موجودہ خودمختار شاہی حکمراناں دی لسٹ

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شاہی حکمران اک بادشاہت جو کہ اک طرز حکومت اے دا حکمران ہوندا اے۔

شاہی حکمران بلحاظ دیس[لکھو]

دائرہ اثر / مملکت تصویر شاہی حکمران
(پیدائش)
از طوالت خاندان قسم ولی عہد flag حوالہ جات
سانچہ:Country data Principality of Andorra Emmanuel Macron (cropped).jpg شریک شہزادہ امینیول میکخواں[fn 1]
(پ۔ 1977)
14 مئی 2017 سانچہ:Age in years and days nts N/A آئینی عہدیدار [1][2]
Mons. Vives (30612833490).jpg شریک شہزادہ صدر اسقف (آرچ بشپ) ژوان انریک ویویس سیسیلیا[fn 1]
(پ۔ 1949)
12 مئی 2003 سانچہ:Age in years and days nts
 انٹیگوا تے باربودا Queen Elizabeth II on 3 June 2019.jpg ملکہ ایلزبتھ دوم[fn 2]
(پ۔ 1926)
1 نومبر 1981[fn 3] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts خاندان ونڈسر[fn 4] آئینی چارلس، پرنس آف ویلز Royal Standard BR Commonwealth [3][4]
 Commonwealth of Australia 6 فروری 1952 سانچہ:Age in years and days nts آئینی Royal Standard of Australia [3][5]
 Commonwealth of the Bahamas 10 جولائی 1973[fn 3] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts آئینی Royal Standard BR Commonwealth [3][6]
 بارباڈوس 30 نومبر 1966[fn 3] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts آئینی Royal Standard of Barbados
 بیلیز 21 ستمبر 1981[fn 3] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts آئینی Royal Standard BR Commonwealth [3][7]
 کینیڈا 6 فروری 1952 سانچہ:Age in years and days nts آئینی Royal Standard of Canada [3][8]
 گریناڈا 7 فروری 1974[fn 3] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts آئینی Royal Standard BR Commonwealth [3][9]
 جمیکا 6 اگست 1962[fn 3] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts آئینی Royal Standard of Jamaica [3][10]
سانچہ:Flag تصویر نیوزی لینڈ قلمرو 6 فروری 1952 سانچہ:Age in years and days nts آئینی Royal Standard of New Zealand [3][11]
 Independent State of Papua New Guinea 16 ستمبر 1975[fn 5] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts آئینی Royal Standard BR Commonwealth [3][12]
 Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis 19 ستمبر 1983[fn 3] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts آئینی Royal Standard BR Commonwealth [3][13]
 سینٹ لوسیا 22 فروری 1979[fn 3] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts آئینی Royal Standard BR Commonwealth [3][14]
 سینٹ وینسینٹ تےگریناڈائنز 27 اکتوبر 1979[fn 3] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts آئینی Royal Standard BR Commonwealth [3][15]
 جزائر سلیمان 7 جولائی 1978[fn 3] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts آئینی Royal Standard BR Commonwealth [3][16]
 ٹووالو 1 اکتوبر 1978[fn 3] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts آئینی Royal Standard BR Commonwealth [3][17]
 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 6 فروری 1952[fn 6] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts آئینی Royal Standard of the United Kingdom
Royal Standard of the United Kingdom in Scotland[fn 7]
[3]
 Kingdom of Bahrain Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa April 2016.jpg شاہ حمد بن عیسی آل خلیفہ
(پ۔ 1950)
6 مارچ 1999[fn 8] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts آل خلیفہ[fn 9] مخلوط سلمان، ولی عہد بحرین Royal Standard of Bahrain [19]
 Kingdom of Belgium King Philippe of Belgium (Belgian National Day, 2018).jpg شاہ فیلیپ شاہ بلجئیم
(پ۔ 1960)
21 جولائی 2013 سانچہ:Age in years and days nts ساکس کوبرگ و گوتھا خاندان[fn 4] آئینی شہزادی الزبتھ، برابنٹ کی ڈچیس[fn 10] Personal Standard of Philippe, King of the Belgians [24]
