ساہت دا نوبل انعام جیتو

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سویڈنی اکیڈمی دا سابقہ مستقل سیکٹری، ہوریس اینگڈاہل اعلان کہہ رہا اے ،کہ جے ایم جی لے کلیزیؤ2008 دا ساہت دا نوبل انعام جتیا اے۔

ساہت دا نوبل انعام (سویڈنی: Nobelpriset i litteratur)ساہت دے میدان وچ شاندار یوگدان لئی لکھاریاں نوں سویڈش اکیڈمی ولوں سلانہ انعام دتا جاندا اے۔ ایہہ ایلفریڈ نویل دی 1895 دی وصیت نال قائم پنج نوبل انعاماں وچوں اک اے، جو کہ کیمسٹری، فزکس، ساہت، امن، اتے فزیؤلوجی جاں دوائیاں وچ شاندار یوگدان لئی دتے جاندے ہن۔[1] نوبل دی وصیت دے حکم مطابق اس انعام دا انتظام نوبل فاؤنڈیشن چلاؤندی، اے اتے سویڈش اکیڈمی ولوں چنی اک پنج میمبری کمیٹی اعزاز دندی اے۔[2]ساہت وچ پہلا نوبل انعام 1901 وچ فرانس دے سلی پردھوم نوں دتا گیا سی۔[3] ہریک جیتو نوں اک تمغہ، اک ڈپلوما اتے اک رقم ایوارڈ انعام حاصل ہندا اے جو کہ ویلے ویلے مختلف رہی اے۔[4]1901 وچ، پرودھم نوں 150،782 سویڈنی کرونا حاصل ہویا، جو کہ جنوری 2018 وچ 8،823،637.78 سویڈنی کرونا دے برابر اے۔ ایہہ انعام 10 دسمبر نوں نوبل دی موت دی برسی موقعے اک سالانہ تقریب وچ سٹاکہوم وچ دتا جاندا اے۔[5]

2017 دے مطابق، ساہت وچ نوبل انعام 114 لوکاں نوں دتا گیا اے۔ [6]1958 وچ روس-جنمے بورس پاسترناک نوں سوویت یونین دی سرکار دے دباء ہیٹھ اوارڈ نوں ردّ کرن لئی مجبور کیتا گیا سی۔ 1964 وچ، ژاں پال سارتر نے کیہا سی کہ اوہ نوبل انعام ننیں لینا چاہندا،[7] کیونکہ اسنے پچھلے لگاتار سارے سرکاری انغاماں نوں ردّ کر دتا سی۔[8] حالانکہ نوبل کمیٹی انکاراں نوں قبول نہیں کردی، اتے پاشترناک اتے سارتر نوں نوبل انعام لین والیاں دی لسٹ وچ شامل رکھیا ہویا اے۔[9]

چوداں عورتاں نے ساہت وچ نوبل انعام جتیا اے، جو نوبل امن انعام نوں چھڈّ دے کسے ہور نوبل انعام نالوں زیادہ اے۔ ۔[10][11]سارے سالاں وچ ساہت وچ نوبل انعام دتا گیا اے، صرف چار وار اجیہے موقعے آئے ہن جنہاں وچ دو بندےآں (1904، 1917، 1966، 1974) نوں انعام دتا گیا سی۔ ستّ سال اجیہے ہن، جنہاں وچ ساہت دا نوبل انعام (1914، 1918، 1935، 1940–1943) نہیں دتا گیا سی۔ ساہت وچ نوبل انعام دے سبھ توں ودھ حاصل کرن والے فرانس توں رہے ہن، جنہاں دی، کل گنتی 16 اے، اس توں بعد امریکہ اتے برطانیہ دے گیاراں گیاراں ہن۔

نوبل[لکھو]

