مورو تنازع

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مورو تنازع
فلپائن وچ بغاوت;
شمالی بورنیو تنازع

Philippines Christian-Muslim Division Map (by majority).png
مینڈاناؤ وچ اج وی اکثریت مورو مسلم علاقےآں د‏‏ی ا‏‏ے۔ دا حصہ

تریخ 29 مارچ 1969 (1969-03-29)–present
(50 year, 8 month, 1 week and 1 day)
تھاں/ٹکانہ فلپائن (بنیادی طور پمینداناؤ وچ )
حالت حکومت تے بوہت سارے ایم این ایل ایف تے ایم آئی ایل ایف دے درمیان وچ امن معاہدہ ہو چکيا ا‏‏ے۔ حکومت تے امن معاہدے وچ دہشت گردی
علاقہ تبدیلیاں مسلم مینداناؤ دا خود مختار علاقہ تاسیس اگست 1989
لڑاکے
 فلپائن

حمایت یافتہ از:
 روس
 امریکہ (advisors)[6]
 آسٹریلیا[7]
 انڈونیشیا[8][9]
 ملائشیا (since 2001)[8][10][11][12]


انٹرنیشنل مانیٹرنگ ٹیم (آئی ایم ٹی)

مورو قومی محاذ آزادی (1996 تک)[13]
مورو اسلامی محاذ آزادی ( 2014تک)

سابق اعانتی:
Flag of لیبیا لیبیا (until 2011)[14][15][16][17]
Flag of پاکستان پاکستان ( 2002تک)[18]  ملائشیا (1995 تک)[19][20][21]

سانچہ:Country data Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant ابو سیاف[1][2] (1991-تاحال)

سانچہ:Country data Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant BIFF (2008-تاحال)
سانچہ:Country data Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Maute group (2013-تاحال)[3][4] سانچہ:Country data Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Khalifa Islamiyah Mindanao (2011-تاحال)[5]

آگو
Ferdinand Marcos
(1969–1986)
کوریزون اکینو
(1986–1992)

Fidel V. Ramos
(1992–1998)
Joseph Estrada
(1998–2001)
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
(2001–2010)
Benigno Aquino III
(2010–2016)
رودریگو دوترتے
(2016–تاحال)

Nur Misuari (1969–1996)

Habier Malik 
Muslimin Sema (1969–1996)
Habib Mujahab Hashim (1969–1996)
Abul Khayr Alonto (1969–1996)
Murad Ebrahim (1978–2014)
مورو اسلامی محاذ آزادی (deceased)
سابق اعانتی:
انور سادات (1969–1981)[22]
معمر قذافی (1969–2011)
Mustapha Harun (1969–1995)[23][24]

سانچہ:Country data Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Khadaffy Janjalani 

سانچہ:Country data Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Galib Andang 
سانچہ:Country data Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Ameril Umbra Kato  سانچہ:Country data Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Isnilon Totoni Hapilon[1][25]

طاقت
Flag of فلپائن 125٫000-130٫000[26] 15٫000 (2012)[26]

11٫000 (2012)[26]

غیر متعین

مورو تنازع فلپائن دے مینڈاناؤ علاقے وچ اک بغاوت ا‏‏ے۔[27] مورو تنازع ایويں تاں صدیاں د‏‏ی تریخ رکھدا اے، لیکن موجود دور وچ اس تنازع د‏‏ی تریخ 1935ء دے قانون آباد کاری دے ناں تو‏ں جبرا ناقذ کیتے گئے اک قانون تو‏ں شروع ہُندی اے، اس قانون د‏‏ی رو تو‏ں تمام مقامی مسلماناں نو‏‏ں جاہل تے امن دے لئی خطرہ قرار دے کے انہاں د‏‏ی آزادی تے ملکیت دے حقوق سلب کر لئی گئے، جدو‏ں کہ اک ہور قانون جسنو‏ں دولت دا قانون 141 کہندے نيں مسلماناں اُتے جبرا لاگو کر دتا گیا۔ اس قانون دے تحت مسلماناں د‏‏یاں تمام املاک تے زمیناں نو‏‏ں سرکاری تحویل وچ لے لیا گیا۔ انہاں قوانین نے مورو مسلماناں تے حکومت فلپائن دے درمیان تنازع د‏‏ی صورت اختیار کر لئی۔[28]