 Kingdom of Bhutan King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (edit).jpg شاہ جگمے کھیسر نامگیال وانگچوک
(پ۔ 1980)
14 دسمبر 2006[fn 11] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts خاندان وانگچوک آئینی جگمے نامگیال وانگچوک [26]
 Brunei Darussalam Sultan of Brunei Hassanal Bolkiah (cropped).jpg سلطان حسن البلقیہ
(پ۔ 1946)
4 اکتوبر 1967[fn 12] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts خاندان بلقیہ مطلق العنان بادشاہت المہتدی باللہ البلقیہ Royal Standard of the Sultan of Brunei [27]
 Kingdom of Cambodia King Norodom Sihamoni.jpg شاہ نورودوم سیہامونی
(پ۔ 1953)
14 اکتوبر 2004[fn 13] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts نورودوم خاندان[fn 14] آئینی موروثی اور اختیاری[fn 15] Royal Standard of the King of Cambodia [29]
 Kingdom of Denmark Drottning Margrethe av Danmark crop.jpg ملکہ مارگریت ثانی
(پ۔ 1940)
14 جنوری 1972 سانچہ:Age in years and days nts خاندان گلوکسبورگ[fn 16] آئینی فریڈرک، ولی عہد ڈنمارک Royal Standard of Denmark [33]
سانچہ:Country data Eswatini King Mswati III 2014.jpg شاہ مسواتی سوم
(پ۔ 1968)
25 اپریل 1986 سانچہ:Age in years and days nts Dlamini مطلق موروثی اور اختیاری[fn 17] Royal Standard of Eswatini [36]
 جاپان Emperor Naruhito at TICAD7 (cropped).jpg شہنشاہ ناروہیتو[fn 18]
(پ۔ 1960)
1 مئی 2019[fn 19] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts یاماتو شاہی سلسلہ[fn 20] شہنشاہ جاپان فومی ہیتو، شہزادہ آکی شینو Standard of the Japanese Emperor [42]
 Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Abdullah II 2017.jpg شاہ عبد اللہ دوم
(پ۔ 1962)
7 فروری 1999[fn 21] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts ہاشمی شاہی سلسلہ آئینی موروثی اور اختیاری (مملنہ حسین بن عبد اللہ دوم)[fn 22] Royal Standard of Jordan [45][46]
 State of Kuwait Secretary Kerry meets with Amir of Kuwait (2) (cropped).jpg امیر صباح الاحمد الجابر الصباح
(پ۔ 1929)
29 جنوری 2006 سانچہ:Age in years and days nts آل صباح[fn 9] آئینی موروثی اور اختیاری[fn 23] [50]
 Kingdom of Lesotho Letsie III.jpg شاہ لیتسی سوم
(پ۔ 1963)
7 فروری 1996[fn 24] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts موشیش آئینی لیروتھولی سیئسو Royal Standard of Lesotho [51][52]
 Principality of Liechtenstein Ιωάννης Αδάμ Β΄ του Λίχτενσταϊν.jpg پرنس ریجنٹ ہانس ادام دوم
(پ۔ 1945)
(ریجنٹ: ایلوئس، موروثی شہزادہ لیختینستائن)
13 نومبر 1989[fn 25] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts Liechtenstein آئینی The Hereditary Prince Alois (currently Prince Regent) Royal Standard of the Prince of Liechtenstein [54]
 Grand Duchy of Luxembourg OSCE PA President George Tsereteli and the Grand Duke of Luxembourg CROPPED Henri.jpg گرینڈ ڈیوک ہنری، گرینڈ ڈیوک لکسمبرگ
(پ۔ 1955)
7 اکتوبر 2000[fn 26] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts Luxembourg-Nassau[fn 27] آئینی Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg [56]
 ملائشیا Sultan Abdullah Pahang 01.png یانگ دی‌ پرتوان آگونگ عبد اللہ رعایہ الدین[fn 28]
(پ۔ 1959)
31 جنوری 2019[fn 29] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts پاہانگ آئینی منتخب (ممکنہ طور پر یانگ دی‌ پرتوان آگونگ، نظرین معزالدین شاہ)[fn 30] Royal Standard of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia [62]
 Principality of Monaco Prince Albert II 2016.jpg خود مختار پرنس البیغ دوم، شہزادہ موناکو
(پ۔ 1958)
