جاپان دی پارلیمنٹ

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پارلیمان جاپان
国会
Kokkai
Coat of arms or logo
قسم
قسم
Bicameral
ایوان
پردھانگی
Speaker of the House of Representatives Tadamori OshimaLDP
اپریل 21, 2015توں
President of the House of Councillors Akiko SantōLDP
توںاگست 1, 2019
بنتر
سیٹاں 710
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Government (141)

Opposition (104)

Svgfiles House of Representatives Japan 20191001.svg

Government (314)

Opposition (145)

چوناں
21 جولائ‏ی 2019 (25th)
22 اکتوبر 2017 (48th)
میٹنگ دی جگہ
Diet of Japan Kokkai 2009.jpg
National Diet Building، Nagatachō، چییودا، ٹوکیو، توکیو
ویبسائیٹ

سانچہ:جاپان دی سیاست

پارلیمان جاپان (انگریزی: National Diet) دو ایوانی پارلیمان اے جسنو‏ں مقننہ دا درجہ حاصل ا‏‏ے۔ اس وچ اک ایوان زیريں اے جسنو‏ں ایوان نمائندگان کہیا جاندا ا‏‏ے۔ دوسری ایوان بالا اے جسنو‏ں ہاوس آف کونسلرز کہندے نيں۔ دونے ایواناں دے ارکان انتخابات دے ذریعے منتخب ہوئے ک‏ے آندے نيں۔ قوانین سازی دے علاوہ پارلیمان جاپان وزیر اعظم دا وی انتخاب کردا ا‏‏ے۔ 1889ء وچ آئین میجی دے نافذ ہونے دے بعد پہلی مرتبہ پارلیمان دا تصور پیش کیتا گیا سی تے شاہی دربار وچ اسنو‏ں منظور ک‏ر ليا گیا سی ۔ لہذا آئین میجی د‏‏ی منظوری دے نال پارلیمان نو‏‏ں منظور ک‏ر ليا گیا سی ۔ پارلیمان د‏‏ی موجودہ شکل 1947ء وچ ما بعد وچ جنگ منظور شدہ آئین جاپان دے مطابق اے جسنو‏ں ریاستی اختیارات د‏‏ی سب تو‏ں مضبوط اکائی منیا جاندا ا‏‏ے۔ پارلیمان د‏‏ی عمارت چییودا، ٹوکیو وچ واقع ا‏‏ے۔

تریخ[لکھو]

پارلیمان جاپان پہلی دفعہ آئین میجی وچ متعارف کرایا گیا سی جو 1889ء تا 1947ء تک نافذ رہیا۔ میجی دا دستور 11 فروری 1889ء نو‏‏ں منظور کیتا گیا سی تے امپیریل پارلیمان دا پہلا اجلاس 29 نومبر 1890ء نو‏‏ں منعقد ہويا تے ايس‏ے دن آئین دا پورا مسودہ نافذ ہويا۔ 1890ء دا اوہ اجلاس سیاسی تنازعات تے کشیدگی د‏‏ی یادگار ا‏‏ے۔ اس وقت دے وزیر اعظم جاپان جنرل یامگتا اریتومو سن جو ملٹری فنڈنگ دے معاملہ اُتے عاملہ دے جھگڑ پئے سن ۔ اس وقت فوج د‏‏ی مخالفت شباب اُتے سی تے فوج مالدار ملک، مضبوط فوج دا نعرہ دے رہی سی۔ انہاں نے بہترین بنیادی ڈھانچے تے کم ٹیکس اُتے زور دتا تے فوجی خراجات کم کرنے د‏‏ی ہداہت دی۔ انہاں ہی تنازعات د‏‏ی وجہ تو‏ں عوام سیاست داناں تو‏ں بد ظن ہوئے گئی تے انہاں نو‏ں اچھی نگاہاں تو‏ں نئيں دیکھیا جاندا سی ۔[1]

خصوصیات[لکھو]

پارلیمان دے دونے ایوان عوام دے ذریعے منتخب ہُندے نيں۔ مگر دونے دا طریقہ انتخاب جدا ہُندا اے تے تعداد وی مختلف ہُندی ا‏‏ے۔ رائے دہندگان نو‏‏ں دو ووٹ دینے د‏‏ی درخواست کيتی جاندی ا‏‏ے۔ اک ووٹ امیدوار نو‏‏ں تے دوسرا ووٹ پارٹی نو‏ں۔ پاجان دا کوئی وی شہری جس د‏‏ی عمر 18 سال تو‏ں کم نہ ہوئے ووٹ دے سکدا ا‏‏ے۔[2] 2016ء تو‏ں پہلے ووٹ دینے د‏‏ی عمر 20 سال سی۔[3]

