سلطنتاں دی لسٹ

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سلطنت (جمع:سلطنتاں/سلطنتاں)،اس جعرافیائی منطقے نو‏‏ں کہیا جاندا اے جس نو‏‏ں کسی حکومت یا شاہت نے گھیرا یا قابو وچ کیہ ہوئے۔ اس دنیا دے پیدا ہونے تو‏ں اج تک سلطنتاں دا اک تریخ چلا آ رہیا ا‏‏ے۔ اس دنیا اُتے ہمیشہ تو‏ں سلطنتاں دا سلسلہ آ رہیا ا‏‏ے۔ مذہبی طور اُتے دو قسم د‏‏ی سلطنت ہُندیاں نيں اک سب تو‏ں عظیم سلطنت جو خدائے عالم اللہ دا اے تے دوسرا قسم انسانی سلطنتاں دا ا‏‏ے۔ اس صفحے وچ دنیا دے تریخ وچ سب سلطنتاں د‏‏ی لسٹ درج ا‏‏ے۔

سانچہ:Compact ToC

سلطنتاں تے خاندان[لکھو]

سانچہ:نامکمل فہرست

سلطنت اصل راجگڑھ کب سے کب تک دورانیہ نوٹ پہلا رہنما آخری رہنما
ہخامنشی سلطنت ایران Various, including پاسارگاد, Ecbatana, Persepolis, سوسن, Babylon 550 ق م 330 ق م 220 سال، 0 دن The first Persian empire, and the largest one in classical antiquity, founded by کورش اعظم.
Afsharid Dynasty ایران مشہد 1736 1796 60 سال، 39 دن Founded by Nader Shah, at its peak expanded Persia as far west as Baghdad, and as far east as Delhi.
Abbasid Caliphate Iraq Baghdad, الرقہ, کوفہ, سامراء, Anbar 750 1258 508 سال، 0 دن Successor of the خلافت امویہ. As-Saffah Al-Musta'sim
اہوم خاندان شمال مشرقی بھارت Charaideo, Garhgaon, Rangpur (Ahom capital), جورہٹ 1228 1838 610 It is well known for maintaining its sovereignty for nearly 600 years and successfully resisting مغلیہ سلطنت expansion in شمال مشرقی بھارت.
سلطنت اکد Sumer عکادی 2300 ق م 2200 ق م 100 The Second Empire On The Earth.
Aksumite Empire Ethiopia Axum 150 940 790 Succeeded by the Ethiopian Empire.
Akwamu West Africa Akwamufie, Nyanoase 1505 1867 362
علوی شاہی سلسلہ, Sultanate of Morocco (1665–1912) مراکش فاس, مکناس 1631 1912 281 Sharifian Empire of Morocco
دولت موحدین مراکش مراکش, Seville 1121 1269 148 Berber Empire
Almoravid dynasty مراکش اقمات (1040–1062), مراکش (1062–1147) 1040 1147 107 Berber Empire
Angevin Empire مملکت انگلستان, France No official capital. Court was generally held at آنژہ and شیناں 1154 1242 88
مملکت آرمینیا Armenia Tigranakert 190 ق م 428 618 تگرین اعظم took the title King of Kings.
اشوریہ بین النہرین Assur, later نینوا 2025 ق م 609 ق م 1416
Ashanti Empire West Africa کوماسی 1670 1902 232
آسٹریائی سلطنت Austria ویانا 1804 1867 63 Preceded by the Holy Roman Empire.
Austria-Hungary Austria, Hungary ویانا, بوداپست 1867 1918 51 Often referred to as the "Austro-Hungarian Empire". Formed out of the آسٹریائی سلطنت as a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867. Officially a real union of the rump Austrian Empire (Cisleithania) and the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen/Transleithania. Ruler was therefore referred to as Kaiser und König ("Emperor-King", literally "Emperor and King"). F.F.von Beust Charles IV
Ayyubid dynasty Middle East قاہرہ, دمشق, Hama 1171 1341 170 Founded by Saladin, See also List of Muslim states and dynasties.
Aztec Empire Mesoamerica Tenochtitlan 1428 1521 93 The capital of میکسیکو, میکسیکو شہر, is built on the ruins of Tenochtitlan.