6 اپریل 2005[fn 31] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts خاندان گریمالڈی آئینی جیک، موناکو کا موروثی شہزادہ Personal Standard of Prince Albert II of Monaco [66]
 Kingdom of Morocco King Mohammed VI.jpg شاہ محمد ششم مراکشی
(پ۔ 1963)
23 جولائی 1999[fn 32] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts علوی شاہی سلسلہ آئینی مولای حسن، ولی عہد مراکش Royal Standard of Morocco [68]
سانچہ:Country data Kingdom of the Netherlands King Willem-Alexander in Hamburg.jpg شاہ ولیم الیکساندر
(پ۔ 1967)
30 اپریل 2013 سانچہ:Age in years and days nts خاندان اورانئے-ناساو[fn 33] آئینی کاتارینا-امالیا، اورانئے کی شہزادی Royal Standard of the Netherlands [71]
 Kingdom of Norway Harald V en 2018 (cropped).jpg شاہ ہارالد پنجم
(پ۔ 1937)
17 جنوری 1991[fn 34] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts خاندان گلوکسبورگ[fn 16] آئینی ہوکون، ولی عہد ناروے Royal Standard of Norway [72]
 Sultanate of Oman Secretary Pompeo Meets with the Sultan of Oman Haitham bin Tariq Al Said (49565463757) (cropped).jpg سلطان ہیثم بن طارق
(پ۔ 1954)
11 جنوری 2020 سانچہ:Age in years and days nts آل سعید مطلق موروثی (ممکنہ ذی یزن بن ہیثم) Standard of the Sultan of Oman [73][74]
 State of Qatar Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani 2015.jpg امیر تمیم بن حمد آل ثانی
(پ۔ 1980)
25 جون 2013 سانچہ:Age in years and days nts آل ثانی مخلوط[fn 35] عبد اللہ بن حمد آل ثانی [76]
سانچہ:Country data Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Salman of Saudi Arabia - 2020 (49563590728) (cropped).jpg شاہ سلمان بن عبدالعزیز آل سعود
(پ۔ 1935)
23 جنوری 2015 سانچہ:Age in years and days nts آل سعود مطلق محمد بن سلمان آل سعود[fn 36] Royal Standard of Saudi Arabia [78]
 Kingdom of Spain 2019-05-30 Felipe VI Karlspreis 2019-5881.jpg شاہ فیلیپے ششم (ہسپانیہ)
(پ۔ 1968)
19 جون 2014 سانچہ:Age in years and days nts خاندان بوربن آئینی لیونور، آستوریاس کی شہزادی Royal Standard of Spain [79]
 Kingdom of Sweden Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden in 2019-2.jpg شاہ کارل شانزدہم گوستاف
(پ۔ 1946)
15 ستمبر 1973[fn 37] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts خاندان بینادوت آئینی وکٹوریہ، سویڈن کی ولی عہد شہزادی Royal Standard of Sweden [81]
 Kingdom of Thailand King Rama X official (crop).png شاہ وجی رالونگ کورن[fn 38]
(پ۔ 1952)
13 اکتوبر 2016[fn 39] سانچہ:Age in years and days nts چکری شاہی سلسلہ آئینی دیپانگ کورن رسمیجوتی Standard of the King of Thailand [86]
 Kingdom of Tonga Kingtupoucropped.jpg شاہ توپؤو ششم
(پ۔ 1959)
18 مارچ 2012 سانچہ:Age in years and days nts توپؤو[fn 40] آئینی توپؤوتوا اولوکالالا Royal Standard of Tonga [88]
 متحدہ عرب امارات Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan-CROPPED.jpg صدر خلیفہ بن زاید آل نہیان
(پ۔ 1948)
3 نومبر 2004 سانچہ:Age in years and days nts آل نہیان[fn 41] مخلوط[fn 42] Elective and hereditary[fn 43] Standard of the President of the United Arab Emirates [92]
 Vatican City State Franciscus in 2015.jpg پاپائے روم پوپ فرانسس[fn 44]
(پ۔ 1936)
13 مارچ 2013 سانچہ:Age in years and days nts N/A پوپ پاپائی جلسۂ انتخاب Palazzo Farnese flag of the Papacy.svg [93]

باہرلےجوڑ[لکھو]

حوالے[لکھو]

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  58. Malaysian Administrative Modernisation and Management Planning Unit. "The Yang di-Pertuan Agong". myGovernment. Government of Malaysia. http://webarchive.loc.gov/all/20111221044252/http%3A//www.malaysia.gov.my/EN/Main/MsianGov/YangDiPertuanAgong/Pages/YangdiPertuanAgong.aspx. Retrieved on 4 دسمبر 2011. 
