قومی کھیل (انگریزی: national sport یا national pastime) اوہ کھیل جو کسی ملک دی اندرونی سبھیاچار دا آئینہ دار سمجھیا جاندا اے۔ بعض کھیل قانونی سطح اُتے قومی کھیل ہُندے نيں جداں پاکستان وچ ہاکی تے بعض جگہ انہاں دی حیثیت قانونی قومی کھیل دی نئيں ہُندی جداں امریکا وچ بیس بال یا برطانیہ وچ فٹبال۔
قانونی طور اُتے قومی کھیل[لکھو]
قومی کھیل قرار پایا
|Bangladesh||کبڈی ("قومی کھیل")||1972|
|Canada||Lacrosse (گرما)، آئس ہاکی (سرما)||1994|
|Iran||Varzesh-e Bastani، پہلوانی||1976|
|Puerto Rico||Paso Fino ("autochthonous sport")||1966|
|Sri Lanka||والی بال||1991|
(Creole [i.e. gaucho] Skills)
عملی طور اُتے قومی کھیل[لکھو]
(انہاں نوں حالے تک انہاں ملکاں وچ قانونی طور اُتے قومی کھیل دی حیثیت حاصل نئيں ہوئی)
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- "Republic Act No. 9850: An Act declaring Arnis as the national martial art and sport of the Philippines". http://www.filipiniana.net/ArtifactView.do?artifactID=L20100000001&query=null&page=1. Retrieved on 26 June 2010.
- "Puerto Rico Act 64 of 2000, S.B. 1856" (Portable Document Format). Office of Legislative Services of Puerto Rico. 11 April 2000. p. 1. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023823/http://www.oslpr.org/download/en/2000/0064.pdf%20. Retrieved on 14 July 2008. "In 1966, the Public Parks and Recreation Administration and the Puerto Rico Olympic Committee awarded official recognition of the “paso fino” horse riding sport as the autochthonous sport of Puerto Rico."
- Fernando, Leslie (3 June 2005). "Sponsors President's Gold Cup tourney: Dialog assures future of VB". Daily News (Sri Lanka). https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023818/http://www.dailynews.lk/2005/06/03/spo01.htm%20. Retrieved on ۱۴ جولائی ۲۰۰۸. "Way back in 1991 volleyball was declared as the national sport of Sri Lanka but it was only name sake."
- Fernando, Leslie (3 June 2005). "Sponsors President's Gold Cup tourney: Dialog assures future of VB". Daily News (Nepal). https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023818/http://www.dailynews.lk/2005/06/03/spo01.htm%20. Retrieved on ۱۴ جولائی ۲۰۰۸. "Way back in 1973 Dandi Biyo was declared as the national sport of Nepal but it was only name sake."
- Aeberhard, Danny (2001). The Rough Guide to Argentina, 198. ISBN 1-85828-569-0. “"displays of traditional gaucho skills (destrezas criollas)"”
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- "Buzkashi: The National Game of Afghanis". Embassy of Afghanistan, Canberra. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023845/http://www.afghanembassy.net/buz.php%20. Retrieved on 21 July 2008.
- "Boat Racing Season Officially Opens". The Anguillian. 3 March 2007. http://www.festival.ai/article/articleview/4525/1/127/. Retrieved on ۲۱ جولائی ۲۰۰۸. "Director of Sports, Alkins Rogers, […] reported that the Government recognizes boat racing as the national sport of Anguilla and was giving financial resources for its development."
- "Antiguans and Barbudans". everyculture.com. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023822/https://www.everyculture.com/wc/Afghanistan-to-Bosnia-Herzegovina/Antiguans-and-Barbudans.html. Retrieved on 10 July 2008. "Cricket, a left-over from the British rule, is the national sport of Antigua and Barbuda."
- "Barbados: Sports". Government of Barbados. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023942/http://www.barbados.gov.bb/sports.htm%20. Retrieved on 21 July 2008. "The national sport of Barbados is cricket"
- Luke, Will (March 2007). "Cricket by association". The Wisden Cricketer. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226024016/http://www.espncricinfo.com/wisdencricketer/content/story/281649.html. Retrieved on 21 July 2008. "Bermuda are one of the few sides who count cricket as a national sport."
- "National Symbols". Bhutan Portal. Government of Bhutan. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023827/http://www.bhutan.gov.bt/government/abt_nationalsymbols.php%20. Retrieved on 21 July 2008. "National Game: The national sport of Bhutan is archery."
- Gonzalez Echevarria, Roberto (1999). "A Cuban Belle Époque", The Pride of Havana: A History of Cuban Baseball. Oxford University Press, 76. ISBN 0-19-514605-0. “Baseball is so ingrained in Cuba that it has thrived as the "national sport" through forty years of a bitterly anti-American revolution.”
- Mckinley, James C., Jr (26 March 1999). "Baseball; Clash of Cultures, Pride and Passion". نیو یارک ٹائمز. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9501E4DE1530F935A15750C0A96F958260. Retrieved on ۲۴ جولائی ۲۰۰۸. "Most Cubans, after all, consider baseball to be their national sport, a game entwined in history with their struggle for independence from Spain and the birth of their nation."
