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شاہی حکمران اک بادشاہت جو کہ اک طرز حکومت اے دا حکمران ہوندا اے۔

شاہی حکمران بلحاظ دیس[لکھو]

دیس شاہی حکمران توں خاندان قسم جانشینی شاہی جھنڈا حوالہ
سانچہ:Country data Principality of Andorra HE ژوان انریک ویویس سیسیلیا
HE صدر فرانس فرانسوا اولاند[fn 1]
12 مئی 2003
15 مئی 2012
ناقابل اطلاق آئینی دفتری عہدہ [1][2]
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg Antigua and Barbuda HM ایلزبتھ دوم[fn 2] 1 نومبر 1981[fn 3] خاندان ونڈسر[fn 4] آئینی موروثی [3][4]
Flag of Australia.svg Commonwealth of Australia HM ملکہ ایلزبتھ دوم[fn 2] 6 فروری 1952 خاندان ونڈسر[fn 4] آئینی موروثی Royal Standard of Australia [3][5]
Flag of the Bahamas.svg Commonwealth of the Bahamas HM ملکہ ایلزبتھ دوم[fn 2] 10 جولائی 1973[fn 3] خاندان ونڈسر[fn 4] آئینی موروثی [3][6]
Flag of Bahrain.svg Kingdom of Bahrain HM شاہ بحرین حمد بن عیسی آل خلیفہ 6 مارچ 1999[fn 5] آل خلیفہ[fn 6] مخلوط موروثی Royal Standard of Bahrain [7]
Flag of Barbados.svg Barbados HM ملکہ ایلزبتھ II[fn 2] 30 نومبر 1966[fn 3] خاندان ونڈسر[fn 4] آئینی موروثی Royal Standard of Barbados [3][9]
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Kingdom of Belgium HM شاہ فیلیپ 21 جولائی 2013 Saxe-Coburg and Gotha[fn 4] آئینی موروثی Personal Standard of Philippe, King of the Belgians [13]
Flag of Belize.svg Belize HM ملکہ ایلزبتھ دوم[fn 2] 21 ستمبر 1981[fn 3] خاندان ونڈسر[fn 4] آئینی موروثی [3][14]
Flag of Bhutan.svg Kingdom of Bhutan HM شاہ جگمے کھیسر نامگیال وانگچوک 14 دسمبر 2006[fn 7] Wangchuck آئینی موروثی [16]
Flag of Brunei.svg Brunei Darussalam HM سلطان حسن البلقیہ 4 اکتوبر 1967[fn 8] بلقیہ مطلق بادشاہت موروثی [17]
Flag of Cambodia.svg Kingdom of Cambodia HM شاہ نورودوم سیہامونی 14 اکتوبر 2004[fn 9] نورودوم[fn 10] آئینی موروثی اور منتخب[fn 11] Royal Standard of the King of Cambodia [19]
Flag of Canada.svg Canada HM ملکہ ایلزبتھ دوم[fn 2] 6 فروری 1952 خاندان ونڈسر[fn 4] آئینی موروثی Royal Standard of Canada [3][22]
سانچہ:Country data Kingdom of Denmark HM ملکہ مارگریت ثانی 14 جنوری 1972 Glücksburg[fn 12] آئینی موروثی Royal Standard of Denmark [24]
Flag of Grenada.svg Grenada HM ملکہ ایلزبتھ دوم[fn 2] 7 فروری 1974[fn 3] خاندان ونڈسر[fn 4] آئینی موروثی [3][25]
Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica HM ملکہ ایلزبتھ دوم[fn 2] 6 اگست 1962[fn 3] خاندان ونڈسر[fn 4] آئینی موروثی Royal Standard of Jamaica [3][26]
Flag of Japan.svg Japan HIM شہنشاہ آکی ہیتو ساما[fn 13] 7 جنوری 1989[fn 14] Yamato[fn 15] شہنشاہ جاپان موروثی Standard of the Japanese Emperor [28]
Flag of Jordan.svg Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan HM شاہ عبداللہ دوم 7 فروری 1999[fn 16] بنو ھاشم آئینی موروثی[fn 17] Royal Standard of Jordan [34][35]
Flag of Kuwait.svg State of Kuwait HH امیر صباح الاحمد الجابر الصباح 29 جنوری 2006 آل صباح[fn 6] آئینی موروثی اور منتخب[fn 18] [39]
Flag of Lesotho.svg Kingdom of Lesotho HM شاہ لیتسی سوم 7 فروری 1996[fn 19] Moshesh آئینی موروثی اور منتخب Royal Standard of Lesotho [40][41]