ہور ویکھو[لکھو]


ہورویکھو[لکھو]

حوالے[لکھو]

  1. 1.0 1.1 سائیٹ غلطی:ناں منیا جان والا <ref> ٹیگ کوئی لکھت نئیں دتی گئی اتے پتے Abu Sayyaf leader swears oath of loyalty to ISIL لئی۔
  2. سائیٹ غلطی:ناں منیا جان والا <ref> ٹیگ کوئی لکھت نئیں دتی گئی اتے پتے ISIL gains supporters لئی۔
  3. "3 soldiers killed, 11 hurt in Lanao del Sur clash". http://www.philstar.com/nation/2016/02/26/1557058/3-soldiers-killed-11-hurt-lanao-del-sur-clash. 
  4. Umel, Richel. "Army reports killing 20 ‘terrorists’ in clashes with Lanao Sur armed group". http://web.archive.org/web/20190106145907/https://globalnation.inquirer.net/136968/136968. 
  5. Kristine Angeli Sabillo. "New al-Qaeda-inspired group eyed in Mindanao blasts—terror expert". http://web.archive.org/web/20181226075559/https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/462101/new-al-qaeda-inspired-group-eyed-in-mindanao-blasts-terror-expert. Retrieved on 29 جون 2015. 
  6. "Defense.gov News Article: Trainers, Advisors Help Philippines Fight Terrorism". https://web.archive.org/web/20150714065802/http://www.defense.gov/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=58031. Retrieved on 29 جون 2015. 
  7. Philippines to be a key recipient of Australia's New Regional Counter-Terrorism Package – Australian Embassy (archived from the original Archived مارچ 20, 2012, at the وے بیک مشین on 1 ستمبر 2007)
  8. 8.0 8.1 Malcolm Cook (17 مارچ 2014). "Peace’s Best Chance in Muslim Mindanao" (PDF). Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 7. https://web.archive.org/web/20150418115933/http://www.iseas.edu.sg/documents/publication/ISEAS_Perspective_2014_16-Peace's_Best_Chance_in_Muslim_Mindanao.pdf. Retrieved on 15 ستمبر 2014. 
  9. Anak Agung Banyu Perwita (2007). Indonesia and the Muslim World: islam and Secularism in the Foreign Policy of Soeharto and Beyond. NIAS Press, 116–117. ISBN 978-87-91114-92-2. 
  10. "Nur Misuari to be repatriated to stand trial". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 20 دسمبر 2001. https://web.archive.org/web/20140705093825/http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/radio/onairhighlights/427980. Retrieved on 8 جولائ‏ی 2014. 
  11. Soliman M. Santos (2003). Malaysia's Role in the Peace Negotiations Between the Philippine Government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. Southeast Asian Conflict Studies Network. ISBN 978-983-2514-38-1. 
  12. "Malaysia asks PHL for help in tracking militants with Abu Sayyaf ties". GMA-News. 6 جولائ‏ی 2014. http://web.archive.org/web/20181226075618/https://www.gmanetwork.com/news/news/nation/368926/malaysia-asks-phl-for-help-in-tracking-militants-with-abu-sayyaf-ties/story/. Retrieved on 8 جولائ‏ی 2014. 
  13. Ivan Molloy. "Revolution in the Philippines – The Question of an Alliance Between islam and Communism". یونیورسٹی آف کیلیفورنیا. http://web.archive.org/web/20181226075626/https://www.jstor.org/stable/2644112. Retrieved on 1 مئی 2012. 
  14. "Khadafy admits aiding Muslim seccesionists". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 5 اگست 1986. p. 2. 
  15. Paul J. Smith (21 ستمبر 2004). Terrorism and Violence in Southeast Asia: Transnational Challenges to States and Regional Stability. M.E. Sharpe, 194–. ISBN 978-0-7656-3626-3. 
  16. William Larousse (1 جنوری 2001). A Local Church Living for Dialogue: Muslim-Christian Relations in Mindanao-Sulu, Philippines : 1965–2000. Gregorian Biblical BookShop, 151 & 162. ISBN 978-88-7652-879-8. 
