عرب ملکاں دے عالمی ثقافتی ورثے

آزاد انسائیکلوپیڈیا، وکیپیڈیا توں
Jump to navigation Jump to search

ایہ یونیسکو د‏‏ی فہرستِ عالمی ثقافتی ورثہ اے ۔

تصویر موقع مقام معیار رقبہ
سال Description
Kalaa des Beni Hammad.5.jpg بنی احمد قلعہ الجزائرصوبہ المسیلہ ،
Flag of Algeria.svg الجزائر
150 370 1980 In a mountainous site of extraordinary beauty, the ruins of the first capital of the Hammadid emirs, founded in 1007 and demolished in 1152, provide an authentic picture of a fortified Muslim city.[۱]
GM Djemila Roman Theatre02.jpg قریۂ جمیلہ الجزائرصوبہ سطیف ،
Flag of Algeria.svg الجزائر
31 77 1982 Situated 900 m above sea-level, Djémila, or Cuicul, with its forum, temples, basilicas, triumphal arches and houses, is an interesting example of Roman town planning adapted to a mountain location.[۲]
Algeri01.jpg قصبۃ الجزائر Algeriaصوبہ الجزائر ،
Flag of Algeria.svg الجزائر
50 120 1982 The Kasbah is a unique kind of medina, or Islamic city. It stands in one of the finest coastal sites on the Mediterranean, overlooking the islands where a Carthaginian trading-post was established in the 4th century BC.[۳]
Ghardaia.jpg وادیٔ مزاب Algeriaصوبہ غرادیہ ،
Flag of Algeria.svg الجزائر
4,000 9,900 1982 A traditional human habitat, created in the 10th century by the Ibadites around their five ksour (fortified cities), has been preserved intact in the M’Zab valley.[۴]
Tassili rocks.jpg طاسیلی ناجر Algeriaصوبہ الیزی تے صوبہ تمنراست ،
Flag of Algeria.svg الجزائر
7,200,000 18,000,000 1982 This site has one of the most important groupings of prehistoric cave art in the world. More than 15,000 drawings and engravings record the climatic changes, the animal migrations and the evolution of human life on the edge of the Sahara from 6000 BC to the first centuries of the present era.[۵]
accessdate=17 Aug 2011}}</ref>
accessdate=17 Aug 2011}}</ref>
Bahrain Fort 7.jpg قلعۂ البحرین – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun Bahrainشمالی ولایت مصر ،
Flag of Bahrain.svg بحرین
32 79 2005 The site was the capital of the Dilmun, one of the most important ancient civilizations of the region. It contains the richest remains inventoried of this civilization, which was hitherto only known from written Sumerian references.[۶]
Abu Mena Ancient Monastery 05.JPG ابو مینا Egyptولایت السکندریہ ،
Flag of Egypt.svg مصر
183 450 1979 The church, baptistry, basilicas, public buildings, streets, monasteries, houses and workshops in this early Christian holy city were built over the tomb of the martyr Menas of Alexandria, who died in A.D. 296.[۷]
SFEC AEH -ThebesNecropolis-2010-FULL-Overview-039.jpg Ancient طیبۂ مصر تے اہراماتِ طیبہ Egyptولایت لکسر ،
Flag of Egypt.svg مصر
7,390 18,300 1979 Thebes, the city of the god Amon, was the capital of Egypt during the period of the Middle and New Kingdoms.[۸]
Islamic Cairo (2005-05-385).jpg اسلامی قاہرہ Egyptولایت قاہرہ ،
Flag of Egypt.svg مصر
524 1,290 1979 Tucked away amid the modern urban area of Cairo lies one of the world's oldest Islamic cities, with its famous mosques, madrasas, hammams and fountains. Founded in the 10th century, it became the new centre of the Islamic world, reaching its golden age in the 14th century.[۹]
All Gizah Pyramids.jpg منف تے اہرامات جیزہ Egyولایتِ جیزہ،
Flag of Egypt.svg مصر
16,359 40,420 1979 The capital of the Old Kingdom of Egypt has some extraordinary funerary monuments, including rock tombs, ornate mastabas, temples and pyramids. In ancient times, the site was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World.[۱۰]
Panorama Abu Simbel crop.jpg ابو سنبل Egyمحافظہ اسوان،
Flag of Egypt.svg مصر
374 920 1979 This outstanding archaeological area contains such magnificent monuments as the Temples of Ramses II at Abu Simbel and the Sanctuary of Isis at Philae, which were saved from the rising waters of the Nile thanks to the International Campaign launched by UNESCO, in 1960 to 1980.[۱۱]
Katharinenkloster Sinai BW 2.jpg سینٹ کاتھرین دئر Egyمحافظہ جنوبی سینا،
Flag of Egypt.svg مصر
60,100 149,000 2002 The Orthodox Monastery of St Catherine stands at the foot of Mount Horeb where, the Old Testament records, Moses received the Tablets of the Law. The mountain is known and revered by Muslims as Jebel Musa. The entire area is sacred to three world religions: Christianity, Islam, and Judaism.[۱۲]
Whale skeleton 2.jpg وادیٔ الحیتان Egyمحافظہ فیوم,
Flag of Egypt.svg مصر
20,015 49,460 2005 Located in a desert, the site contains fossil remains of the now extinct Archaeoceti, a suborder of whales, showing the evolution of the whales from a land-based to an aquatic mammal.[۱۳]
آشور (قلعۂ شرقت) Irqمحافظہ صلاح الدین,
70 170 2003 The ancient city of Ashur is located on the Tigris River in northern Mesopotamia. The city dates back to the 3rd millennium BC. From the 14th to the 9th centuries BC it was the first capital of the Assyrian Empire. The city was destroyed by the Babylonians, but revived during the Parthian period in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD.[۱۴]
Hatra ruins.jpg الحضر Irqمحافظہ نینوی،
Flag of Iraq.svg عراق