سال تصویر جیتو دیس بولی(اں) حوالہ Genre(s)
1901 Sully-Prudhomme.jpg سلی پردھوم سانچہ:Country data French Third RepublicFrance French "in special recognition of his poetic composition، which gives evidence of lofty idealism، artistic perfection and a rare combination of the qualities of both heart and intellect"[12] poetry، essay
1902 T-mommsen-2.jpg تھیؤڈوآ ممسین Germany German "the greatest living master of the art of historical writing، with special reference to his monumental work، A History of Rome"[13] history، law
1903 106x106px بیورنسٹرن بیورنسن سانچہ:Country data Union between Sweden and NorwayNorway Norwegian "as a tribute to his noble، magnificent and versatile poetry، which has always been distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its spirit"[14] poetry، novel، drama
1904 Frederic Mistral portrait photo.jpg سانچہ:Country data French Third RepublicFrance Provenal "in recognition of the fresh originality and true inspiration of his poetic production، which faithfully reflects the natural scenery and native spirit of his people، and، in addition، his significant work as a Provenal philologist"[15] poetry، philology
105x105px کھوتوں ایچیگرائے سانچہ:Country data Restoration (Spain)Spain Spanish "in recognition of the numerous and brilliant compositions which، in an individual and original manner، have revived the great traditions of the Spanish drama" drama
1905 Henryk Sienkiewicz 02.jpg ہینرک سینکیئیوچ  پولینڈPoland

(born in Russian empire)

Polish "because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer"[16] novel
1906 Carducci.jpg Giosu Carducci  ItalyItaly Italian "not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research، but above all as a tribute to the creative energy، freshness of style، and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces"[17] poetry
1907 Kiplingcropped.jpg رڈوآرڈ کپلنگ سانچہ:Country data United Kingdom of Great Britain and IrelandUnited Kingdom English "in consideration of the power of observation، originality of imagination، virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration that characterize the creations of this world-famous author"[18] novel، short story، poetry
1908 Rudolf Christoph Eucken.jpg رڈولف کرسٹوف یوکین Germany German "in recognition of his earnest search for truth، his penetrating power of thought، his wide range of vision، and the warmth and strength in presentation with which in his numerous works he has vindicated and developed an idealistic philosophy of life"[19] philosophy
1909 106x106px سیلما لاگیرلوف  سویڈنSweden Swedish "in appreciation of the lofty idealism، vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings"[20] novel، short story
1910 Die Gartenlaube (1867) b 565.jpg پال ہائز Germany German "as a tribute to the consummate artistry، permeated with idealism، which he has demonstrated during his long productive career as a lyric poet، dramatist، novelist and writer of world-renowned short stories"[21] poetry، drama، novel، short story
1911 Maurice Maeterlinck.jpg موہز میتیالنک  بیلجیمBelgium French "in appreciation of his many-sided literary activities، and especially of his dramatic works، which are distinguished by a wealth of imagination and by a poetic fancy، which reveals، sometimes in the guise of a fairy tale، a deep inspiration، while in a mysterious way they appeal to the readers' own feelings and stimulate their imaginations"[22] drama، poetry، essay
1912 Gerhart Hauptmann nobel.jpg گیرہارٹ ہوپٹمان Germany German "primarily in recognition of his fruitful، varied and outstanding production in the realm of dramatic art"[23] drama، novel
1913 Rabindranath Tagore in 1909.jpg ربندرناتھ ٹیگور  India (formerly British Raj)India (formerly British Raj) Bengali and English "because of his profoundly sensitive، fresh and beautiful verse، by which، with consummate skill، he has made his poetic thought، expressed in his own English words، a part of the literature of the West"[24] poetry، novel، drama، short story، music
1914 Not awarded
1915 Romain Rolland 1915.jpg روماں رولاں سانچہ:Country data French Third RepublicFrance French "as a tribute to the lofty idealism of his literary production and to the sympathy and love of truth with which he has described different types of human beings"[25] novel
1916 Verner von Heidenstam in 1915.jpg  سویڈنSweden Swedish "in recognition of his significance as the leading representative of a new era in our literature"[26] poetry، novel
1917 Karl Gjellerup.jpg کارل ایڈولپھ گیلیروپ  ڈنمارکDenmark Danish "for his varied and rich poetry، which is inspired by lofty ideals"[27] poetry
Henrik Pontoppidan 1917.jpg ہینرک پونٹوپدن  ڈنمارکDenmark Danish "for his authentic descriptions of present-day life in Denmark" novel
1918 Not awarded
1919 Carl Spitteler 1919.jpg کارل سپٹلر  سویٹزرلینڈSwitzerland German "in special appreciation of his epic، Olympian Spring"[28] poetry
1920 Knut Hamsun.jpeg Knut Hamsun  ناروےNorway Norwegian "for his monumental work، Growth of the Soil"[29] novel
1921 Anatole France 1921.jpg اناطولے فرانس سانچہ:Country data French Third RepublicFrance French "in recognition of his brilliant literary achievements، characterized as they are by a nobility of style، a profound human sympathy، grace، and a true Gallic temperament"[30] novel، poetry
1922 Jacinto Benavente y Martinez.jpg کھاسنتو بناوینتے سانچہ:Country data Restoration (Spain)Spain Spanish "for the happy manner in which he has continued the illustrious traditions of the Spanish drama"[31] drama
1923 William Butler Yeats by George Charles Beresford.jpg ولیئم بٹلر ییٹس سانچہ:Country data Irish Free StateIreland English "for his always inspired poetry، which in a highly artistic form gives expression to the spirit of a whole nation"[32] poetry
1924 Władysław Reymont.jpg ولادیسلاو ریمونت سانچہ:Country data Second Polish RepublicPoland Polish "for his great national epic، The Peasants"[33] novel
1925 105x105px جارج برنارڈ شاء  آئرلینڈIreland[34] English "for his work which is marked by both idealism and humanity، its stimulating satire often being infused with a singular poetic beauty"[35] drama، literary criticism
1926 Grazia Deledda 1926.jpg گراسیا دیلیدا  ItalyItaly Italian "for her idealistically inspired writings، which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general"[36] poetry، novel
1927 Bergson-Nobel-photo.jpg ہینری برگسن سانچہ:Country data French Third RepublicFrance French "in recognition of his rich and vitalizing ideas and the brilliant skill with which they have been presented"[37] philosophy
1928 Sigrid Undset crop.jpg  ناروےNorway