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Principality of Liechtenstein HSH شہزادہ ہانس ادام دوم
(ریجنٹ: HSH موروثی شہزادہ ایلوئس)
13 نومبر 1989[fn 20] لیختینستائن آئینی موروثی Royal Standard of the Prince of Liechtenstein [43]
Flag of Luxembourg.svg Grand Duchy of Luxembourg HRH گرینڈ ڈیوک ہنری 7 اکتوبر 2000[fn 21] لکسمبرگ-ناساو[fn 22] آئینی موروثی Royal Standard of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg [45]
Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia HM یانگ دی‌ پرتوان آگونگ عبد الحلیم[fn 23] 13 دسمبر 2011[fn 24] قدح آئینی موروثی اور گردشی[fn 25] Royal Standard of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia [52]
Flag of Monaco.svg Principality of Monaco HSH شہزادہ البیغ دوم 6 اپریل 2005[fn 26] Grimaldi آئینی موروثی Personal Standard of Prince Albert II of Monaco [56]
Flag of Morocco.svg Kingdom of Morocco HM شاہ محمد ششم مراکشی 23 جولائی 1999[fn 27] علوی آئینی موروثی Royal Standard of Morocco [58]
سانچہ:Country data Kingdom of the Netherlands HM شاہ ولیم الیکساندر 30 اپریل 2013 اورنج-نساؤ[fn 28] آئینی موروثی Royal Standard of the Netherlands [61]
New Zealand دا جھنڈا نیوزی لینڈ HM ملکہ ایلزبتھ دوم[fn 2] 6 فروری 1952 خاندان ونڈسر[fn 4] آئینی موروثی Royal Standard of New Zealand [3][62]
Flag of Norway.svg Kingdom of Norway HM شاہ ہارالد پنجم 17 جنوری 1991[fn 29] Glücksburg[fn 12] آئینی موروثی Royal Standard of Norway [63]
Flag of Oman.svg Sultanate of Oman HM سلطان قابوس بن سعید آل سعید 23 جولائی 1970 آل سعید مطلق موروثی Standard of the Sultan of Oman [64][65]
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg Independent State of Papua New Guinea HM ملکہ ایلزبتھ دوم[fn 2] 16 ستمبر 1975[fn 30] خاندان ونڈسر[fn 4] آئینی موروثی [3][66]
Flag of Qatar.svg State of Qatar HH امیر تمیم بن حمد آل ثانی 25 جون 2013 آل ثانی مطلق[fn 31] فہرست امراء قطر [68]
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis HM ملکہ ایلزبتھ دوم[fn 2] 19 ستمبر 1983[fn 3] خاندان ونڈسر[fn 4] آئینی موروثی [3][69]
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg Saint Lucia HM ملکہ ایلزبتھ دوم[fn 2] 22 فروری 1979[fn 3] خاندان ونڈسر[fn 4] آئینی موروثی [3][70]
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg Saint Vincent and the Grenadines HM ملکہ ایلزبتھ دوم[fn 2] 27 اکتوبر 1979[fn 3] خاندان ونڈسر[fn 4] آئینی موروثی [3][71]
سانچہ:Country data Kingdom of Saudi Arabia خادم الحرمین الشریفین شاہ سعودی عرب سلمان بن عبد العزیز آل سعود 23 جنوری 2015 آل سعود مطلق موروثی اور منتخب[fn 32] Royal Standard of Saudi Arabia [73]
Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg Solomon Islands HM ملکہ ایلزبتھ دوم[fn 2] 7 جولائی 1978[fn 3] خاندان ونڈسر[fn 4] آئینی موروثی [3][74]
Flag of Spain.svg Kingdom of Spain HM فہرست ہسپانوی مطلق العنان فیلیپے ششم (ہسپانیہ) 19 جون 2014 خاندان بوربن آئینی موروثی Royal Standard of Spain [75]
Flag of Eswatini.svg Kingdom of Swaziland HM شاہ مسواتی سوم 25 اپریل 1986 Dlamini مطلق موروثی اور منتخب[fn 33] Royal Standard of Swaziland [78]
Flag of Sweden.svg Kingdom of Sweden HM شاہ کارل XVI گوستاف 15 ستمبر 1973[fn 34] Bernadotte آئینی موروثی Royal Standard of Sweden [80]