324 800 1985 A large fortified city under the influence of the Parthian Empire and capital of the first Arab Kingdom, Hatra withstood invasions by the Romans in A.D. 116 and 198 thanks to its high, thick walls reinforced by towers.[۱۵]
Great Mosque of Samarra.jpg سامرا Archaeological City Irqمحافظہ صلاح الدین،
Flag of Iraq.svg عراق
15,058 37,210 1985 Samarra Archaeological City is the site of a powerful Islamic capital city that ruled over the provinces of the Abbasid Empire extending from Tunisia to Central Asia for a century. The 9th-century Great Mosque and its spiral minaret are among the numerous remarkable architectural monuments of the site, 80% of which remain to be excavated.[۱۶]
Old City (Jerusalem).jpg شہرِ قدسِ قدیمہ یروشلم IrqJerusalem،
Flag of Israel.svg اسرائیل
1985 As a holy city for Judaism, Christianity and Islam, Jerusalem has always been of great symbolic importance. It is recognized by all three religions as the site of Abraham's sacrifice. The Wailing Wall delimits the quarters of the different religious communities, while the Resurrection rotunda in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre houses Christ's tomb.[۱۷]
Petra Jordan BW 36.JPG پیٹرا Jorمحافظہ معان،
Flag of Jordan.svg اردن
1985 Inhabited since prehistoric times, this Nabataean caravan-city, situated between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea, was an important crossroads between Arabia, Egypt and Syria-Phoenicia. Petra is half-built, half-carved into the rock, and is surrounded by mountains riddled with passages and gorges.[۱۸]
Qusayr Amra.jpg قصر عمرا Jorمحافظہ زرقاء،
Flag of Jordan.svg اردن
1985 Built in the early 8th century, this exceptionally well-preserved desert castle was both a fortress with a garrison and a residence of the Umayyad caliphs.[۱۹]
Umm Rasas House ruins.JPG ام الرصاص Jorمحافظہ مادبا،
Flag of Jordan.svg اردن
24 59 2005 Most of this archaeological site, which started as a Roman military camp and grew to become a town from the 5th century, has not been excavated. It contains remains from the Roman, Byzantine and Early Muslim periods (end of 3rd to 9th centuries AD) and a fortified Roman military camp.[۲۰]
GabelRum01 ST 07.JPG وادیٔ رم Protected Area Jorمحافظہ عقبہ،
Flag of Jordan.svg اردن
74,180 183,300 2005 The 74,000-hectare property, inscribed as a mixed natural and cultural site, is situated in southern Jordan, near the border with Saudi Arabia. It features a varied desert landscape, as well as 25,000 rock carvings with 20,000 inscriptions trace the evolution of human thought and the early development of the alphabet.[۲۱]
Anjar - Cardo vu du nord 2.jpg عنجر Lbnبقاع محافظہ،
Flag of Lebanon.svg لبنان
1984 The city of Anjar was founded by Caliph Walid I at the beginning of the 8th century. The ruins reveal a very regular layout, reminiscent of the palace-cities of ancient times, and are a unique testimony to city planning under the Umayyads.[۲۲]
Baalbek-Bacchus.jpg بعلبک Lbnبقاع محافظہ،
Flag of Lebanon.svg لبنان
1984 Baalbek, where a triad of deities was worshipped, was known as Heliopolis during the Hellenistic period. It retained its religious function during Roman times, when the sanctuary of the Heliopolitan Jupiter attracted thousands of pilgrims.[۲۳]
ByblosPort.jpg جبیل Lbnمحافظہ جبل لبنان،
Flag of Lebanon.svg لبنان
1984 The ruins of many successive civilizations are found at Byblos, one of the oldest Phoenician cities. Inhabited since Neolithic times, it has been closely linked to the legends and history of the Mediterranean region for thousands of years.[۲۴]
Qadisha.jpg وادیٔ قادیشا (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab) Lbnمحافظہ شمالی،
Flag of Lebanon.svg لبنان
1998 The Qadisha valley is one of the most important early Christian monastic settlements in the world. Nearby are the remains of the great forest of cedars of Lebanon, highly prized in antiquity for the construction of great religious buildings.[۲۵]
TyreAlMina.jpg صور Lbnمحافظہ جنوبی،
Flag of Lebanon.svg لبنان
154 380 1984 Tyre ruled the seas and founded prosperous colonies such as Cadiz and Carthage, but its historical role declined at the end of the Crusades. There are important archaeological remains, mainly from Roman times.[۲۶]
Cyrene8.jpg شحات ، لیبیا Libجبل الاخضر،
Flag of Libya.svg لیبیا
1982 A colony of the Greeks of Thera, Cyrene was one of the principal cities in the Hellenic world. It was Romanized and remained a great capital until the earthquake of 365. A thousand years of history is written into its ruins, which have been famous since the 18th century.[۲۷]
Leptis Magna market place April 2004.jpg لبدۂ کبریٰ LibKhoms،
Flag of Libya.svg لیبیا
1982 Leptis Magna was enlarged and embellished by Septimius Severus, who was born there and later became emperor. It was one of the most beautiful cities of the Roman Empire, with its imposing public monuments, harbour, market-place, storehouses, shops and residential districts.[۲۸]
Theatre, Sabratha.JPG صبراتہ Libزاویہ ضلع،
Flag of Libya.svg لیبیا
1982 A Phoenician trading-post that served as an outlet for the products of the African hinterland, Sabratha was part of the short-lived Numidian Kingdom of Massinissa before being Romanized and rebuilt in the 2nd and 3rd centuries A.D.[۲۹]