Aulikara Empire India Mandsaur, 528 550 22 Empire disintegrated after Shiladitya, the second king's death. Yashodharman Shiladitya (ruler of Malwa)
Babylonian Empire بین النہرین Babylon 1900 ق م 1600 ق م 300 See also جدید بابلی سلطنت.
Balhae North Korea, منچوریا Sanggyeong 698 926 228 Successor of Goguryeo.
سلطنت بامنیا West Africa سیگو 1712 1861 149 Also known as the Bambara Empire or Ségou Empire
Belgian colonial empire بلجئیم Brussels 1901 1962 61 Overseas possessions were referred to as "the colonies" rather than an empire.
Benin Empire Nigeria بینن شہر 1440 1897 457
Kadamba dynasty Karnataka Banavasi 345 540 195 The Kadambas (345–540 CE) were an ancient royal family of Karnataka, India, that ruled northern Karnataka and the Konkan from Banavasi in present-day Uttara Kannada district. The kingdom was founded by Mayurasharma in 345 CE.
Bornu Empire Nigeria Ngazargamu 1387 1893 506 The continuation of the Kanem Empire.
سلطنت برازیل برازیل ریو دے جینیرو 1822 1889 67 Established after Pedro I of Brazil declared the independence of Brazil from پرتگال. Pedro I Pedro II
Britannic Empire Britain لوندینیوم 286 296 10 Was a break-away state of the رومی سلطنت. See also the Carausian Revolt.
سلطنت برطانیہ United Kingdom London 1603 1997 394 The largest empire in world history. Precursor to the modern Commonwealth of Nations. Remnants of the empire include the British Overseas Territories and Crown Dependencies. Her Majesty Queen ایلزبتھ دوم remains as sovereign. For many the handover of Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China on 1 July 1997 marked the end of the British Empire.[۱] James I Elizabeth II
British Raj برصغیر کولکات‏ا (1858–1912), New Delhi (1912–1947) 1858 1947 89 Governed by تاج برطانیہ and part of the سلطنت برطانیہ. Queen Victoria was proclaimed شہنشاہ ہند in 1876.
Bruneian Empire بورنیو Not specified, possibly Kota Batu 1368 1888 520 Lasted until it became a British protectorate in 1888.
سلطنت بلغاریہ اول بلقان, مشرقی یورپ and Central Europe Pliska (680–893), Preslav (893–972), اسکوپیہ (972–992), اوخرید (992–1018) 680 1018 338 Founded by Khan Asparukh. Under زار Simeon I became the first powerful سلاو Empire. Falls to the Byzantine Empire under شہنشاہ Basil II.
سلطنت بلغاریہ دوم بلقان Tarnovo 1185 1422 237 Successor of the سلطنت بلغاریہ اول. Under the Tsars Kaloyan and Ivan Asen II became the most powerful state in the Balkans.
برگنڈی ڈچی مغربی یورپ دیجون 1364 1477 113 Theorically vassal of France. Ruled a very large territory from الپس to بحیرہ شمال.
Buyid dynasty ایران Shiraz 934 1055 121
بازنطینی سلطنت بازنطینی سلطنت (Greece, اناطولیہ, افریقا, فلسطین, Syria, Italy) قسطنطنیہ 284 1460 1176 The eastern half of the Roman Empire. Term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking رومی سلطنت during the Middle Ages.
Caliphate of Córdoba جزیرہ نما آئبیریا قرطبہ 756 1031 275 See also خلافت.
Cao Wei China لوویانگ 220 265 45 See also تین مملکتاں.
قدیم قرطاجنہ شمالی افریقا قرطاجنہ 814 ق م 146 ق م 668
Cebu Rajahnate فلپائن Cebu City 1279 1565 286 An Indianized state founded by a minor Chola prince.
Chagatai Khanate Transoxania Almaliq, Qarshi 1225 1687 462 Division of the Mongol Empire.
Chalukya dynasty India Badami 543 753 210
چوہان Northern India Delhi 800 1200 400
Chenla Cambodia Isanapura 550 802 252 Succeeded by the Khmer Empire.
Chera dynasty جنوبی ہند Vanchi Muthur, کرور, Kodungallur, کولم. 400 ق م 1729 2129 A Tamil (Later, Malayalam) dynasty which includes Early Cheras, Medieval Cheras, Kodungallur Cheras and Venadu Cheras.