(Born in Denmark)

Norwegian "principally for her powerful descriptions of Northern life during the Middle Ages"[38] novel
1929 Thomas Mann 1937.jpg تھامس مان سانچہ:Country data Weimar RepublicGermany German "principally for his great novel، Buddenbrooks، which has won steadily increased recognition as one of the classic works of contemporary literature"[39] novel، short story، essay
1930 Sinclair Lewis 1930.jpg سنکلیئر لئیس  امریکہ English "for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create، with wit and humour، new types of characters"[40] novel، short story، drama
1931 Erik Axel Karlfeldt.jpg ایرک ایکسل کارلپھیلڈٹ  سویڈنSweden Swedish "The poetry of Erik Axel Karlfeldt"[41] poetry
1932 John galsworthy.jpg جوہن گالجوردی  برطانیہ English "for his distinguished art of narration، which takes its highest form in The Forsyte Saga"[42] novel
1933 Ivan Bunin 1933.jpg اعوان بونن سانچہ:Country data French Third RepublicFrance

(Born in Russian Empire)

Russian "for the strict artistry with which he has carried on the classical Russian traditions in prose writing"[43] short story، poetry، novel
1934 Luigi Pirandello 1932.jpg لوئیجی پراندیلو  اٹلیItaly Italian "for his bold and ingenious revival of dramatic and scenic art"[44] drama، novel، short story
1935 Not awarded
1936 Eugene O'Neill 1936.jpg یوجین اونیل  امریکہ English "for the power، honesty and deep-felt emotions of his dramatic works، which embody an original concept of tragedy"[45] drama
1937 Roger Martin du Gard 1937.jpg سانچہ:Country data French Third RepublicFrance French "for the artistic power and truth with which he has depicted human conflict as well as some fundamental aspects of contemporary life in his novel cycle Les Thibault"[46] novel
1938 106x106px پرل ایسّ بکّ  امریکہ English "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces"[47] novel، biography
1939 104x104px فرنس ایمیل سلمپا  فن لینڈFinland Finnish "for his deep understanding of his country's peasantry and the exquisite art with which he has portrayed their way of life and their relationship with Nature"[48] novel
1940 Not awarded
1941 Not awarded
1942 Not awarded
1943 Not awarded
1944 Johannes Vilhelm Jensen 1944.jpg جوہانس ولہیلم جینسن  ڈنمارکDenmark Danish "for the rare strength and fertility of his poetic imagination with which is combined an intellectual curiosity of wide scope and a bold، freshly creative style"[49] poetry
1945 Gabriela Mistral-01 cropped.jpg گابریئیلا مسترال  چلیChile Spanish "for her lyric poetry، which inspired by powerful emotions، has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world"[50] poetry
1946 Hermann Hesse 1946.jpg حرمن ہیسّ  سویٹزرلینڈSwitzerland