Ghadames - Altstadt mit Palmenhain.jpg Old Town of Ghadamès Libنالوت ضلع،
Flag of Libya.svg لیبیا
1986 Ghadamès, known as 'the pearl of the desert', stands in an oasis. It is one of the oldest pre-Saharan cities and an outstanding example of a traditional settlement.[۳۰]
Eljem2.jpg الجم Tunمہدیہ،
سانچہ:Country data تونیسیا
1.37 3.4 1979 The Amphitheatre of El Jem, built during the 3rd century, is North Africa's largest coliseum with a capacity of 35,000 spectators, and "illustrates the grandeur and extent of Imperial Rome."[۳۱]
Tadrart Acacus 1.jpg Rock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus Libفزان،
Flag of Libya.svg لیبیا
1985 The rocky massif has thousands of cave paintings in very different styles, dating from 12,000 BCE to 100 CE.[۳۲]
Chinguetti old town.jpg Ancient Ksour of وادان, شنقیط, تیشیت and ولاتہ Mauritaniaوادان,
and ولاتہ،
1959-2017 Flag of Mauritania.svg موریتانیہ
1996 Founded in the 11th and 12th centuries to serve the caravans crossing the Sahara, these trading and religious centres became focal points of Islamic culture. They have managed to preserve an urban fabric that evolved between the 12th and 16th centuries.[۳۳]
PNBA 43.JPG Banc d'Arguin National Park Mauritaniaنواذیبو
and Azefal,
1959-2017 Flag of Mauritania.svg موریتانیہ
1,200,000 3,000,000 1989 The park consists of sand dunes, coastal swamps, small islands, and shallow bodies of water, all bordering the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. Birds are often found to migrate in the area, accompanied by various species of sea turtles and dolphins, whose presence fishermen often use to attract fish.[۳۴]
Volubilis-basilica.jpg Archaeological Site of Volubilis Morمکناس تافیلالت,
Flag of Morocco.svg مراکش
42 100 1997 The important Roman outpost of Volubilis was founded in the 3rd century BCE to become the capital of Mauritania. It contained many buildings, the remains of which have survived extensively to this day.[۳۵]
Royal Palace, Meknes.jpg Historic City of Meknes Morمکناس تافیلالت،
Flag of Morocco.svg مراکش
1996 The former capital was founded in the 11th century and turned into an impressive city in Spanish-Moorish style during the 17th and 18th centuries.[۳۶]
Kasbahs in Aït Benhaddou.JPG آیت بن حدو Morسوس ماسہ درعہ,
Flag of Morocco.svg مراکش
3 7.4 1987 The ksar is a group of earthen building surrounded by high walls, a traditional pre-Saharan habitat.[۳۷]
Ramparts of Essaouira.JPG Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador) Morمراکش تانسیف الحوز،
Flag of Morocco.svg مراکش
30 74 2001 The fortified seaport built during the late 18th century has a mix of North African and European architecture, and been a major trading hub between Sahara and Europe.[۳۸]
Fes, Old Medina.jpg Medina of Fez MorFez،
Flag of Morocco.svg مراکش
280 690 1981 The former capital was founded in the 9th century and features the world's oldest university. The urban fabric and principal monuments date from the 13th and 14th centuries.[۳۹]
Koutbia.jpg مراکش (شہر) Morمراکش تانسیف الحوز,
Flag of Morocco.svg مراکش
1,107 2,740 1985 The town was founded in the 1070s and remained a political, economic and cultural center for a long time. Monuments from that period include the مسجد کتبیہ, the قصبہ، الجزائر and the battlements. The city also has newer architectural jewels, including palaces.[۴۰]
Tetuan vista desde un tejado.JPG Medina of Tétouan (formerly known as Titawin) Morطنجہ تطوان,
Flag of Morocco.svg مراکش
7 17 1997 Morocco's most complete medina served as the main point of contact between Morocco and اندلوسیا during the 8th century. After the reconquista، the town was rebuilt by Andalusian refugees.[۴۱]
El Jadida panorama.jpg Portuguese City of Mazagan (El Jadida) Morدکالہ عبدہ,
Flag of Morocco.svg مراکش
8 20 2004 The fortification was built in Renaissance military design in the early 16th century, and taken over by Morocco in 1769. Surviving Portuguese buildings include the cistern and a گوتھک فن تعمیر church.[۴۲]
Aflaj Irrigation Systems of Oman OmnSharqiyah and الباطنہ علاقہ Regions,
Flag of Oman.svg عمان
1,456 3,600 2006 The property includes five aflaj irrigation systems and is representative of some 3,000 such systems still in use in Oman. The origins of this system of irrigation may date back to AD 500, but archaeological evidence suggests that irrigation systems existed in this extremely arid area as early as 2500 BC.[۴۳]
Archaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Khutm and Al-Ayn Omnمحافظہ الظاہرہ,
Flag of Oman.svg عمان
1988 The protohistoric site of Bat lies near a palm grove in the interior of the Sultanate of Oman. Together with the neighbouring sites, it forms the most complete collection of settlements and necropolises from the 3rd millennium B.C. in the world.[۴۴]
فائل:Bahla6.jpg Bahla Fort Omnمحافظہ الداخلیہ،
Flag of Oman.svg عمان
1987 The oasis of Bahla owes its prosperity to the Banu Nebhan, the dominant tribe in the area from the 12th to the end of the 15th century. The ruins of the immense fort, with its walls and towers of unbaked brick and its stone foundations, is a remarkable example of this type of fortification and attests to the power of the Banu Nebhan.[۴۵]