  59. "Malaysia elects new king after unprecedented abdication". BBC News. 24 جنوری 2019. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-46968700. 
  60. "Sultan of Pahang to ascend throne as new Malaysian king". Channel NewsAsia (سنگاپور). 31 جنوری 2019. https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asia/sultan-of-pahang-ascends-the-throne-as-new-malaysian-king-11188432. 
  61. National Library of Malaysia. "Election of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong and Timbalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong". Government of Malaysia. http://www.malaysianmonarchy.org.my/malaysianmonarchy/?q=en/electionydpa. Retrieved on 4 دسمبر 2011. 
  62. National Library of Malaysia. "Yang di-Pertuan Agong XIV". Government of Malaysia. http://www.malaysianmonarchy.org.my/malaysianmonarchy/?q=en/ydpa14. Retrieved on 5 جنوری 2011. 
  63. Agence France-Presse (20 نومبر 2005). "Prince Albert's Monaco enthronement complete". ABC News Online (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2005/11/20/1510663.htm. Retrieved on 7 دسمبر 2010. 
  64. "Biography". Prince's Palace of Monaco. 2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20131115190516/http://www.palais.mc/monaco/palais-princier/english/h.s.h.-prince-albert-ii/biography/biography.391.html. Retrieved on 10 دسمبر 2011. 
  65. Sector, Charlotte (6 اپریل 2005). "Playboy Prince Fulfills His Destiny". ABC News (ABC News Internet Ventures). http://abcnews.go.com/International/story?id=645673&page=1. Retrieved on 7 دسمبر 2010. 
  66. "The House of Grimaldi". Infinite Public Relations. http://www.grimaldi.org/. Retrieved on 12 اپریل 2010. 
  67. Staff writers (24 جولائی 1999). "Mohammed VI takes Moroccan throne". BBC News (British Broadcasting Corporation). http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/402712.stm. Retrieved on 15 نومبر 2011. 
  68. Laurenson, John (11 مارچ 2006). "The most powerful man in Morocco". BBC News (British Broadcasting Corporation). http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/from_our_own_correspondent/4794188.stm. Retrieved on 15 نومبر 2011. 
  69. Government of the Netherlands. "Orange and Nassau". The Dutch Royal House. Government Information Service. https://web.archive.org/web/20101124203250/http://koninklijkhuis.nl/english/History/Orange_and_Nassau.html. Retrieved on 9 دسمبر 2010. 
  70. Steinberg, Glenn A. "The Former Ruling House of Lippe, 1939–1945". European Royalty during World War II. The College of New Jersey. https://web.archive.org/web/20100715064130/http://gsteinbe.intrasun.tcnj.edu/royalty/houses/lippe.htm. Retrieved on 9 دسمبر 2010. 
  71. Government of the Netherlands. "Zijne Majesteit Koning Willem-Alexander" (in Dutch). The Dutch Royal House. Government Information Service. http://www.koninklijkhuis.nl/encyclopedie/wie-is-wie/zijne-majesteit-koning-willem-alexander/. Retrieved on 30 اپریل 2013. 