- Castro, Fidel (13 August 1999). "Speech at a meeting with Pan American Games delegation members". cuba.cu. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226024031/http://www.cuba.cu/gobierno/discursos/1999/ing/f130899i.html%20. Retrieved on 24 July 2008. "the game that […] is […] our national sport […] I am talking of baseball"
- "Some facts about the Dominican Republic". Embassy of the Dominican Republic, Washington. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023851/http://www.domrep.org/kids.html%20. Retrieved on 22 July 2008. "Baseball is the Dominican Republic’s national sport."
- Hughes, Simon (9 April 2009). "Cricket losing status as national sport". The Daily Telegraph (London). https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023955/https://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/cricket/5132934/Cricket-losing-status-as-national-sport.html%20.
- (2007) Lonely Planet Eastern Europe, 9, Lonely Planet, 319. “Basketball is the unofficial national sport”
- "About Finland: General information: Sports". Embassy of Finland, Washington. 11 June 2007. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023958/http://www.finland.org/Unrestricted/Error_Notfound_801.aspx?path=http%3a%2f%2fwww.finland.org%2fPublic%2fdefault.aspx%3f404%3bhttp%3a%2f%2fwww.finland.org%3a80%2fdoc%2fen%2fabout%2fgeneral%2fsports.asp&errorguid=1418153c-5817-49cc-a94f-8e3c2d41fa51. Retrieved on 21 July 2008. "the national sport, “pesäpallo”"
- There is far more to savour in European rugby union than just the Six Nations The Guardian
- "Batting For Grenada". Grenada Life. Grenada Board of Tourism. March 2007. pp. 38. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023923/http://azzurracastlegrenada.com/?option=com_content&task=view&id=32&Itemid=69%20. Retrieved on 21 July 2008. "in the first Grenada Cricket Classics [, h]eroes such as Sir Viv Richards, Joel Garner and Curtley Ambrose came together to promote what is considered by many to be the national sport in Grenada."
- "Games". Guyana Tourism Authority. https://web.archive.org/web/20080606075705/http://guyana-tourism.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=96&Itemid=178. Retrieved on 21 July 2008. "Cricket lovely Cricket! One cannot miss out on Guyana’s national sport without participating in a game of cricket while in Guyana."
- سانچہ:Cite article
- (2014) Contemporary Sport Management, 5th, Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics, 257. ISBN 978-1-4504-6965-4.
- Basra, Sukhwant (11 March 2008). "No National status, except in NCERT textbooks". dnaindia. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023833/https://www.dnaindia.com/sports/report-no-national-status-except-in-ncert-textbooks-1155419. Retrieved on 15 July 2008. "The status of hockey as the national sport is not enshrined in any official proclamation by the Government of India. The NCERT textbook for Class XI does […] state that India’s national game is hockey and that, in a way, does make for an official take on the issue."
- "Citizens: Sports: Hockey". National Portrait of India. Government of India. http://india.gov.in/hindi/citizen/sports_hockey.php. Retrieved on 22 July 2008. "Hockey, the National Sport of the Country is one of the most religiously followed games in India."
- A 2012 article in the The Times of India argued that hockey is no longer the national sport: Mahanta, Bhaskar (28 September 2012). "What is the National Game of India?". The Times of India. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023959/https://www.indiatimes.com/others/what-is-the-national-game-of-india-41732.html%20/. Retrieved on ۷ مئی ۲۰۱۳.
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- "RTÉ Secures Comprehensive GAA Championship Coverage Until 2010". RTÉ Online. 19 February 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023932/https://www.rte.ie/about/pressreleases/2008/0219/gaachampionship2010.html%20. Retrieved on ۲۹ اپریل ۲۰۰۹. "Today's announcement ensures that the public will enjoy quality coverage of our national games across all of RTÉ's media platforms."
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- Farrelly, Hugh (15 September 2009). "The most progressive team in Ireland". Scrum.com. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023907/http://www.espnscrum.com/scrum/rugby/story/102547.html%20. Retrieved on 17 September 2009. "It's [the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final] a big deal in Ireland, where Gaelic games are the national sport, but the problem for the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) is that no-one outside the country, save for committed expatriates, gives a fig."
- "History of Jamaica". Jamaican Embassy, Washington. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023843/http://www.embassyofjamaica.org/ABOUThistory.htm%20. Retrieved on 21 July 2008. "The legacy of Britain also lives on in Jamaica in many ways […] the game of cricket is the national sport."
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- Adamkus, Valdas (28 July 2005). "Address at Charles University, Prague". President of Lithuania official website. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226024018/https://www.lrp.lt/en/news.full/5829%20. Retrieved on 24 July 2008. "Lithuania is a country that loves basketball. It is our national sport and we are proud to be reigning European Champions."