Flag of Thailand.svg Kingdom of Thailand HM شاہ پھومیپھون ادونیادیت[fn 35] 9 جون 1946[fn 36] Chakri آئینی موروثی Standard of the King of Thailand [85]
Flag of Tonga.svg Kingdom of Tonga HM شاہ توپؤو ششم 18 مارچ 2012 Tupou[fn 37] آئینی موروثی Royal Standard of Tonga [87]
Flag of Tuvalu.svg Tuvalu HM ملکہ ایلزبتھ دوم[fn 2] 1 اکتوبر 1978[fn 3] خاندان ونڈسر[fn 4] آئینی موروثی [3][88]
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg United Arab Emirates HH صدر متحدہ عرب امارات خلیفہ بن زائد آل نہیان 3 نومبر 2004 آل نہیان[fn 38] مخلوط[fn 39] منتخب اور موروثی[fn 40] Standard of the President of the United Arab Emirates [92]
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland HM شاہی حکمران ایلزبتھ دوم[fn 2] 6 فروری 1952[fn 41] خاندان ونڈسر[fn 4] آئینی موروثی Royal Standard of the United Kingdom
Royal Standard of the United Kingdom in Scotland[fn 42]
[3]
Flag of the Vatican City.svg Vatican City State HH پاپائے روم بطریق اعظم فرانسس اول[fn 43] 13 مارچ 2013 N/A بطریق اعظم دفتری عہدہ [94]

باہرلےجوڑ[لکھو]

حوالے[لکھو]

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  2. Constitution of Andorra, Ch. 3.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 Government of the United Kingdom. "The Queen and the Commonwealth". Official website of the British Monarchy. The Royal Household. http://www.royal.gov.uk/MonarchAndCommonwealth/Overview.aspx. Retrieved on 12 اپریل 2010. 
  4. Constitution of Antigua and Barbuda, Art. 68.
  5. Constitution of Australia, Art. 61.
  6. Constitution of the Bahamas, Art. 71.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "The Kingdom of Bahrain: The Constitutional Changes". The Estimate (The International Estimate, Inc.). 22 فروری 2002. http://www.theestimate.com/public/022202b.html. Retrieved on 12 نومبر 2011. 
  8. Alghanim, Salwa (1998). The reign of Mubarak al-Sabah: Shaikh of Kuwait, 1896-1915. I.B.Tauris, 5. ISBN 978-1-86064-350-7. 
  9. Constitution of Barbados, Art. 63.
  10. "The Belgian Monarchy". Government of Belgium, Chancellery of the Prime Minister. p. 11. http://www.belgium.be/en/binaries/280410_monarchie_EN_tcm115-103847.pdf. Retrieved on 28 دسمبر 2012. 
  11. Government of the United Kingdom. "The House of Windsor". Official website of the British Monarchy. The Royal Household. http://www.royal.gov.uk/HistoryoftheMonarchy/KingsandQueensoftheUnitedKingdom/TheHouseofWindsor/TheHouseofWindsor.aspx. Retrieved on 9 دسمبر 2010. 
  12. Herzogliche Hauptverwaltung. "The House of Wettin". Das Herzogliche Haus Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha. The Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha's Family Foundation. http://www.sachsen-coburg-gotha.de/en/?The_Ducal_House:History:The_House_of%26nbsp%3BWettin. Retrieved on 9 دسمبر 2010. 
  13. Government of Belgium. "King Philippe". The Belgian Monarchy. Federal Public Service; Chancery of the Prime Minister. http://www.monarchie.be/royal-family/king-philippe. Retrieved on 22 جولائی 2013. 