(Born in Germany)

German "for his inspired writings، which while growing in boldness and penetration، exemplify the classical humanitarian ideals and high qualities of style"[51] novel، poetry
1947 80x80px آندرے یید سانچہ:Country data French Fourth RepublicFrance French "for his comprehensive and artistically significant writings، in which human problems and conditions have been presented with a fearless love of truth and keen psychological insight"[52] novel، essay
1948 87x87px ٹی ایس ایلیئٹ  برطانیہ

(Born in the United States)

English "for his outstanding، pioneer contribution to present-day poetry"[53] poetry
1949 105x105px ولیئم فاکنر  امریکہ English "for his powerful and artistically unique contribution to the modern American novel"[54] novel، short story
1950 Bertrand Russell transparent bg.png برٹرینڈ رسل  برطانیہ English "in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought"[55] philosophy
1951 Lagerkvist.jpg پار لاگیرکوسٹ  سویڈنSweden Swedish "for the artistic vigour and true independence of mind with which he endeavours in his poetry to find answers to the eternal questions confronting mankind"[56] poetry، novel، short story، drama
1952 97x97px پھرانسوآ موریاک سانچہ:Country data French Fourth RepublicFrance French "for the deep spiritual insight and the artistic intensity with which he has in his novels penetrated the drama of human life"[57] novel، short story
1953 Churchill portrait NYP 45063.jpg ونسٹن چرچل  برطانیہ English "for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values"[58] history، essay، memoirs
1954 ErnestHemingway.jpg ارنیسٹ ہیمنگوے  امریکہ English "for his mastery of the art of narrative، most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea، and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style"[59] novel، short story، screenplay
1955 106x106px ہلڈور لیکسنس  آئس لینڈIceland Icelandic "for his vivid epic power، which has renewed the great narrative art of Iceland"[60] novel، short story، drama، poetry
1956 JRJimenez.JPG خون رمن ہمینیز  سپینSpain Spanish "for his lyrical poetry، which in Spanish language constitutes an example of high spirit and artistical purity"[61] poetry
1957 90x90px البیر کامو سانچہ:Country data French Fourth RepublicFrance

(Born in French Algeria)

French "for his important literary production، which with clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times"[62] novel، short story، drama، philosophy، essay
1958 Boris Pasternak in youth.jpg بورس پاسترناک  سوویت یونین Russian "for his important achievement both in contemporary lyrical poetry and in the field of the great Russian epic tradition"[63] novel، poetry، translation
1959 Salvatore Quasimodo 1959.jpg سالواتورے کواسیمودو  اٹلیItaly Italian "for his lyrical poetry، which with classical fire expresses the tragic experience of life in our own times"[64] poetry
1960 Saint-John Perse 1960.jpg سینٹ-جوہن پرس  فرانس

(Born in Guadeloupe)

French "for the soaring flight and the evocative imagery of his poetry، which in a visionary fashion reflects the conditions of our time"[65] poetry
1961 94x94px ایوو آندرچ  YugoslaviaYugoslavia

(Born in Austria-Hungary)

Serbo-Croatian[66] "for the epic force with which he has traced themes and depicted human destinies drawn from the history of his country"[67] novel، short story
1962 JohnSteinbeck crop.JPG جون سٹائینبیک  امریکہ English "for his realistic and imaginative writings، combining as they do sympathetic humour and keen social perception"[68] novel، short story، screenplay
1963 Giorgos Seferis 1963.jpg جورگوس سیفیرس سانچہ:Country data Kingdom of GreeceGreece

(Born in the Ottoman Empire)