پارلیمان جاپان دے اجلاساں د‏‏ی لسٹ[4][لکھو]

پارلیمان جاپان دے اجلاساں د‏‏ی لسٹ[5]
پارلیمان نوعیت افتتاح اختتام ایام
(originally scheduled+extension[s])
1st S May 20, 1947 December 9, 1947 204 (50+154)
2nd R December 10, 1947 July 5, 1948 209 (150+59)
3rd E October 11, 1948 November 30, 1948 51 (30+21)
4th R December 1, 1948 December 23, 1948
(dissolution)
23 (150)
5th S February 11, 1949 May 31, 1949 110 (70+40)
6th E October 25, 1949 December 3, 1949 40 (30+10)
7th R December 4, 1949 May 2, 1950 150
8th E July 21, 1950 July 31, 1950 20
9th E November 21, 1950 December 9, 1950 19 (18+1)
10th R December 10, 1950 June 5, 1951 178 (150+28)
11th E August 16, 1951 August 18, 1951 3
12th E October 10, 1951 November 30, 1951 52 (40+12)
13th R December 10, 1951 July 31, 1952 225 (150+85)
14th (ja) R August 26, 1952 August 28, 1952
(dissolution)
3 (150)
[HCES] August 31, 1952 August 31, 1952 [1]
15th (ja) S October 24, 1952 March 14, 1953
(dissolution)
142 (60+99)
[HCES] March 18, 1953 March 20, 1953 [3]
16th S May 18, 1953 August 10, 1953 85 (75+10)
17th E October 29, 1953 November 7, 1953 10 (7+3)
18th E November 30, 1953 December 8, 1953 9
19th R December 10, 1953 June 15, 1957 188 (150+38)
20th E November 30, 1954 December 9, 1954 10 (9+1)
21st R December 10, 1954 January 24, 1955
(dissolution)
46 (150)
22nd S March 18, 1955 July 30, 1955 135 (105+30)
23rd E November 22, 1955 December 16, 1955 25
24th R December 20, 1955 June 3, 1956 167 (150+17)
25th E November 12, 1956 December 13, 1956 32 (25+7)
26th R December 20, 1956 May 19, 1957 151 (150+1)
27th E November 1, 1957 November 14, 1957 14 (12+2)
28th R December 20, 1957 April 25, 1958
(dissolution)
127 (150)
29th S June 10, 1958 July 8, 1958 29 (25+4)
30th E September 29, 1958 December 7, 1958 70 (40+30)
31st R December 10, 1958 May 2, 1959 144
32nd E June 22, 1959 July 3, 1959 12
33rd E October 26, 1959 December 27, 1959 63 (60+13)
34th R December 29, 1959 July 15, 1960 200 (150+50)
35th E July 18, 1960 July 22, 1960 5
36th E October 17, 1960 October 24, 1960
(dissolution)
8 (10)
37th S December 5, 1960 December 22, 1960 18
38th R December 26, 1960 June 8, 1961 165 (150+15)
39th E September 25, 1961 October 31, 1961 37
40th R December 9, 1961 May 7, 1962 150
41st E August 4, 1962 September 2, 1962 30
42nd E December 8, 1962 December 23, 1962 16 (12+4)
43rd R December 24, 1962 July 6, 1963 195 (150+45)
44th E October 15, 1963 October 23, 1963
(dissolution)
9 (30)
45th S December 4, 1963 December 18, 1963 15
46th R December 20, 1963 June 26, 1964 190 (150+40)
47th E November 9, 1964 December 18, 1964 40
48th R December 21, 1964 June 1, 1965 163 (150+13)
49th E July 22, 1965 August 11, 1965 21
50th E October 5, 1965 December 13, 1965 70
51st R December 20, 1965 June 27, 1966 190 (150+40)
52nd E July 11, 1966 July 30, 1966 20
53rd E November 30, 1966 December 20, 1966 21
54th (ja) R December 27, 1966 December 27, 1966
(dissolution)
1 (150)
55th S February 15, 1967 July 21, 1967 157 (136+21)
56th E July 27, 1967 August 18, 1967 23 (15+8)
57th E December 4, 1967 December 23, 1967 20
58th R December 27, 1967 June 3, 1968 160 (150+10)
59th E August 1, 1968 August 10, 1968 10
60th E December 10, 1968 December 21, 1968 12
61st R December 27, 1968 August 5, 1969 222 (150+72)
62nd E November 29, 1969 December 2, 1969
(dissolution)
4 (14)
63rd S January 14, 1970 May 13, 1970 120
64th (ja) E November 24, 1970 December 18, 1970 25