  14. Constitution of Belize, Art. 36.
  15. Denyer, Simon (7 نومبر 2008). "Bhutan's Dragon King shows he is man of the people". Reuters (Thomson Reuters). http://uk.reuters.com/article/2008/11/07/us-bhutan-king-idUKTRE4A63BU20081107. Retrieved on 12 نومبر 2011. 
  16. Staff writers (15 دسمبر 2006). "Bhutanese king steps down early". BBC News (British Broadcasting Corporation). http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/6184349.stm. Retrieved on 13 نومبر 2011. 
  17. 17.0 17.1 Government of Brunei. "Prime Minister". The Royal Ark. Office of the Prime Minister. http://www.pmo.gov.bn/pmo1/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=50&Itemid=82. Retrieved on 12 نومبر 2011. 
  18. Chandara, L., Samean, Y., Vachonn, M., Plaut, E., Botumroath, L. and Soenthrith, S. (اکتوبر 2004). "King Norodom Sihamoni's coronation: a special supplement to the Cambodia Daily". The Cambodia Daily. http://www.camnet.com.kh/cambodia.daily/coronation/index.htm. Retrieved on 15 نومبر 2011. 
  19. 19.0 19.1 Government of Cambodia. "The Monarchy". Royal Embassy of Cambodia in the United Kingdom. http://www.cambodianembassy.org.uk/index_main.php?lang=cam_Relations/Cambodia%20-%20Denmark%20Relations%20Update%202010.pdf&mcat=1&menu=16&k=1&menu1=5. Retrieved on 3 دسمبر 2011. 
  20. Corfield, Justin J. (2009). The history of Cambodia. ABC-CLIO, 38. ISBN 978-0-313-35722-0. 
  21. Constitution of Cambodia, Art. 14.
  22. Constitution of Canada, Art. 9.
  23. Adams Woods, Frederick (2009). Mental and Moral Heredity in Royalty. BiblioBazaar, LLC, 225. ISBN 978-1-115-33425-9. 
  24. Government of Denmark. "Her Majesty The Queen of Denmark". The Danish Monarchy. Royal Court of Denmark. http://kongehuset.dk/publish.php?dogtag=k_en_fam_oue. Retrieved on 12 اپریل 2010. 
  25. Constitution of Grenada, Art. 57.
  26. Constitution of Jamaica, Art. 68.
  27. سانچہ:Cite press release
  28. 28.0 28.1 Government of Japan. "Their Majesties the Emperor and Empress". Imperial Household Agency. http://www.kunaicho.go.jp/e-about/activity/activity01.html. Retrieved on 12 اپریل 2010. 
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  30. National Committee of Japanese Historians (1990). Historical studies in Japan VII. Brill Publishers, 151. ISBN 978-4-634-65040-4. 
  31. Seagrave, Sterling (2001). The Yamato Dynasty: The Secret History of Japan's Imperial Family. Broadway Books, 4–10. ISBN 978-0-7679-0497-1. 
  32. MEDEA Institute. "Abdullah II (Jordan)". http://www.medea.be/en/themes/biographies/abc/abdullah-ii-jordan/. Retrieved on 12 نومبر 2011. 
  33. Constitution of Jordan, Art. 28.
  34. Government of Jordan. "His Majesty King Abdullah II". Abdullah II Official Website. The Royal Hashemite Court. http://kingabdullah.jo/index.php/en_US/pages/view/id/148.html. Retrieved on 12 نومبر 2011. 
  35. Government of Jordan. "The Hashemites: Introduction". Office of King Hussein I. The Royal Hashemite Court. http://www.kinghussein.gov.jo/hash_intro.html. Retrieved on 7 دسمبر 2010. 
  36. Constitution of Kuwait, Art. 4.
  37. Cordesman, Anthony H (2007). Gulf military forces in an era of asymmetric wars 2. Greenwood Publishing Group, 111. ISBN 978-0-275-99250-7. : "The royal family, Al Sabah, has two branches—Al Jaber and Al Salem—and has traditionally alternated in ruling Kuwait. This tradition, however, has changed following the death of Jaber Al Sabah [1977–2006]."
  38. (1998) Political Risk Yearbook, 1998. Political Risk Services, 48. ISBN 978-1-85271-371-3. : "The two branches of the Al-Sabah family, the Jabers and the Salems, have traditionally alternated their rule, one providing the emir and the other the crown prince (also serving as prime minister)."