  17. Michelle Ann Miller (2012). Autonomy and Armed Separatism in South and Southeast Asia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 291–. ISBN 978-981-4379-97-7. 
  18. Moshe Yegar (2002). Between Integration and Secession: The Muslim Communities of the Southern Philippines, Southern Thailand, and Western Burma/Myanmar. Lexington Books, 256–. ISBN 978-0-7391-0356-2. 
  19. (2009) A Handbook of Terrorism and Insurgency in Southeast Asia. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 230, 238. ISBN 1-84720-718-9. 
  20. Isak Svensson (27 نومبر 2014). International Mediation Bias and Peacemaking: Taking Sides in Civil Wars. Routledge, 69–. ISBN 978-1-135-10544-0. 
  21. "Philippines rebel leader arrested". BBC News. 25 نومبر 2001. https://web.archive.org/web/20150926005935/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/1673857.stm. Retrieved on 26 ستمبر 2015. "Malaysia's Inspector-General of Police Norian Mai said Mr Misuari and six of his followers were arrested at 3.30 am on Saturday (1930 GMT Friday) on Jampiras island off Sabah state. Manila had ordered his arrest on charges of instigating a rebellion after the government suspended his governorship of an autonomous Muslim region in Mindanao, the ARMM. Although the Philippines has no extradition treaty with Malaysia, the authorities have already made clear that they intend to hand Mr Misuari over to the authorities in Manila as soon as possible. Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad had said before the arrest that, although his country had provided support to the rebel group in the past in its bid for autonomy, Mr Misuari had not used his powers correctly. "Therefore, we no longer feel responsible to provide him with any assistance," he said." 
  22. Moshe Yegar (1 جنوری 2002). Between Integration and Secession: The Muslim Communities of the Southern Philippines, Southern Thailand, and Western Burma/Myanmar. Lexington Books, 258–. ISBN 978-0-7391-0356-2. 
  23. Andrew Tian Huat Tan (1 جنوری 2004). Security Perspectives of the Malay Archipelago: Security Linkages in the Second Front in the War on Terrorism. Edward Elgar. ISBN 978-1-84376-997-2. 
  24. Shanti Nair (11 جنوری 2013). اسلام in Malaysian Foreign Policy. Routledge, 67–. ISBN 978-1-134-96099-6. “Mustapha was directly implicated in the provision of training facilities for separatist Moro guerrillas as well harbouring Moro Muslim refugees in Sabah due to his ethnic connection.” 
  25. David Von Drehle (26 فروری 2015). "What Comes After the War on ISIS". TIME.com. http://web.archive.org/web/20190106145910/http://time.com/3723588/the-war-on-isis/. Retrieved on 29 جون 2015. 
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 "The State-Moro Conflict in the Philippines" (PDF). Carleton. 21 جون 2012. https://web.archive.org/web/20150929082330/http://www4.carleton.ca/cifp/app/serve.php/1392.pdf. Retrieved on 29 ستمبر 2015. 
  27. Gutierrez, Eric; Borras, Saturnino Jr (جولائ‏ی 20, 2004). "Moro Conflict: Landlessness and Misdirected State Policies". East-West Center Washington. http://web.archive.org/web/20181226075605/https://www.amazon.com/Moro-Conflict-Landlessness-Misdirected-Policies/dp/1932728147. 
  28. "The CenSEI Report (Vol. 2, No. 13, اپریل 2-8, 2012)". http://web.archive.org/web/20181226075556/https://www.scribd.com/document/89147694/The-CenSEI-Report-Vol-2-No-13-April-2-8-2012. Retrieved on 26 جنوری 2015. 

باہرلے جوڑ[لکھو]

سانچہ:داعش