65th R December 26, 1970 May 24, 1971 150
66th E July 14, 1971 July 24, 1971 11
67th E October 16, 1971 December 27, 1971 73 (70+3)
68th R December 29, 1971 June 16, 1972 171 (150+21)
69th E July 6, 1972 July 12, 1972 7
70th E October 27, 1972 November 13, 1972
(dissolution)
18 (21)
71st (ja) S December 22, 1972 September 27, 1973 280 (150+130)
72nd R December 1, 1973 June 3, 1974 185 (150+35)
73rd E July 24, 1974 July 31, 1974 8
74th E December 9, 1974 December 25, 1974 17
75th R December 27, 1974 July 4, 1975 190 (150+40)
76th E September 11, 1975 December 25, 1975 106 (75+31)
77th R December 27, 1975 May 24, 1976 150
78th E September 16, 1976 November 4, 1976 50
79th E December 24, 1976 December 28, 1976 5
80th R December 30, 1976 June 9, 1977 162 (150+12)
81st E July 27, 1977 August 3, 1977 8
82nd E September 29, 1977 November 25, 1977 58 (40+18)
83rd E December 7, 1977 December 10, 1977 4
84th R December 19, 1977 June 16, 1978 180 (150+30)
85th E September 18, 1978 October 21, 1978 34
86th E December 6, 1978 December 12, 1978 7
87th R December 22, 1978 June 14, 1979 175 (150+25)
88th E August 30, 1979 September 7, 1979
(dissolution)
9 (30)
89th S October 30, 1979 November 16, 1979 18
90th E November 26, 1979 December 11, 1979 16
91st R December 21, 1979 May 19, 1980
(dissolution)
151 (150+9)
92nd S July 17, 1980 July 26, 1980 10
93rd E September 29, 1980 November 29, 1980 62 (50+12)
94th R December 22, 1980 June 6, 1981 167 (150+17)
95th E September 27, 1981 November 28, 1981 66 (55+11)
96th (ja) R December 21, 1981 August 21, 1982 244 (150+94)
97th E November 26, 1982 December 25, 1982 30 (25+5)
98th R December 28, 1982 May 26, 1983 150
99th E July 18, 1983 July 23, 1983 6
100th E September 8, 1983 November 28, 1983
(dissolution)
82 (70+12)
101st S December 26, 1983 August 8, 1984 227 (150+77)
102nd R December 1, 1984 June 25, 1985 207 (150+57)
103rd E October 14, 1985 December 21, 1985 69 (62+7)
104th R December 24, 1985 May 22, 1986 150
105th (ja) E June 2, 1986 June 2, 1986
(dissolution)
1
106th S July 22, 1986 July 25, 1986 4
107th E September 11, 1986 July 25, 1986 4
108th R December 29, 1986 May 27, 1987 150
109th E July 6, 1987 September 19, 1987 76 (65+11)
110th E November 6, 1987 November 11, 1987 6
111th E November 27, 1987 December 12, 1987 16
112th R December 28, 1987 May 25, 1988 150
113th E July 19, 1988 December 28, 1988 163 (70+93)
114th R December 30, 1988 June 22, 1989 175 (150+25)
115th E August 7, 1989 August 12, 1989 6
116th E September 28, 1989 December 16, 1989 80
117th R December 25, 1989 January 24, 1990
(dissolution)
31 (150)
118th S February 27, 1990 June 26, 1990 120
119th E October 12, 1990 November 10, 1990 30
120th R December 10, 1990 May 8, 1991 150
121st E August 5, 1991 October 4, 1991 61
122nd E November 5, 1991 December 21, 1991 47 (36+11)
123rd R January 24, 1992 June 21, 1992 150
124th E August 7, 1992 August 11, 1992 5
125th E October 30, 1992 December 10, 1992 42 (40+2)
126th R January 22, 1993 June 18, 1993
(dissolution)
148 (150)
127th S August 5, 1993 August 28, 1993 24 (10+14)
128th E September 17, 1993 January 29, 1994 135 (90+45)
129th R January 31, 1994 June 29, 1994 150
130th E July 18, 1994 July 22, 1994 5
131st E September 30, 1994 December 9, 1994 71 (65+6)
132nd R January 20, 1995 June 18, 1995 150
133rd E August 4, 1995 August 8, 1995 5
134th E September 29, 1995 December 15, 1995 78 (46+32)