Chola empire جنوبی ہند Uraiyur, Pazhaiyaarai, تنجاور, Gangaikonda Cholapuram 400 ق م 1540 1940 A Tamil dynasty which includes Early Cholas, Medieval Cholas and Later Cholas till the reign of Virasekhara Chola (opponent of Nagama Nayak). Ruled parts of India,Sri lanka,Malaysia,Singapore,Indonesia,Burma Maldives and Philippines.
Commonwealth of England British Isles London 1649 1660 11 Short پیوریٹن and republican period in Britain. The Cromwell's army conquered Ireland and جمیکا.
Congo Free State actual جمہوری جمہوریہ کانگو Vivi then Boma 1885 1908 23 Private kingdom of Leopold II. بیلجین کانگو by بلجئیم after the revelation of committed atrocities in rubber plantations.
خانان کریمیا بحیرہ اسود باغچہ سرائے 1441 1783 342 One of the last Turkic kingdoms, annexed by سلطنت روس.
Dacian Empire Romania Sarmizegetusa Regia 168 ق م 106 274 سال، 0 دن Reached its territorial expansion under King Burebista (82 BC – 44 BC) and also had the title of King of Kings.
Danish colonial empire ڈنمارک (as Denmark–Norway 1536–1814) Copenhagen 1536 1953 417 سال، 155 دن See also Danish overseas colonies.
سلطنت دہلی برصغیر Delhi 1206 1527 321
درانی سلطنت Afghanistan قندھار, کابل 1747 1823 76
ولندیزی سلطنت نیدرلینڈز Amsterdam 1568 1975 407 See also ولندیزی ایسٹ انڈیا کمپنی and Dutch West India Company.
Egyptian Empire مصر Various, including طیبہ, Akhetaten, بر رمسیس, Memphis 1550 ق م 1077 ق م 473 See also 18th Dynasty, 19th Dynasty & 20th Dynasty.
Elamite Empire South West ایران سوسن 2800 ق م 300 ق م 2500
Ethiopian Empire Ethiopia ادیس ابابا 1137 1974 837
دولت فاطمیہ المغرب, مصر مہدیہ (909–969), قاہرہ (969–1171) 909 1171 262 See also خلافت.
فرانسیسی سلطنت اول France Paris 1804 1814/1815 10/11
فرانسیسی سلطنت دوم France Paris 1852 1870 18
French colonial empire France Paris 1534 Either surviving until present or ended in 1980 487 سال، 266 دن as of ۲۰۲۱ or 446 as of 1980 Some consider the Empire ending with the end of French presence in وانواتو (see New Hebrides) France still maintains overseas possessions in the form of Overseas France.
Frankish Empire مغربی یورپ Various, including سواسون, Paris, Reims, اوغلیاں, میتز & Aachen 250 950 700
Funan Cambodia Vyadhapura 50 550 500 Succeeded by the Chenla.
Gallic Empire Rhineland-Palatinate Colonia Agrippina 260 274 14 Broke off from the رومی سلطنت during the Crisis of the Third Century.
Gaza Empire جنوبی افریقا Not specified 1824 1895 71
جمہوریہ جینوا Italy جینوا 1096 1797 701 Major commercial power during the Late Middle Ages. Established colonies across the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
Georgian Empire جارجیا کوتائیسی, تبلیسی 1008 1490 482 Established in 1008 as an unified kingdom. Georgian kings took title "King of Kings" and ruled over large territory consisting of Georgian, Armenian and Muslim areas, as well as numerous client states. Officially dissolved at 1490.
جرمن سلطنت جرمنی Berlin 1871 1918 47 See also German colonial empire/Also known as "The Second Reich". Otto Von Bismark as Prime minister of Prussia, uniter of Germany and then Chancellor of Germany(1871–1890) likely had far more political pull than Wilhelm I. Wilhelm I Wilhelm II
Ghana Empire Mauritania, and Western Mali Koumbi Saleh 300 1240 940 The empire became known in Europe and Arabia as the "Ghana Empire" by the title of its ruler (meaning "Warrior King"). Also known as Wagadou.
Ghaznavid dynasty Afghanistan Ghazni later Lahore 963 1187 224
غوری خاندان Afghanistan Firuzkuh 1148 1215 67
Goguryeo کوریا[۲] Jolbon, Gungnae City, Pyongyang 37 ق م 668 705 Predecessor of Balhae and Goryeo.