Land of Frankincense Omnمحافظہ ظفار,
Flag of Oman.svg عمان
850 2,100 2000 The frankincense trees of Wadi Dawkah and the remains of the caravan oasis of Shisr/Wubar and the affiliated ports of Khor Rori and Al-Baleed vividly illustrate the trade in frankincense that flourished in this region for many centuries, as one of the most important trading activities of the ancient and medieval world.[۴۶]
Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih) Sauصوبہ المدينہ,
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg سعودی عرب
1,621 4,010 2008 Formerly known as Hegra it is the largest conserved site of the civilization of the Nabataeans south of Petra in Jordan. It features well-preserved monumental tombs with decorated facades dating from the 1st century BC to the 1st century AD.[۴۷]
Diriyahpic.jpg At-Turaif District in ad-Dir'iyah Sauصوبہ الرياض،
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg سعودی عرب
29 72 2008 Diriyah was the first capital of the Saudi Dynasty, in the heart of the Arabian Peninsula, north-west of Riyadh. It includes the remains of many palaces and an urban ensemble built on the edge of the ad-Dir’iyah oasis.[۴۸]
Sudan Meroe Pyramids 2001.JPG Archaeological Sites of the Island of Meroe Sdnدریائے نیل (ریاست)،
Flag of Sudan.svg سوڈان
2,357 5,820 2011 The site, a semi-desert landscape between the Nile and Atbara rivers, was the heartland of the Kingdom of Kush, a major power from the 8th century B.C. to the 4th century A.D.[۴۹]
Gebel Barkal.jpg Gebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan Region SdnNorthern State,
Flag of Sudan.svg سوڈان
183 450 2003 The five sites in the دریائے نیل feature temples that are a testimony to the نبتہn (900–270 BCE) and Meroitic (270 BCE – 350 CE) cultures.[۵۰]
Ancient Aleppo view.JPG Ancient City of Aleppo Syrمحافظہ حلب،
Flag of Syria.svg شام
350 860 1986 Located at the crossroads of several trade routes from the 2nd millennium B.C., Aleppo was ruled successively by the Hittites, Assyrians, Arabs, Mongols, Mamelukes and Ottomans.[۵۱]
Bosra pano Syria.jpg بصرى Syrمحافظہ درعا،
Flag of Syria.svg شام
1980 Bosra, once the capital of the Roman province of Arabia, was an important stopover on the ancient caravan route to Mecca. A magnificent 2nd-century Roman theatre, early Christian ruins and several mosques are found within its great walls.[۵۲]
The Jupiter temple in Damascus.jpg دمشق Syrمحافظہ دمشق،
Flag of Syria.svg شام
86 210 1979 Founded in the 3rd millennium B.C., Damascus is one of the oldest cities in the Middle East. In the Middle Ages, it was the centre of a flourishing craft industry, specializing in swords and lace.[۵۳]
Church of Saint Simeon Stylites 17.jpg Ancient Villages of Northern Syria SyrFlag of Syria.svg شام Cultural:SyrAnc
12,290 30,400 2011 Some 40 villages grouped in eight parks situated in north-western Syria provide remarkable testimony to rural life in late Antiquity and during the Byzantine period.[۵۴]
Krak des Chevaliers 14.jpg Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din SyrHoms and Latakia Governorates,
Flag of Syria.svg شام
9 22 2006 These two castles represent the most significant examples illustrating the exchange of influences and documenting the evolution of fortified architecture in the Near East during the time of the Crusades (11th – 13th centuries).[۵۵]
Palmyra 03.jpg تدمر Syrمحافظہ حمص،
Flag of Syria.svg شام
0.36 0.89 1980 An oasis in the Syrian desert, north-east of Damascus, Palmyra contains the monumental ruins of a great city that was one of the most important cultural centres of the ancient world.[۵۶]
Ruines de Carthage.jpg قرطاجنہ Tunتونس (ولایت),
سانچہ:Country data تونیسیا
1979 Founded in the 9th century BCE, Carthage was developed into a trading empire spanning the بحیرہ روم, and was, according to UNESCO, "home to a brilliant civilization." The city was destroyed in 146 BCE in the Punic Wars at the hands of the Romans, but was later rebuilt by these.[۵۷]
Dougga theatre.jpg Dougga / Thugga TunBeباجا,
سانچہ:Country data تونیسیا
70 170 1997 The site features the ruins of Dougga, a former capital of a Libyan –Punic state, which flourished under قدیم روم and the Byzantine Empire، but declined in the Islamic period.[۵۸]
Parcichkeul3.jpg Ichkeul National Park TunBiبنزرت,
سانچہ:Country data تونیسیا
12,600 31,000 1980 Ichkeul Lake and the surrounding wetlands is a major stopover for hundreds of thousands of migrating bird, including ducks, ہنس, storks and pink flamingos. Ichkeul is the last remaining lake in a chain that once extended across North Africa.[۵۹]
Kairouan's Great Mosque courtyard.jpg قیروان Tunقیروان,
سانچہ:Country data تونیسیا
68 170 1988 The city was founded in 670 and flourished as a capital in the 9th century. Its heritage includes the جامع القیروان الاکبر and the Mosque of the Three Gates.[۶۰]
Sousse Grosse Moschee.JPG سوسہ Tunسوسہ،
سانچہ:Country data تونیسیا
