نوبل انعام جیتو جاپانی

وکیپیڈیا توں
جاؤ: پاندھ, کھوج

انعام جیتو[لکھو]

ورہ انعام جیتو کیٹاگری جیون وجہ
1949 Yukawa.jpg ہاڈیکی یوکوا [فزکس] 1907–1981 "for his prediction of the existence of mesons on the basis of theoretical work on nuclear forces".[1]
1965 Tomonaga.jpg سن اٹیرو ٹومو ناگا [فزکس] 1906–1979 "for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the طبیعیات of elementary particles" – shared with جولیان سکونگر and رچرڈ فلپ فے مین.[2]
1968 Yasunari Kawabata 1938.jpg یاسوناری کواباٹا [ساہت] 1899–1972 "for his narrative mastery, which with great sensibility expresses the essence of the Japanese mind".[3]
1973 Leo Esaki 1959.jpg لیو اسکائی [فزکس] 1925– "for their experimental discoveries regarding tunneling phenomena in semiconductors and superconductors, respectively" – shared with ایور گیور and برائن ڈیوڈ جوزف سن.[4]
1974 Satō Eisaku.jpg ایساکو ساٹو [کیمسٹری] 1901–1975 "Prime Minister of Japan," "for his renunciation of the nuclear option for Japan and his efforts to further regional reconciliation" – Shared with سین میک برائیڈ.[5]
1981 کنیچی فوکوئی [کیمسٹری] 1918–1998 "for their theories, developed independently, concerning the course of chemical reactions" – shared with روالڈ ہوف مین.[6]
1987 Susumu Tonegawa Photo.jpg سسوموٹونیگوا [طب] 1939– "for his discovery of the genetic principle for generation of antibody diversity."[7]
1994 Oe Kenzaburo 1-2.jpg کنزابرو اوی [ساہت] 1935– "who with poetic force creates an imagined world, where life and myth condense to form a disconcerting picture of the human predicament today."[8]
2000 Hideki Shirakawa 20011212.jpg ہیڈکیشراکوا [کیمسٹری] 1936– "for the discovery and development of conductive polymers" – shared with الان مکڈیامک تےالان جے ہیگر.[9]
2001 Rioji Noyori.jpg ریوجی نیوری [کیمسٹری] 1938– "for their work on chirally catalysed hydrogenation reactions" – shared with William Knowles and کارل بیری شارپلیس.[10]
2002 Masatoshi Koshiba 2002.jpg مساٹوشی کوشیبا [فزکس] 1926– "for pioneering contributions to astroطبیعیات, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos" – shared with رئیمنڈ ڈیوس جے آر and رککارڈو گیاککونی.[11]
Koichi Tanaka 2003.jpg کوئیچی ٹناکا [کیمسٹری] 1959– "for the development of methods for identification and structure analyses of biological macromolecules" and "for their development of soft desorption ionisation methods for mass spectrometric analyses of biological macromolecules" – shared with John Fenn and کرٹ وتھرچ.[12]
2008 YoichiroNambu.jpg یوچیرو نامبو
(USA citizen)
[فزکس] 1921–2015 "for the discovery of the mechanism of spontaneous broken symmetry in subatomic طبیعیات" – held American nationality – shared with Makoto Kobayashi and توشی ہائڈ مسکوا.[13]
Makoto Kobayashi-press conference Dec 07th, 2008-2b.jpg ماکوٹو کوبایاشی [فزکس] 1944– "for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature" – shared with یوچیرو نامبو and توشی ہائڈ مسکوا.[13]
Toshihide Masukawa-press conference Dec 07th, 2008-4.jpg توشی ہائڈ مسکوا [فزکس] 1940– "for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature" – shared with یوچیرو نامبو and Makoto Kobayashi.[13]
Osamu Shimomura-press conference Dec 06th, 2008-2.jpg اوسامو شمومورا [کیمسٹری] 1928– "for the discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP" – shared with مارٹن کالفی and راجر ٹسین.[14]
2010 Nobel Prize 2010-Press Conference KVA-DSC 7397.jpg ای ایچی نگیشی [کیمسٹری] 1935– "for palladium-catalyzed cross couplings in organic synthesis" – shared with رچرڈ ایف ہیک and Akira Suzuki.[15]
Nobel Prize 2010-Press Conference KVA-DSC 7370.jpg اکیرا سوزوکی [کیمسٹری] 1930– "for palladium-catalyzed cross couplings in organic synthesis" – shared with رچرڈ ایف ہیک and ای ایچی نگیشی.[15]
2012 Shinya yamanaka10.jpg شنیا یاماناکا [طب] 1962– "for the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent" – shared with جان بی. گرڈن.[16]
2014 Isamu Akasaki 20141211.jpg اسامو اکاساکی [فزکس] 1929– "for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources" – shared with ہیروشی امانو and شوجی نکامورا.[17]
Hiroshi Amano 20141211.jpg ہیروشی امانو [فزکس] 1960– "for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources" – shared with اسامو اکاساکی and شوجی نکامورا.[17]