  72. 72.0 72.1 Government of Norway. "His Majesty King Harald". Official website of the Royal House of Norway. Royal Court of Norway. http://www.kongehuset.no/c27277/artikkel/vis.html?tid=28731. Retrieved on 7 دسمبر 2010. 
  73. Sultan Qaboos Centre for Islamic Culture. "About H.M the Sultan". Government of Oman, Diwan of the Royal Court. https://web.archive.org/web/20120118223700/http://sqcic.gov.om/HM.html. Retrieved on 12 نومبر 2011. 
  74. Nyrop, Richard F (2008). Area Handbook for the Persian Gulf States. Wildside Press LLC, 341. ISBN 978-1-4344-6210-7. 
  75. (2006) World and Its Peoples: Arabian Peninsula. Marshall Cavendish, 64. ISBN 978-0-7614-7571-2. 
  76. Government of Qatar. "H.H. The Amir's Biography". Amiri Diwan. https://www.diwan.gov.qa/leadership/hh-the-amir. Retrieved on 18 فروری 2018. 
  77. Cordesman, Anthony H (2009). Saudi Arabia: national security in a troubled region. ABC-CLIO, 9. ISBN 978-0-313-38076-1.  "In اکتوبر 2006, King Abdullah issued a new succession law that amended the 1992 Basic Law and formalized the process by creating the Allegiance Commission. The new law both defines how a king will choose among possible candidates and provides a formal way for developing a consensus to choose the king's successor. The Allegiance Commission will select a king and crown prince upon the death or incapacitation of either. This commission expands the role of the ruling family in the selection process. … It is composed of some 35 sons and grandsons of the late founder of the Kingdom, عبد العزیز بن عبد الرحمن آل سعود، who will vote in secret ballots on who could and could not be eligible to be future kings and crown princes."
  78. "Saudi Arabia's King Abdullah dies". بی بی سی نیوز. 23 جنوری 2015. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-30945324. Retrieved on 23 جنوری 2015. 
  79. The Royal Household of His Majesty the King. "His Majesty the King Juan Carlos". The Royal Household of His Majesty the King. http://www.casareal.es/ES/FamiliaReal/rey/Paginas/subhome_rey.aspx. Retrieved on 3 جون 2014. 
  80. Government of Sweden (19 ستمبر 1973). "Kungl Maj:ts kungörelse (1973:702)". Department of Justice. https://web.archive.org/web/20120219105931/http://62.95.69.15/cgi-bin/thw?%24%7BHTML%7D=sfst_lst&%24%7BOOHTML%7D=sfst_dok&%24%7BSNHTML%7D=sfst_err&%24%7BBASE%7D=SFST&%24%7BTRIPSHOW%7D=format%3DTHW&BET=1973%3A702%24. Retrieved on 12 جون 2010. 
  81. Government of Sweden. "H.M. King Carl XVI Gustaf" (in Swedish). Sveriges Kungahus. Information and Press Department. http://www.royalcourt.se/royalcourt/royalfamily/hmkingcarlxvigustaf.4.396160511584257f218000644.html. Retrieved on 7 دسمبر 2010. 
  82. "Thai Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn proclaimed king". BBC News. دسمبر 1, 2016. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-38168912. 
  83. 83.0 83.1 Charuvastra, Teeranai (نومبر 29, 2016). "Prince Vajiralongkorn Proclaimed King Rama X". Khao Sod (بینکاک). http://www.khaosodenglish.com/politics/2016/11/29/prince-vajiralongkorn-crowned-king-rama-x/. 
  84. "Thailand's King Vajiralongkorn crowned". BBC News. مئی 4, 2019. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-48101877. 
  85. "Thai king coronation: Sacred water, royal regalia and a housewarming party". BBC News. مئی 3, 2019. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-47931922. 
  86. "The Illustrious Chakri Family". Mahidol University. https://web.archive.org/web/20090201152646/http://mahidol.ac.th/thailand/chakri.html. Retrieved on 28 اپریل 2010. 