  39. Government of Kuwait. "H.H. Amir Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah". Diwan of the Almiri Court. http://www.da.gov.kw/eng/amir/. Retrieved on 15 نومبر 2011. 
  40. 40.0 40.1 Government of Lesotho. "His Majesty King Letsie III". The Lesotho Monarchy. https://web.archive.org/web/20090626212620/http://www.lesotho.gov.ls/articles/2004/King_Birth_2004/king.html. Retrieved on 28 اپریل 2010. 
  41. Olivier, J. "Basotho in Lesotho". Sesotho Online. Sesotho Online. http://www.sesotho.web.za/lesotho.htm. Retrieved on 7 دسمبر 2010. 
  42. Leistra, Netty. "Furstentum Liechtenstein". Netty's Royalty Page. http://www.nettyroyal.nl/liechtenstein1.html. Retrieved on 7 دسمبر 2010. 
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  44. Image Liechtenstein. "The Principality of Liechtenstein". Portal of the Principality of Liechtenstein. http://www.liechtenstein.li/uploads/media/zahlenfakten-eng_01.pdf. Retrieved on 9 جولائی 2011. 
  45. 45.0 45.1 Government of Luxembourg. "Grand Duke Henri". Press and Information Service. http://www.gouvernement.lu/dossiers/famille_grand_ducale/chregneuk/infobase/cvhenri.html. Retrieved on 11 نومبر 2010. 
  46. "Droits de Succession: Ordre successoral" (in French). Grand Ducal Court of Luxembourg. http://www.monarchie.lu/fr/monarchie/droits-de-succession/index.html. Retrieved on 28 دسمبر 2012. 
  47. Malaysian Administrative Modernisation and Management Planning Unit. "The Yang di-Pertuan Agong". myGovernment. Government of Malaysia. http://www.malaysia.gov.my/EN/Main/MsianGov/YangDiPertuanAgong/Pages/YangdiPertuanAgong.aspx. Retrieved on 4 دسمبر 2011. 
  48. Staff writers (13 دسمبر 2011). "Malaysia crowns 84-year-old sultan". The Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group Ltd). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/malaysia/8952548/Malaysia-crowns-84-year-old-sultan.html. Retrieved on 5 جنوری 2011. 
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  53. Agence France-Presse (20 نومبر 2005). "Prince Albert's Monaco enthronement complete". ABC News Online (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2005/11/20/1510663.htm. Retrieved on 7 دسمبر 2010. 
  54. "Biography". Prince's Palace of Monaco. 2011. http://www.palais.mc/monaco/palais-princier/english/h.s.h.-prince-albert-ii/biography/biography.391.html. Retrieved on 10 دسمبر 2011. 
  55. Sector, Charlotte (6 اپریل 2005). "Playboy Prince Fulfills His Destiny". ABC News (ABC News Internet Ventures). http://abcnews.go.com/International/story?id=645673&page=1. Retrieved on 7 دسمبر 2010. 
  56. "The House of Grimaldi". Infinite Public Relations. http://www.grimaldi.org/. Retrieved on 12 اپریل 2010. 
  57. Staff writers (24 جولائی 1999). "Mohammed VI takes Moroccan throne". BBC News (British Broadcasting Corporation). http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/402712.stm. Retrieved on 15 نومبر 2011. 
  58. Laurenson, John (11 مارچ 2006). "The most powerful man in Morocco". BBC News (British Broadcasting Corporation). http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/from_our_own_correspondent/4794188.stm. Retrieved on 15 نومبر 2011. 
  59. Government of the Netherlands. "Orange and Nassau". The Dutch Royal House. Government Information Service. https://web.archive.org/web/20101124203250/http://koninklijkhuis.nl/english/History/Orange_and_Nassau.html. Retrieved on 9 دسمبر 2010. 
  60. Steinberg, Glenn A. "The Former Ruling House of Lippe, 1939-1945". European Royalty during World War II. The College of New Jersey. http://gsteinbe.intrasun.tcnj.edu/royalty/houses/lippe.htm. Retrieved on 9 دسمبر 2010. 