Greek "for his eminent lyrical writing، inspired by a deep feeling for the Hellenic world of culture"[69] poetry، essay، memoirs
1964 Jean-Paul Sartre FP.JPG یاں پال سارتر  فرانس French "for his work، which rich in ideas and filled with the spirit of freedom and the quest for truth، has exerted a far-reaching influence on our age"[70] novel، philosophy، drama، literary criticism، screenplay
1965 Sholokhov-1938.jpg مکھائل شولوکھوو  سوویت یونین Russian "for the artistic power and integrity with which، in his epic of the Don، he has given expression to a historic phase in the life of the Russian people"[71] novel
1966 Agnon.jpg شموئیل یوسف اگنون  اسرائیلIsrael

(Born in Austria-Hungary)

Hebrew "for his profoundly characteristic narrative art with motifs from the life of the Jewish people"[72] novel، short story
Nelly Sachs 1966.jpg نیلی ساکس  سویڈنSweden

(Born in Germany)

German "for her outstanding lyrical and dramatic writing، which interprets Israel's destiny with touching strength" poetry، drama
1967 MiguelAngelAsturias.JPG مگوئیل اینپانی استوریئس  گواتیمالاGuatemala Spanish "for his vivid literary achievement، deep-rooted in the national traits and traditions of Indian peoples of Latin America"[73] novel، poetry
1968 Yasunari Kawabata 1938.jpg یاسوعورت کاواباتا  جاپانJapan Japanese "for his narrative mastery، which with great sensibility expresses the essence of the Japanese mind"[74] novel، short story
1969 87x87px سیموئل بیکٹ سانچہ:Country data Irish Free StateIreland English and French "for his writing، which – in new forms for the novel and drama – in the destitution of modern man acquires its elevation"[75] novel، drama، poetry
1970 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn 1974crop.jpg الیگزینڈر سولزینتسن  سوویت یونین Russian "for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature"[76] novel
1971 Pablo Neruda.jpg پابلو نیرودا  چلیChile Spanish "for a poetry that with the action of an elemental force brings alive a continent's destiny and dreams"[77] poetry
1972 92x92px ہائینرش بل سانچہ:Country data West GermanyWest Germany German "for his writing، which through its combination of a broad perspective on his time and a sensitive skill in characterization has contributed to a renewal of German literature"[78] novel، short story
1973 Patrick White 1973.jpg پیٹرک وائیٹ  آسٹریلیاAustralia

(Born in the United Kingdom)

English "for an epic and psychological narrative art، which has introduced a new continent into literature"[79] novel، short story، drama
1974 Eyvind.JPG Eyvind Johnson  سویڈنSweden Swedish "for a narrative art، farseeing in lands and ages، in the service of freedom"[80] novel
Harry Martinson.jpg Harry Martinson  سویڈنSweden Swedish "for writings that catch the dewdrop and reflect the cosmos" poetry، novel، drama
1975 Eugenio Montale.jpg Eugenio Montale  اٹلیItaly Italian "for his distinctive poetry، which، with great artistic sensitivity، has interpreted human values under the sign of an outlook on life with no illusions"[81] poetry
1976 77x77px Saul Bellow  امریکہ

(Born in Canada)

English "for the human understanding and subtle analysis of contemporary culture that are combined in his work"[82] novel، short story
1977 Vicentealeixandre.jpg Vicente Aleixandre  سپینSpain Spanish "for a creative poetic writing، which illuminates man's condition in the cosmos and in present-day society، at the same time representing the great renewal of the traditions of Spanish poetry between the wars"[83] poetry
1978 100x100px Isaac Bashevis Singer  امریکہ

(Born in Poland)

Yiddish "for his impassioned narrative art which، with roots in a Polish-Jewish cultural tradition، brings universal human conditions to life"[84] novel، short story، memoirs
1979 Odysseas Elytis 1974.jpg Odysseas Elytis  یونانGreece Greek "for his poetry، which، against the background of Greek tradition، depicts with sensuous strength and intellectual clear-sightedness modern man's struggle for freedom and creativeness"[85] poetry، essay
1980 105x105px Czesław Miłosz  پولینڈPoland (born in Lithuania) Polish "who with uncompromising clear-sightedness voices man's exposed condition in a world of severe conflicts"[86] poetry، essay
1981 Elias Canetti 2.jpg Elias Canetti  برطانیہ

(Born in Bulgaria)