  87. Government of Tonga (28 جولائی 2008). "Geneology of King Tupou VI". Office of the Lord Chamberlain. https://web.archive.org/web/20100824193544/https://www.pmo.gov.to/geneology-of-king-george-tupou-v.html. Retrieved on 9 دسمبر 2010. 
  88. 88.0 88.1 Government of Tonga. "Tu'i Kanokupolu". Palace Office. https://web.archive.org/web/20111130040342/http://www.palaceoffice.gov.to/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=68&Itemid=81. Retrieved on 12 نومبر 2011. 
  89. Shoup, John A (2009). Saudi Arabia and the Gulf Arab States Today: A-J. Greenwood Publishing Group, 323. ISBN 978-0-313-34444-2. ۔ "The Al Nahyan … are a branch of the Al Bu Falah tribe of the Bani Yas confederation, and although they have been a small section of the tribe, the Al Nahyan have traditionally provided the paramount shaykh for the confederation."
  90. 90.0 90.1 Constitution of the United Arab Emirates, Art. 51 & 54.
  91. Noack, Sascha (2007). Doing Business in Dubai and the United Arab Emirates. GRIN Verlag, 16. ISBN 978-3-638-79766-5. 
  92. Rosenthal, Laurie (12 جون 2006). "Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan". The Nation (Katrina vanden Heuvel). https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=R0wzAAAAIBAJ&sjid=AyUMAAAAIBAJ&dq=khalifa%20bin%20zayed%202004&pg=3221%2C8759353. 
  93. "Argentina's Jorge Mario Bergoglio elected Pope". بی بی سی نیوز. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-21777494. Retrieved on 13 مارچ 2013. 

ملاحظے[لکھو]

  1. 1.0 1.1 The president of France and the bishop of اورجیل each hold the position of co-prince of Andorra، but there is no personal title attached to the role.
  2. سائیٹ غلطی:ناں منیا جان والا <ref> ٹیگ کوئی لکھت نئیں دتی گئی اتے پتے Eliza لئی۔
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 Elizabeth II previously reigned over this country as Queen of the United Kingdom، from 6 فروری 1952 until the nation's independence and the creation of a separate crown.
  4. 4.0 4.1 The royal family of Belgium and the House of Windsor are both lines of the ساکس کوبرگ و گوتھا خاندان،[21][22] which is a branch of the House of Wettin۔[23]
  5. Elizabeth II previously reigned over Papua New Guinea as Queen of Australia، from 6 فروری 1952 until the nation's independence and the creation of a separate crown.
  6. Coronation took place 2 جون 1953.[18]
  7. Lower flag is for use in Scotland only, upper flag is used in England, Northern Ireland and Wales.
  8. Hamad bin Isa reigned as Amir of the State of Bahrain until 14 فروری 2002, when he assumed the new title of King of Bahrain under a new Constitution.[19]
  9. 9.0 9.1 A clan of the Utub tribe.[20]
  10. The Belgian monarch does not automatically assume the throne at the death or abdication of their predecessor; they only become monarch upon taking a constitutional oath
  11. Coronation took place 6 نومبر 2008.[25]
  12. Coronation took place 1 اگست 1968.[27]
  13. Coronation took place 29 اکتوبر 2004.[28]
  14. A branch of the Varman dynasty. The surname "Norodom" is used by the descendants of Norodom I۔[29][30]
  15. The king is selected for life by the Royal Council of the Throne from amongst the male descendants of kings Ang Duong، Norodom، and Sisowath۔[31]
  16. 16.0 16.1 Officially the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, which is a branch of the خاندان اولڈبرگ۔[32]
  17. Succession is subject to customary law, and does not follow پہلوٹھاپن۔ A council of elders selects who among the reigning king's wives will be mother of the next شاہ۔ This woman will succeed as Ndlovukati upon her son's ascension to throne, and will rule alongside him for the duration of his reign. The king's first two wives are considered ineligible.[34][35]
  18. "Naruhito" is the current emperor's given name، but it is not his regnal name، and he is never referred to as this in Japanese. The era of Naruhito's reign bears the name "Reiwa"، and according to custom he will be پس مرگ نام "Emperor Reiwa" following his death.[حوالہ درکار][37]
  19. The formal coronation ceremony was held on 22 اکتوبر 2019.[38]
  20. The Japanese emperor does not have a family name.[39][40] The use of the name "Yamato" for the household derives from the ancient Yamato Court۔[41] It is used often as a name for the imperial dynasty, but has no official basis.
