فالکن 9

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فالکن 9 امریکی کمپنی سپیس ایکس دا بنایا اک دو سٹیجی راکٹ اے ، فالکن 9 دے Falcon 9 v1.0 ،Falcon 9 v1.1 (ہن آلا ورژن) تے Falcon 9-R (کجھ حد تک مڑ ورتوں لانچ سسٹم) نیں ۔ اس دو سٹیجی خلائی گڈی دے دونے سٹیجاں نوں راکٹ انجن نال طاقت دتی جاندی اے ، جہڑے مائع آکسیجن (LOX) ،راکٹ گڑیڈ کیروسین (RP-1) نال چلدے نیں ۔اس راکٹ دی پہلی سٹیج مڑ ورتوں لئی ڈیزائن کیتی گئی اے تے دوجی سٹیج مڑ نئیں ورتی جاسکدی ۔[1] ہن آلا فالکن9(وی1.1) 13,150 کلوگرام (464,000 oz) پے لوڈ نوں تھلواں زمینی مدار تے 4,850 کلوگرام (171,000 oz) پے لوڈ نوں زمین ساکن ٹرانسفر مدار تک لے جا سکدا اے ۔

LC-40 at Cape Canaveral AFS, Florida, after construction of Falcon 9 launch structures in 2009.
Falcon 9 Flight 17's first stage attempting a controlled landing on the Autonomous Spaceport Drone Ship following the launch of CRS-6 to the International Space Station on June 28, 2015. The stage landed hard and tipped over, exploding after landing.
SpaceX's Falcon 9 rocket delivered the ABS 3A and EUTELSAT 115 West B satellites to a supersynchronous transfer orbit, launching from Space Launch Complex 40 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida on Sunday, March 1, 2015.
SpaceX Falcon 9 launch with COTS Demo Flight 1
Version Falcon 9 v1.0 (retired) Falcon 9 v1.1 (active) Falcon 9 v1.1 Full Thrust (active)[2]
Stage 1 9 × Merlin 1C 9 × Merlin 1D 9 × Merlin 1D (with minor upgrades)[3]
Stage 2 1 × Merlin 1C Vacuum 1 × Merlin 1D Vacuum 1 × Merlin 1D Vacuum (with minor upgrades)[3]
Max height (m) 53[4] 68.4[5] 70[6]
Diameter (m) 3.66[7] 3.66[8] 3.66
Initial thrust (kN) 3,807 5,885[5] 6,806[6]
Takeoff mass (tonnes) 318[4] 506[5] 541[6]
Fairing diameter (m) ناموجود* 5.2 5.2
Payload to LEO (kg) 8,500–9,000 (launch at Cape Canaveral)[4] 13,150 (launch at Cape Canaveral)[5][9] 13,150[6]
Payload to GTO (kg) 3,400[4] 4,850[5][9] 4,850[6]
Success ratio 5/5** 13/14 1/1

* The Falcon 9 v1.0 only launched the Dragon spacecraft; it never launched with the clam-shell payload fairing.

** On SpaceX CRS-1, the primary payload, Dragon, was successful. A secondary payload was placed in an incorrect orbit because of a changed flight profile due to the malfunction and shut-down of a single first-stage engine. Likely enough fuel and oxidizer remained on the second stage for orbital insertion, but not enough to be within NASA safety margins for the protection of the International Space Station.[10]

حوالے[لکھو]

  1. سائیٹ غلطی:ناں منیا جان والا <ref> ٹیگ کوئی لکھت نئیں دتی گئی اتے پتے ElonMuskMITInteview لئی۔
  2. Graham, William (21 December 2015). "SpaceX returns to flight with OG2, nails historic core return". http://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2015/12/spacex-rtf-core-return-attempt-og2/. Retrieved on 22 December 2015. "The launch also marked the first flight of the Falcon 9 Full Thrust, internally known only as the "Upgraded Falcon 9"" 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Foust, Jeff (31 August 2015). "SpaceX To Debut Upgraded Falcon 9 on Return to Flight Mission". http://spacenews.com/spacex-to-debut-upgraded-falcon-9-on-return-to-flight-mission/. Retrieved on 18 September 2015. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 سائیٹ غلطی:ناں منیا جان والا <ref> ٹیگ کوئی لکھت نئیں دتی گئی اتے پتے slreport20110729 لئی۔
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 سائیٹ غلطی:ناں منیا جان والا <ref> ٹیگ کوئی لکھت نئیں دتی گئی اتے پتے spacex-falcon9 لئی۔
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 سائیٹ غلطی:ناں منیا جان والا <ref> ٹیگ کوئی لکھت نئیں دتی گئی اتے پتے spacex-falcon9v1.1FT لئی۔
  7. "Falcon 9 Launch Vehicle". http://www.spaceflight101.com/falcon-9-launch-vehicle-information.html. Retrieved on 18 September 2015. 
  8. "Falcon 9 v1.1". http://www.spaceflight101.com/falcon-9-v11.html. Retrieved on 18 September 2015. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 سائیٹ غلطی:ناں منیا جان والا <ref> ٹیگ کوئی لکھت نئیں دتی گئی اتے پتے sxCapabilitiesSvcs20130909 لئی۔
  10. Clark, Stephen (October 11, 2012). "Orbcomm craft falls to Earth, company claims total loss". Spaceflight Now. http://www.spaceflightnow.com/falcon9/004/121011orbcomm/. Retrieved on 2014-04-05. 

باہرلے جوڑ[لکھو]

سانچہ:Wikinews