  61. Government of the Netherlands. "Zijne Majesteit Koning Willem-Alexander" (in Dutch). The Dutch Royal House. Government Information Service. http://www.koninklijkhuis.nl/encyclopedie/wie-is-wie/zijne-majesteit-koning-willem-alexander/. Retrieved on 30 اپریل 2013. 
  62. Constitution Act 1986: Part 1.
  63. 63.0 63.1 Government of Norway. "His Majesty King Harald". Official website of the Royal House of Norway. Royal Court of Norway. http://www.kongehuset.no/c27277/artikkel/vis.html?tid=28731. Retrieved on 7 دسمبر 2010. 
  64. Sultan Qaboos Centre for Islamic Culture. "About H.M the Sultan". Government of Oman, Diwan of the Royal Court. http://sqcic.gov.om/HM.html. Retrieved on 12 نومبر 2011. 
  65. Nyrop, Richard F (2008). Area Handbook for the Persian Gulf States. Wildside Press LLC, 341. ISBN 978-1-4344-6210-7. 
  66. Constitution of Papua New Guinea, Art. 82.
  67. (2006) World and Its Peoples: Arabian Peninsula. Marshall Cavendish, 64. ISBN 978-0-7614-7571-2. 
  68. Government of Qatar. "H.H. The Amir's Biography". Diwan of the Amiri Court. http://www.diwan.gov.qa/english/the_amir/the_amir_cv.htm. Retrieved on 12 نومبر 2011. 
  69. Constitution of Saint Kitts and Nevis, Art. 51.
  70. Constitution of Saint Lucia, Art. 59.
  71. Constitution of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Art. 50.
  72. Cordesman, Anthony H (2009). Saudi Arabia: national security in a troubled region. ABC-CLIO, 9. ISBN 978-0-313-38076-1. : "In اکتوبر 2006, King Abdullah issued a new succession law that amended the 1992 Basic Law and formalized the process by creating the Allegiance Commission. The new law both defines how a king will choose among possible candidates and provides a formal way for developing a consensus to choose the king's successor. The Allegiance Commission will select a king and crown prince upon the death or incapacitation of either. This commission expands the role of the ruling family in the selection process. ... It is composed of some 35 sons and grandsons of the late founder of the Kingdom, عبدالعزیز ابن سعود, who will vote in secret ballots on who could and could not be eligible to be future kings and crown princes."
  73. "Saudi Arabia's King Abdullah dies". BBC News. 23 جنوری 2015. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-30945324. Retrieved on 23 جنوری 2015. 
  74. Constitution of Solomon Islands, Art. 1.
  75. The Royal Household of His Majesty the King. "His Majesty the King Juan Carlos". The Royal Household of His Majesty the King. http://www.casareal.es/ES/FamiliaReal/rey/Paginas/subhome_rey.aspx. Retrieved on 3 جون 2014. 
  76. Marwick, Brian Allan (1940). The Swazi: an ethnographic account of the natives of the Swaziland Protectorate. Cambridge University Press, 5–75. 
  77. Rubin, N.N. (28 جولائی 2009). "The Swazi Law of Succession: A Restatement". Journal of African Law (Cambridge University Press) 9 (2): 90–113. doi:10.1017/S0021855300001108. 
  78. Simelane, H.S. (2005), "Swaziland: Mswati III, Reign of", in Shillington, Kevin, Encyclopedia of African history 3, Fitzroy Dearborn, pp. 1528–30, 9781579584559 
  79. Government of Sweden (19 ستمبر 1973). "Kungl Maj:ts kungörelse (1973:702)". Department of Justice. http://62.95.69.15/cgi-bin/thw?${HTML}=sfst_lst&${OOHTML}=sfst_dok&${SNHTML}=sfst_err&${BASE}=SFST&${TRIPSHOW}=format=THW&BET=1973:702$. Retrieved on 12 جون 2010. 
  80. Government of Sweden. "H.M. King Carl XVI Gustaf" (in Swedish). Sveriges Kungahus. Information and Press Department. http://www.royalcourt.se/royalcourt/royalfamily/hmkingcarlxvigustaf.4.396160511584257f218000644.html. Retrieved on 7 دسمبر 2010. 