German "for writings marked by a broad outlook، a wealth of ideas and artistic power"[87] novel، drama، memoirs، essay
1982 Gabriel Garcia Marquez.jpg Gabriel Garca Mrquez  کولمبیاColombia Spanish "for his novels and short stories، in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination، reflecting a continent's life and conflicts"[88] novel، short story، screenplay
1983 William Golding 1983.jpg William Golding  برطانیہ English "for his novels، which with the perspicuity of realistic narrative art and the diversity and universality of myth، illuminate the human condition in the world of today"[89] novel، poetry، drama
1984 75x75px Jaroslav Seifert سانچہ:Country data CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia

(Born in Austria-Hungary)

Czech "for his poetry، which endowed with freshness، and rich inventiveness provides a liberating image of the indomitable spirit and versatility of man"[90] poetry
1985 Claude Simon 1967.jpg Claude Simon  فرانس

(Born in French Madagascar)

French "who in his novel combines the poet's and the painter's creativeness with a deepened awareness of time in the depiction of the human condition"[91] novel
1986 106x106px Wole Soyinka  نائیجیریاNigeria English "who in a wide cultural perspective and with poetic overtones fashions the drama of existence"[92] drama، novel، poetry
1987 Joseph Brodsky 1988.jpg Joseph Brodsky  امریکہ

(Born in the Soviet Union)

Russian and English "for an all-embracing authorship، imbued with clarity of thought and poetic intensity"[93] poetry، essay
1988 Necip Mahfuz.jpg Naguib Mahfouz  مصرEgypt Arabic "who، through works rich in nuance – now clear-sightedly realistic، now evocatively ambiguous – has formed an Arabian narrative art that applies to all mankind"[94] novel
1989 99x99px Camilo Jos Cela  سپینSpain Spanish "for a rich and intensive prose، which with restrained compassion forms a challenging vision of man's vulnerability"[95] novel، short story
1990 103x103px Octavio Paz  میکسیکوMexico Spanish "for impassioned writing with wide horizons، characterized by sensuous intelligence and humanistic integrity"[96] poetry، essay
1991 Nadine Gordimer 01.JPG Nadine Gordimer  دکھنی افریقہSouth Africa English "who through her magnificent epic writing has – in the words of Alfred Nobel – been of very great benefit to humanity"[97] novel، short story، essay
1992 Derek Walcott.jpg Derek Walcott  سینٹ لوسیاSaint Lucia English "for a poetic oeuvre of great luminosity، sustained by a historical vision، the outcome of a multicultural commitment"[98] poetry، drama
1993 Toni Morrison 2008-2.jpg Toni Morrison  امریکہ English "who in novels characterized by visionary force and poetic import، gives life to an essential aspect of American reality"[99] novel
1994 Oe Kenzaburo 1-2.jpg Kenzaburō Ōe  جاپانJapan Japanese "who with poetic force creates an imagined world، where life and myth condense to form a disconcerting picture of the human predicament today"[100] novel، short story
1995 Seamus Heaney Photograph Edit.jpg Seamus Heaney  آئرلینڈIreland

(Born in Northern Ireland)

English "for works of lyrical beauty and ethical depth، which exalt everyday miracles and the living past"[101] poetry
1996 142x142px Wisława Szymborska  پولینڈPoland Polish "for poetry that with ironic precision allows the historical and biological context to come to light in fragments of human reality"[102] poetry
1997 Dario Fo-Cesena.jpg Dario Fo  اٹلیItaly Italian "who emulates the jesters of the Middle Ages in scourging authority and upholding the dignity of the downtrodden"[103] drama
1998 JSJoseSaramago.jpg Jos Saramago  پرتگالPortugal Portuguese "who with parables sustained by imagination، compassion and irony continually enables us once again to apprehend an elusory reality"[104] novel، drama، poetry
1999 112x112px Gnter Grass  جرمنیGermany German "whose frolicsome black fables portray the forgotten face of history"[105] novel، drama، poetry
2000 Gao Xingjian.jpg Gao Xingjian  فرانس (since 1998)

 چینChina (1940–1998)

Chinese "for an oeuvre of universal validity، bitter insights and linguistic ingenuity، which has opened new paths for the Chinese novel and drama"[106] novel، drama، literary criticism
2001 VS Naipaul 2016 Dhaka.jpg V. S. Naipaul  برطانیہ