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- "Sport, Fitness and Leisure". New Zealand Official Yearbook. Statistics New Zealand. 2000. http://www2.stats.govt.nz/domino/external/web/nzstories.nsf/0/479c4ffcbb884149cc256b1f00001198?OpenDocument. Retrieved on 21 July 2008. "Traditionally New Zealanders have excelled in rugby union, which is regarded as the national sport, and track and field athletics."
- Mølster, Odd (1996). "Skiing and the Creation of a Norwegian Identity – part 2". News of Norway, issue 2. Norwegian Embassy, Washington. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023839/https://www.norway.no/en/usa. Retrieved on 21 July 2008. "the national sport could become a fine weapon in time of war. In 1943, Norway's resistance movement won an epochal victory – on skis, of course"
- Berglund, Nina (20 February 2006). "Few cheers for Norway". Aftenposten. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023916/https://www.aftenposten.no/english/sports/article1228843.ece. Retrieved on ۲۱ جولائی ۲۰۰۸. "The scoreboard shows how the Norwegians placed, a performance considered much too poor in a country where cross-country skiing is a national sport."
- "Sport in Pakistan". https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023853/https://www.topendsports.com/world/countries/pakistan.htm. Retrieved on 6 October 2012.
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- "PNG vow to upset World Cup odds". Rugby League (Federación Peruana de Frontón). 15 October 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023904/http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/rugby_league/7671217.stm. Retrieved on ۳ جولائی ۲۰۰۹. "But it would still be one of the biggest shocks in World Cup history if Papua New Guinea – the only country to have rugby league as its national sport – were to qualify for the last four."
- "PNG seal 2010 Four Nations place". BBC. 1 November 2009. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023825/http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/rugby_league/8336567.stm.
- "Paleta-Frontón". Club Regatas Lima. Club Regatas Lima. 31 August 2009. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023907/http://www.clubregatas.org.pe/historia/Paleta.htm. Retrieved on 31 August 2009.
- "Oina – sportul naţional uitat" (in Romanian). Adevărul Holding. 18 September 2010. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023842/https://www.historia.ro/exclusiv_web/actualitate/articol/oina-sportul-national-uitat%20. Retrieved on 21 November 2012. "Dar nici deciziile luate de autorităţile comuniste nu au salvat sportul naţional românesc de la uitare."
- "Russian bandy players blessed for victory at world championship in Kazan". Tatar-Inform. 21 January 2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023911/http://eng.tatar-inform.ru/news/2011/01/21/33986/. Retrieved on 31 August 2009.
- "Alex Salmond quote". Sport Scotland. 31 August 2009. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226023930/http://www.sportscotland.org.uk/ChannelNavigation/News/TopicNavigation/Other+press+releases/articles/First+Minister+celebrates+Scotlands+golf+world+champions+as+new+figures+show+big+increase+in+youngst.htm. Retrieved on 25 October 2010.
- Skiing Nation: Towards an Anthropology of Slovenia's National Sport – Kotnik – 2007 – Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism – Wiley Online Library
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- "ICC Members: Turks and Caicos Islands". International Cricket Council. https://web.archive.org/web/20181226024010/https://www.icc-cricket.com/the-icc/icc_members/profile.php?countryCode=ICC_AFFILIATE_MEMBERS_TCISLANDS. Retrieved on 7 October 2012.
- Duquette, Jerold J. (1999). Regulating the National Pastime: Baseball and Antitrust. Greenwood, 104. ISBN 0-275-96535-X. Retrieved on 21 July 2008. “Baseball justified its privileged legal status by citing the special nature and cultural significance of America's national pastime.”
- Schrag, Myles (2003). ""known+as+the+national+pastime"&source=web&ots=YxBQqRmkgf&sig=IRgII2ZMuuM-dIFjGAo6aZau2vQ&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=3&ct=result#PPA140,M1 Baseball as National Pastime Revisted: And a Little Town Shall Lead Them", in Peter Carino: Baseball/literature/culture: Essays, 1995–2001. McFarland, Chp.13 p.140. ISBN 0-7864-1643-2. Retrieved on 21 July 2008. “Tradition – that quality so instrumental in elevating baseball to its century-old status as national pastime— has become less important”
- Gmelch, George (2006-01-01). Baseball Without Borders: The International Pastime, 308. Retrieved on 2014-07-09.
- Gmelch, George (2006-01-01). Baseball Without Borders: The International Pastime, 308. Retrieved on 2014-07-09.
- Aponte, Pedro Rafael (2008). The Invention of the National in Venezuelan Art Music, 1920--1960 (UMI:3349149), 56. “Since it was first introduced in the country, baseball has been recognized in Venezuela as the national sport”
- Harris, John (Summer 2006). "(Re)Presenting Wales: National Identity and Celebrity in the Postmodern Rugby World". North American Journal of Welsh Studies (North American Association for the Study of Welsh Culture and History) 6 (2). http://spruce.flint.umich.edu/~ellisjs/Harris.pdf. Retrieved on ۱۴ جولائی ۲۰۰۸. "rugby used to be the undisputed national sport of Wales […] Rugby Union’s assumed position as ”the national game” has often been questioned on the basis that it is predominantly a game played and followed in South Wales.".