  81. "The Bond between His Majesty the King and the People". Father of the Land. National News Bureau of Thailand. 2009. http://thainews.prd.go.th/newsenglish/king/king/king38.html. Retrieved on 7 دسمبر 2010. 
  82. Cummins, Peter (5 دسمبر 2004). "His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej The Great: Monarch of Peace and Unity". Chiangmai Mail (Chiangmai Mail Publishing Co. Ltd). http://www.chiangmai-mail.com/111/special.shtml. Retrieved on 7 دسمبر 2010. 
  83. Jones, Constance (2007). Encyclopedia of Hinduism. Infobase Publishing, 443. ISBN 978-0-8160-5458-9. 
  84. "His Majesty the King Ascends the Throne". Father of the Land. National News Bureau of Thailand. 2009. http://thainews.prd.go.th/newsenglish/king/king/king36.html. Retrieved on 7 دسمبر 2010. 
  85. "The Illustrious Chakri Family". Mahidol University. http://www.mahidol.ac.th/thailand/chakri.html. Retrieved on 28 اپریل 2010. 
  86. Government of Tonga (28 جولائی 2008). "Geneologyسانچہ:Sic of King Tupou VI". Office of the Lord Chamberlain. https://web.archive.org/web/20100824193544/https://www.pmo.gov.to/geneology-of-king-george-tupou-v.html. Retrieved on 9 دسمبر 2010. 
  87. 87.0 87.1 Government of Tonga. "Tu'i Kanokupolu". Palace Office. http://www.palaceoffice.gov.to/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=68&Itemid=81. Retrieved on 12 نومبر 2011. 
  88. Constitution of Tuvalu, Art. 48.
  89. Shoup, John A (2009). Saudi Arabia and the Gulf Arab States Today: A-J. Greenwood Publishing Group, 323. ISBN 978-0-313-34444-2. . "The Al Nahyan ... are a branch of the Al Bu Falah tribe of the Bani Yas confederation, and although they have been a small section of the tribe, the Al Nahyan have traditionally provided the paramount shaykh for the confederation."
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ملاحظے[لکھو]

  1. The president of France and the bishop of Urgell each hold the position of co-prince of Andorra, but there is no personal title attached to the role.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 Elizabeth II is currently ملکہ of sixteen separate Commonwealth realms (see separate entries), and has previously reigned as queen of sixteen other countries, which have since abolished the monarchy.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 Elizabeth II previously reigned over this country as Queen of the United Kingdom, from 6 فروری 1952 until the nation's independence and the creation of a separate crown.
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 The royal family of Belgium and the House of Windsor are both lines of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha,[10][11] which is a branch of the House of Wettin.[12]
  5. Hamad ibn Isa reigned as Amir of the State of Bahrain until 14 فروری 2002, when he assumed the new title of King of Bahrain under a new Constitution.[7]
  6. 6.0 6.1 A clan of the Utub tribe.[8]
  7. Coronation took place 6 نومبر 2008.[15]
  8. Coronation took place 1 اگست 1968.[17]
  9. Coronation took place 29 اکتوبر 2004.[18]
  10. A branch of the Varman dynasty. The surname "Norodom" is used by the descendants of Norodom I.[19][20]
  11. The king is selected for life by the Royal Council of the Throne from amongst the male descendants of kings Ang Duong, Norodom, and Sisowath.[21]
  12. 12.0 12.1 Officially the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, which is a branch of the House of Oldenburg.[23]
  13. "Akihito" is the current emperor's given name, but it is not his regnal name, and he is never referred to as this in Japanese. The era of Akihito's reign bears the name "Heisei", and according to custom he will be renamed "Emperor Heisei" following his death.[27]
  14. Coronation took place 12 نومبر 1990.[28]
  15. The Japanese emperor does not have a family name.[29][30] The use of the name "Yamato" for the household derives from the ancient Yamato Court.[31] It is used often as a name for the imperial dynasty, but has no official basis.
  16. Formally enthroned on 9 جون 1999.[32]
  17. Succession is based upon primogeniture. However, the reigning king may also select his successor from among eligible princes.[33]
  18. The heir is appointed by the reigning emir, and the nomination must also be approved by a majority of members in the National Assembly.[36] The throne is also traditionally alternated between the two main branches of the Al Sabah family: the Al Salem and Al Jaber.[37][38] The current emir is of the Al Jaber branch.