32 79 1988 The city was an important commercial and military port during the 9th century and a typical example of a town dating from the first centuries of Islam.[۶۱]
PatioDarBenAbdallah.JPG تونس شہر Tunتونس (ولایت),
سانچہ:Country data تونیسیا
296 730 1979 The medina contains 700 monuments, including palaces, mosques, mausoleums, مدرسہ and fourtains, testifying to Tunis golden age from the 12th to the 16th century.[۶۲]
Kerkouane1.JPG Punic Town of Kerkuane and its Necropolis Tunنابل,
سانچہ:Country data تونیسیا
1985 The city was abandoned in 250 BCE during the First Punic War, and remains the only example of a Phoenicio–Punic settlement.[۶۳]
Zabid, Yemen.jpg Historic Town of Zabid Yemمحافظہ الحدیدہ،
Flag of Yemen.svg یمن
1993 Zabid was the capital of Yemen from the 13th to the 15th century. The city played an important role in the Arab and Muslim world for many centuries because of its Islamic university.[۶۴]
Sana.jpg Old City of Sana'a YemSana Governorate،
Flag of Yemen.svg یمن
1986 Sana’a has been inhabited for more than 2,500 years. In the 7th and 8th centuries the city became a major centre for the propagation of Islam. This religious and political heritage can be seen in the 103 mosques, 14 hammams and over 6,000 houses, all built before the 11th century.[۶۵]
Shibam Wadi Hadhramaut Yemen.jpg Old Walled City of Shibam Yemمحافظہ حضرموت،
Flag of Yemen.svg یمن
1982 The 16th-century city of Shibam is one of the oldest and best examples of urban planning based on the principle of vertical construction.[۶۶]
Socotra dragon tree.JPG Socotra Archipelago Yemمحافظہ حضرموت،
Flag of Yemen.svg یمن
410,460 1,014,300 2008 Socotra Archipelago, in the northwest Indian Ocean near the Gulf of Aden, is 250 km long and comprises four islands and two rocky islets which appear as a prolongation of the Horn of Africa. The site is of universal importance because of its biodiversity with rich and distinct flora and fauna.[۶۷]


  1. "Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215847/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/102%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  2. "Djémila". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215900/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/191%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  3. "Kasbah of Algiers". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215910/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/565%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  4. "M'zab Valley". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215909/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/118%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  5. "Tassili n'Ajjer". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215859/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/179%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  6. "Qal'at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215857/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1192%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  7. "Abu Mena". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215838/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/90%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  8. "Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215906/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/87%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  9. "Historic Cairo". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215849/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/89%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  10. "Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215917/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/86%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  11. "Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215900/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/88%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  12. "Saint Catherine Area". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215836/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/954%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  13. "Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley)". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215846/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1186%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  14. "Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat)". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215853/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1130%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  15. "Hatra". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215907/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/277%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  16. "Samarra Archaeological City". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215843/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/276%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  17. "Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215855/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/148%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  18. "Petra". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215913/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/326%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  19. "Qasr Amra". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215912/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/327%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  20. "Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a)". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215905/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1093%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  21. "Wadi Rum Protected Area". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215852/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1377%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  22. "Anjar". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215902/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/293%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  23. "Baalbek". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215848/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/294%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  24. "Baalbek". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215858/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/295%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  25. "Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab)". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215914/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/850%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  26. "Tyre". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215916/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/299%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  27. "Archaeological Site of Cyrene". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215910/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/190%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  28. "Archaeological Site of Leptis Magna". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215914/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/183%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  29. "Archaeological Site of Sabratha". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215906/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/184%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  30. "Old Town of Ghadamès". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215855/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/362%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  31. "Amphitheatre of El Jem". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215839/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/38%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  32. "Rock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215840/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/287%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  33. "Ancient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215836/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/750%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  34. "Banc d'Arguin National Park". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215853/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/506%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  35. "Archaeological Site of Volubilis". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215850/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/836%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  36. "Historic City of Meknes". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215907/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/793%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  37. "Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215901/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/444%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  38. "Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador)". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215904/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/753%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  39. "Medina of Fez". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215845/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/170%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  40. "Medina of Marrakesh". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215859/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/331%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  41. "Medina of Tétouan (formerly known as Titawin)". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215908/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/837%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  42. "Portuguese City of Mazagan (El Jadida)". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215841/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1058%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  43. "Aflaj Irrigation Systems of Oman". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215835/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1207%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  44. "Archaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Khutm and Al-Ayn". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215835/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1207%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  45. "Bahla Fort". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215837/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/433%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  46. "Land of Frankincense". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215835/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1207%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  47. "Portuguese City of Mazagan (El Jadida)". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215844/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1293%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  48. "Portuguese City of Mazagan (El Jadida)". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215854/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1329%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  49. "Archaeological Sites of the Island of Meroe". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215916/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1336%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  50. "Gebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan Region". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215842/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1073%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  51. "Ancient City of Aleppo". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215851/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/21%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  52. "Ancient City of Bosra". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215840/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/22%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  53. "Ancient City of Damascus". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215902/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/20%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  54. "Ancient Villages of Northern Syria". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215915/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1348%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  55. "Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215912/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1229%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  56. "Site of Palmyra". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215850/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/23%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  57. "Archaeological Site of Carthage". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215845/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/37%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  58. "Dougga / Thugga". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215856/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/794%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  59. "Ichkeul National Park". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215911/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/8%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  60. "Kairouan". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215903/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/499%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  61. "Medina of Sousse". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215904/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/498%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  62. "Medina of Tunis". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215847/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/36%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  63. "Punic Town of Kerkuane and its Necropolis". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215838/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/332%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  64. "Historic Town of Zabid". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215917/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/611%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  65. "Old City of Sana'a". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215841/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/385%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  66. "Old Walled City of Shibam". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215857/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/192%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011. 
  67. "Socotra Archipelago". UNESCO. https://web.archive.org/web/20181225215843/http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1263%20. Retrieved on 17 Aug 2011.