Shiju.jpg

شوجی نکامورا
(USA citizen)
[فزکس] 1954– "for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources" – shared with اسامو اکاساکی and ہیروشی امانو.[17]
2015 Satoshi Ōmura 5086-1-2015.jpg ساتوشی اومورا [طب] 1935– "for their discoveries concerning a novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasites" – shared with William C. Campbell and تو یویو.[18]
Takaaki Kajita 5171-2015.jpg تکاکی کاجیتا [فزکس] 1959– "for the discovery of neutrino oscillations, which shows that neutrinos have mass" – shared with آرتھر بی مکڈونلڈ.[19]
2016 Nobel Laureates 1042 (30647248184).jpg Yoshinori Ohsumi [طب] 1945- "for his discoveries of mechanisms for autophagy"[20]

جاپان نال تعلق رکھن آلے لوک[لکھو]

سال انعام یافتہ کیٹاگری زندگی وجہ تعلق
1986 Yuan T. Lee 1-1.jpg یوآن ٹی لی [کیمسٹری] 1936– "for their contributions concerning the dynamics of chemical elementary processes" – shared with ڈیوڈلی آر ہرچبچ and جوہن پولانیی.[21] Lee is a Taiwanese scientist of ancient Han Chinese descent and was born in تائیوان, which was then under WWII Japanese rule, he can speak fluently in Japanese, English, Taiwanese and مینڈارن چینی. He was graduated from the National Taiwan University - one of former Japanese Imperial universities.
In addition, Lee is also the Honorary Director of the Institute of Advanced Studies of Nagoya University in Japan.
1987 چارلس جے پیڈرسن [کیمسٹری] 1904–1989 "for their development and use of molecules with structure-specific interactions of high selectivity" – shared with ڈونالڈ جے کرام and Jean-Marie Lehn.[22] Pedersen has a Japanese mother, his Japanese first name was Yoshio (良男?).

حوالے[لکھو]

  1. "The Nobel Prize in طبیعیات 1949". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/طبیعیات/laureates/1949/. Retrieved on 19 December 2009. 
  2. "The Nobel Prize in طبیعیات 1965". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/طبیعیات/laureates/1965/. Retrieved on 19 December 2009. 
  3. "The Nobel Prize in ادب 1968". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/ادب/laureates/1968/. Retrieved on 19 December 2009. 
  4. "The Nobel Prize in طبیعیات 1973". Nobel Foundation. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/طبیعیات/laureates/1973/. Retrieved on 19 December 2009. 
  5. "The Nobel امن Prize 1974". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/امن/laureates/1974/. Retrieved on 19 December 2009. 
  6. "The Nobel Prize in کیمیاء 1981". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/کیمیاء/laureates/1981/. Retrieved on 19 December 2009. 
  7. "The Nobel Prize in طب و فعلیات 1987". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1987/. Retrieved on 19 December 2009. 
  8. "The Nobel Prize in ادب 1994". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/ادب/laureates/1994/. Retrieved on 19 December 2009. 
  9. "The Nobel Prize in کیمیاء 2000". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/کیمیاء/laureates/2000/. Retrieved on 19 December 2009. 
  10. "The Nobel Prize in کیمیاء 2001". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/کیمیاء/laureates/2001/. Retrieved on 19 December 2009. 
  11. "The Nobel Prize in طبیعیات 2002". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/طبیعیات/laureates/2002/. Retrieved on 19 December 2009. 
  12. "The Nobel Prize in کیمیاء 2002". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/کیمیاء/laureates/2002/. Retrieved on 19 December 2009. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 "The Nobel Prize in طبیعیات 2008". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/طبیعیات/laureates/2008/. Retrieved on 19 December 2009. 
  14. "The Nobel Prize in کیمیاء 2008". Nobel Foundation. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/کیمیاء/laureates/2008/. Retrieved on 24 August 2015. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 "The Nobel Prize in کیمیاء 2010". Nobel Foundation. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/کیمیاء/laureates/2010/. Retrieved on 24 August 2015. 
  16. "The Nobel Prize in طب و فعلیات 2012". Nobel Foundation. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2012/. Retrieved on 24 August 2015. 
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 "The Nobel Prize in طبیعیات 2014". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/طبیعیات/laureates/2014/. Retrieved on 24 August 2015. 
  18. "The Nobel Prize in ادب 2013" (PDF). Nobel Foundation. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2015/press.pdf. Retrieved on 2015-10-05. 
  19. "The Nobel Prize in طبیعیات 2015". Nobel Foundation. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/طبیعیات/laureates/2015/index.html. Retrieved on 6 October 2015. 
  20. "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2016". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2016/press.html. Retrieved on 2016-10-03. 
  21. "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1986". Nobel Foundation. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1986/. Retrieved on 24 August 2015. 
  22. "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1987". Nobel Foundation. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1987/. Retrieved on 24 August 2015. 

ہور ویکھو[لکھو]