  19. Coronation took place 31 اکتوبر 1997. Has previously reigned as king from 12 نومبر 1990 until 25 جنوری 1995.[40]
  20. Formally enthroned on 15 اگست 1990.[42] Prior to his accession, Hans-Adam had served as prince regent since 26 اگست 1984.[43] On 15 اگست 2004, the prince formally appointed his son Prince Alois as regent, in preparation for his succession to the throne, but remained head of state in accordance with the constitution.[44]
  21. Prior to formal enthronement, Henri had served as prince regent since 4 مارچ 1998.[45]
  22. The royal family of Luxembourg are members of the House of Nassau-Weilburg,[46] descended from the House of Nassau and the Parma branch of the خاندان بوربن.
  23. Official title: Yang di-Pertuan Agong. It roughly translates as "Supreme Head of State", and is commonly rendered in English as "King".[47]
  24. Elected in اکتوبر 2011. Term of office started on 13 دسمبر 2011.[48] Abdul Halim has previously reigned as king from 21 ستمبر 1970 to 20 ستمبر 1975;[49] he is the first sultan to hold the throne twice.[50]
  25. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is elected to a five-year term by and from amongst the nine hereditary rulers of the جزیرہ نما ملائیشیا, who form the Council of Rulers. The position has to date been, by informal agreement, systematically rotated between the nine; the order was originally based on یانگ دی‌ پرتوان آگونگ.[51]
  26. Albert II was formally enthroned as prince in a two-part ceremony, in accordance with tradition, on 12 جولائی and 19 نومبر 2005.[53][54] He had previously been serving as regent since 31 مارچ 2005.[55]
  27. Coronation took place 30 جولائی 1999.[57]
  28. The Dutch royal family is descended from the Houses of Nassau and Lippe. [59][60]
  29. Formally enthroned on 21 جنوری 1991, and consecrated on 23 جون 1991. Prior to his accession, Harald had served as prince regent since 1 جون 1990.[63]
  30. Elizabeth II previously reigned over Papua New Guinea as Queen of Australia, from 6 فروری 1952 until the nation's independence and the creation of a separate crown.
  31. Monarchy is constitutional by law, but remains مطلق in practice.[67]
  32. Succession is determined by consensus within the House of Saud as to who will be Crown Prince. This consensus may change depending on the Crown Prince's actions.[72]
  33. Succession is subject to customary law, and does not follow primogeniture. A council of elders selects who among the reigning king's wives will be mother of the next king. This woman will succeed as Ndlovukati upon her son's ascension to throne, and will rule alongside him for the duration of his reign. The king's first two wives are considered ineligible.[76][77]
  34. Formally enthroned on 19 ستمبر 1973.[79]
  35. Name is also written as Phumiphon Adunyadet. He is also styled Rama IX,[81] and is publicly acclaimed "the Great".[82][83] Thais refer to him as "Nai Luang" or "Phra Chao Yu Hua".[حوالہ درکار]
  36. Coronation took place 5 May 1950.[84]
  37. A line of the Tuʻi Kanokupolu dynasty.[86][87]
  38. The Al Nahyan are a branch of the Al Falahi, a clan of the Yas tribe.[89]
  39. The فہرست وزرائے اعظم متحدہ عرب امارات is the head of the government. However, with the consent of the Supreme Council, the office is appointed by the President, who retains considerable power.[90]
  40. According to the Constitution, the President of the United Arab Emirates is elected by the Federal Supreme Council from among the individual rulers of the seven emirates.[90] However, by informal agreement the Presidency is always passed to the head of the Al Nahyan clan, the Emir of Abu Dhabi (see constituent monarchs), which makes it a de facto hereditary position. In addition, the appointed Prime Minister has always been the head of the Al Maktoum clan and Emir of Dubai.[91]
  41. Coronation took place 2 جون 1953.[93]
  42. Lower flag is for use in Scotland only, upper flag is used in England, Northern Ireland and Wales.
  43. As بطریق اعظم, by virtue of being بطریق اعظم.