(Born in Trinidad & Tobago)

English "for having united perceptive narrative and incorruptible scrutiny in works that compel us to see the presence of suppressed histories"[107] novel، essay
2002 75x75px Imre Kertsz  ہنگریHungary Hungarian "for writing that upholds the fragile experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history"[108] novel
2003 J.M. Coetzee.JPG J. M. Coetzee  آسٹریلیاAustralia (Born in South Africa) English "who in innumerable guises portrays the surprising involvement of the outsider"[109] novel، essay، translation
2004 Elfriede jelinek 2004 small.jpg Elfriede Jelinek  آسٹریاAustria German "for her musical flow of voices and counter-voices in novels and plays that with extraordinary linguistic zeal reveal the absurdity of society's clichs and their subjugating power"[110] novel، drama
2005 Pinterfoto cropped2.jpg Harold Pinter  برطانیہ English "who in his plays uncovers the precipice under everyday prattle and forces entry into oppression's closed rooms"[111] drama، screenplay
2006 Orhan Pamuk 2009 Shankbone.jpg Orhan Pamuk  ترکیTurkey Turkish "who in the quest for the melancholic soul of his native city has discovered new symbols for the clash and interlacing of cultures"[112] novel، screenplay، essay
2007 75x75px Doris Lessing  برطانیہ

(Born in Iran)

English "that epicist of the female experience، who with scepticism، fire and visionary power has subjected a divided civilisation to scrutiny"[113] novel، drama، poetry، short story، memoirs
2008 103x103px J. M. G. Le Clzio  فرانس

 موریشسMauritius

French "author of new departures، poetic adventure and sensual ecstasy، explorer of a humanity beyond and below the reigning civilization"[114] novel، short story، essay، translation
2009 87x87px Herta Mller  جرمنیGermany

(Born in Romania)

German "who، with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose، depicts the landscape of the dispossessed"[115] novel، poetry
2010 Vargas Llosa Madrid 2012.jpg Mario Vargas Llosa  پیروPeru

 سپینSpain

Spanish "for his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual's resistance، revolt، and defeat"[116] novel، short story، essay، drama، memoirs
2011 Transtroemer.jpg Tomas Transtrmer  سویڈنSweden Swedish "because، through his condensed، translucent images، he gives us fresh access to reality"[117] poetry، translation
2012 MoYan Hamburg 2008.jpg Mo Yan  چینChina Chinese "who with hallucinatory realism merges folk tales، history and the contemporary"[118] novel، short story
2013 Alice Munro.jpg Alice Munro  کینیڈاCanada English "master of the contemporary short story"[119] short story
2014 93x93px Patrick Modiano  فرانس French "for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation"[120] novel
2015 Swetlana Alexijewitsch 2013.jpg Svetlana Alexievich  بیلاروسBelarus

(Born in the Soviet Union)

Russian "for her polyphonic writings، a monument to suffering and courage in our time" [121] history، essay
2016 100x100px Bob Dylan  امریکہ English "for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition"[122] poetry، songwriting
2017 Kazuo Ishiguro in Stockholm 2017 02.jpg Kazuo Ishiguro  برطانیہ (born in Japan) English "who، in novels of great emotional force، has uncovered the abyss beneath our illusory sense of connection with the world"[123] novel

حوالے[لکھو]

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  95. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1989". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1989/index.html. 
  96. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1990". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1990/index.html. 
  97. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1991". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1991/index.html. 
  98. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1992". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1992/index.html. 
  99. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1993". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1993/index.html. 
  100. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1994". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1994/index.html. 
  101. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1995". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1995/index.html. 
  102. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1996". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1996/index.html. 
  103. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1997". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1997/index.html. 
  104. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1998". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1998/index.html. 
  105. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1999". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1999/index.html. 
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  111. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2005". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/2005/index.html. 
  112. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2006". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/2006/index.html. 
  113. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2007". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/2007/index.html. 
  114. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2008". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/2008/index.html. 
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  118. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2012". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/2012/. 
  119. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2013". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/2013/. 
  120. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2014". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/2014/. 
  121. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2015". Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/2015/. 
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