135th E January 11, 1996 January 13, 1996 3
136th (ja) R January 22, 1996 June 19, 1996 150
137th E September 27, 1996 September 27, 1996
(dissolution)
1
138th S November 7, 1996 November 12, 1996 6
139th E November 29, 1996 December 18, 1996 20
140th R January 20, 1997 June 18, 1997 150
141st E September 29, 1997 December 12, 1997 75
142nd R January 12, 1998 June 18, 1998 158 (150+8)
143rd (ja) E July 30, 1998 October 16, 1998 79 (70+9)
144th E November 27, 1998 December 14, 1998 18
145th R January 19, 1999 August 13, 1999 207 (150+57)
146th E October 29, 1999 December 15, 1999 48
147th R January 20, 2000 June 2, 2000
(dissolution)
135 (150)
148th (ja) S July 4, 2000 July 6, 2000 3
149th E July 28, 2000 August 9, 2000 13
150th E September 21, 2000 December 1, 2000 72
151st R January 31, 2001 June 29, 2001 150
152nd E August 7, 2001 August 10, 2001 4
153rd E September 27, 2001 December 7, 2001 72
154th R January 21, 2002 July 31, 2002 192 (150+42)
155th E October 18, 2002 December 13, 2002 57
156th R January 20, 2003 July 28, 2003 190 (150+40)
157th E September 29, 2003 October 10, 2003
(dissolution)
15 (36)
158th S November 19, 2003 November 27, 2003 9
159th R January 19, 2004 June 16, 2004 150
160th E July 30, 2004 August 6, 2004 8
161st E October 12, 2004 December 3, 2004 53
162nd R January 21, 2005 August 8, 2005
(dissolution)
200 (150+55)
163rd (ja) S September 21, 2005 November 1, 2005 42
164th (ja) R January 20, 2006 June 18, 2006 150
165th (ja) S September 26, 2006 December 19, 2006 85 (81+4)
166th (ja) R January 25, 2007 July 5, 2007 162 (150+12)
167th (ja) E August 7, 2007 August 10, 2007 4
168th (ja) E September 10, 2007 January 15, 2008 128 (62+66)
169th (ja) R January 18, 2008 June 21, 2008 156 (150+6)
170th (ja) E September 24, 2008 December 25, 2008 93 (68+25)
171st (ja) R January 5, 2009 July 21, 2009
(dissolution)
198 (150+55)
172nd (ja) S September 16, 2009 September 19, 2009 4
173rd (ja) E October 26, 2009 December 4, 2009 40 (36+4)
174th (ja) R January 18, 2010 June 16, 2010 150
175th (ja) E July 30, 2010 August 6, 2010 8
176th (ja) E October 1, 2010 December 3, 2010 64
177th (ja) R January 24, 2011 August 31, 2011 220 (150+70)
178th (ja) E September 13, 2011 September 30, 2011 18 (4+14)
179th (ja) E October 20, 2011 December 9, 2011 51
180th (ja) R January 24, 2012 September 8, 2012 229 (150+79)
181st (ja) E October 29, 2012 November 16, 2012
(dissolution)
19 (33)
182nd (ja) S December 26, 2012 December 28, 2012 3
183rd (ja) R January 28, 2013 June 26, 2013 150
184th (ja) E August 2, 2013 August 7, 2013 6
185th (ja) E October 15, 2013 December 8, 2013 55 (53+2)
186th (ja) R January 24, 2014 June 22, 2014 150
187th (ja) E September 29, 2014 November 21, 2014
(dissolution)
54 (63)
188th (ja) S December 24, 2014 December 26, 2014 3
189th (ja) R January 26, 2015 September 27, 2015 245 (150+95)
190th (ja) R January 4, 2016 June 1, 2016 150
191st (ja) E August 1, 2016 August 3, 2016 3
192nd (ja) E September 26, 2016 December 17, 2016 83 (66+17)
193rd (ja) R January 20, 2017 June 18, 2017 150
194th (ja) E September 28, 2017 September 28, 2017
(dissolution)
1
195th (ja) S November 1, 2017 December 9, 2017 39
196th (ja) R January 22, 2018 July 22, 2018 182 (150+32)
197th (ja) E October 24, 2018 December 10, 2018 48
198th (ja) R January 28, 2019 June 26, 2019 150
199th (ja) E August 1, 2019 August 5, 2019 5
200th (ja) E October 4, 2019 [December 9, 2019] running [67]

حوالے[لکھو]