  21. Formally enthroned on 9 جون 1999.[43]
  22. Succession is based upon primogeniture. However, the reigning king may also select his successor from among eligible princes.[44]
  23. The heir is appointed by the reigning emir, and the nomination must also be approved by a majority of members in the National Assembly.[47] The throne is also traditionally alternated between the two main branches of the Al Sabah family: the Al Salem and Al Jaber۔[48][49] The current emir is of the Al Jaber branch.
  24. Coronation took place 31 اکتوبر 1997. Has previously reigned as king from 12 نومبر 1990 until 25 جنوری 1995.[51]
  25. Formally enthroned on 15 اگست 1990.[53] Prior to his accession, Hans-Adam had served as prince regent since 26 اگست 1984.[54] On 15 اگست 2004, the prince formally appointed his son ایلوئس، موروثی شہزادہ لیختینستائن as regent, in preparation for his succession to the throne, but remained head of state in accordance with the constitution.[55]
  26. Prior to formal enthronement, Henri had served as prince regent since 4 مارچ 1998.[56]
  27. The royal family of Luxembourg are members of the House of Nassau-Weilburg،[57] descended from the خاندان ناساو and the Parma branch of the خاندان بوربن۔
  28. Official title: Yang di-Pertuan Agong۔ It roughly translates as "Supreme Head of State"، and is commonly rendered in English as "King"۔[58]
  29. Elected on 24 جنوری 2019.[59] Term of office started on 31 جنوری 2019.[60]
  30. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is elected to a five-year term by and from amongst the nine hereditary rulers of the ملائیشیا کے وفاقی علاقے اور ریاستیں، who form the Council of Rulers۔ The position has to date been, by informal agreement, systematically rotated between the nine; the order was originally based on یانگ دی‌ پرتوان آگونگ۔[61]
  31. Albert II was formally enthroned as prince in a two-part ceremony, in accordance with tradition, on 12 جولائی and 19 نومبر 2005.[63][64] He had previously been serving as regent since 31 مارچ 2005.[65]
  32. Coronation took place 30 جولائی 1999.[67]
  33. The Dutch royal family is descended from the خاندان ناساو and Lippe۔ [69][70]
  34. Formally enthroned on 21 جنوری 1991, and consecrated on 23 جون 1991. Prior to his accession, Harald had served as prince regent since 1 جون 1990.[72]
  35. Monarchy is constitutional by law, but remains absolute in practice.[75]
  36. Succession is determined by consensus within the House of Saud as to who will be Crown Prince. This consensus may change depending on the Crown Prince's actions:[77]
  37. Formally enthroned on 19 ستمبر 1973.[80]
  38. Name is also written as Mahawachiralongkon.[82] He is also styled Rama X۔[83]
  39. Vajiralongkorn was proclaimed King on 1 دسمبر 2016 with retroactive effect to the date of his father's death.[83] The coronation took place from 4 – 6 مئی 2019.[84][85]
  40. A line of the Tuʻi Kanokupolu dynasty.[87][88]
  41. The Al Nahyan are a branch of the Al Falahi, a clan of the Yas tribe.[89]
  42. The متحدہ عرب امارات کے وزرائے اعظم کی فہرست is the head of the government. However, with the consent of the Supreme Council, the office is appointed by the President, who retains considerable power.[90]
  43. According to the Constitution، the President of the United Arab Emirates is elected by the Federal Supreme Council from among the individual rulers of the seven emirates.[90] However, by informal agreement the Presidency is always passed to the head of the Al Nahyan clan, the Sheikh of Abu Dhabi (see constituent monarchs)، which makes it a de facto hereditary position. In addition, the appointed Prime Minister has always been the head of the Al Maktoum clan and Sheikh of Dubai.[91]
  44. As ویٹیکن سٹی، by virtue of being پوپ۔