Goryeo کوریا کائسونگ, Ganghwa 918 1392 474 Successor of Goguryeo. Unification of the Korean Peninsula. State maintained as an empire between 918 and 1274.
Gorkha Empire Greater Nepal 1600 1850 250 Unification of Greater Nepal. State maintained as an empire between 1600 and 1840.
Göktürk Khaganate Inner Asia Ötüken 552 747 195 552–603 First empire, 603–658 Double empire, 658–681 Dark age, 681–747 Second empire.
Golden Horde وسط ایشیا سرائے (شہر) 1240 1502 262 Break-away state of the Mongol Empire.
عظیم فولو سلطنت سینیگال Tekrur 1514 1776 262
Great Moravian Empire Central Europe Mikulčice-Valy 833 900 67 The word "Moravia" did not refer only to present-day موراویا.
Great Seljuq Empire Aral Sea, Asia Minor, ایران نیشاپور and later on Rey 1037 1194 157 Turkish empire, predecessor of the Sultanate of Rum.
گرجر پرتیہار خاندان برصغیر Kannauj 600 1136 536 Founded by great king of Gujjars.
Gupta Empire برصغیر Pataliputra 320 550 230 Founded by شری گپتا.
Han dynasty China Chang'an, لوویانگ, شوچانگ 206 ق م 220 426 Founded by Liu Bang the High Ancestor.
Hanseatic League بحیرہ شمال and بحیرہ بالٹک لوبیک 1356 1648 292 Alliance of German and Baltic merchant شہر ریاست.
Empire of Harsha Northern India Kannauj 606 647 41 Founded by Harshavardhana; collapsed after his death.
Hephthalite Empire Afghanistan کابل 420 567 147
Hittite Empire اناطولیہ ہاتوسا 1460 ق م 1180 ق م 280 See also Syro-Hittite states.
Holy Roman Empire Central Europe Not specified 962 1806 844 Referred to simply as the Roman Empire (not to be confused with the actual رومی سلطنت) before 1157, when it became the Holy Empire. The Holy Roman Empire is attested from 1254. Was officially known as the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation after 1512, although this designation had fallen out of use again by the 18th century. See Holy Roman Empire § Name.
ہوتکی سلطنت ایران Isfahan 1709 1738 29
ہویسل خاندان India Belur, Halebidu 1026 1343 317
Hunnic Empire Eurasia Not specified 370 469 99
ادریسی سلطنت مراکش فاس 788 974 186 Founders of the first مراکش state.
ایل خانی ایران Maragheh, تبریز, سلطانیہ 1256 1335 79 Division of the Mongol Empire.
Kingdom of Judah (united monarchy) Israel یروشلم 1050 ق م 586 ق م 464 Considers the Start of Saul's reign, through the dual kingdoms of the مملکت اسرائیل and the Kingdom of Judah, until the سلطنت بابلn conquest of Judah.
انکا (انکا) Andes (پیرو, Bolivia, ایکواڈور, parts of چلی, Argentina and کولومبیا) Cusco 1438 1533 95 The largest empire in pre-Columbian America.
سلطنت اطالیہ Italy Rome 1885 1943 58 See also Italian imperialism under Fascism.
سلطنت جاپان جاپان Tokyo 1868 1947 79 Emperor's government took control of the country in 1868. Regional hegemony in East Asia ended in 1945. The new constitution of 1947 formally abolished the empire.[۳] Meiji Hirohito
Jin dynasty (265–420) China لوویانگ (265–311), Chang'an (312–316), Jiankang (317–420) 265 420 155 Subdivided into two dynasties. Western Jìn dynasty (265–316), Eastern Jìn dynasty (317–420).
Jin dynasty (1115–1234) Northern China, منچوریا ہوینینگ پریفیکچر, Zhongdu, کائفینگ 1115 1234 119 Also known as the Jurchens, were the ancestors of the Manchus who established the Qing dynasty.
Jolof Empire West Africa Linguère 1350 1549 199 Also known as the Wollof Empire. Succeeded by the Kingdom of Jolof (1549–1875).
Kaabu Empire West Africa Kansala 1537 1867 330 Also written Gabu, Ngabou, and N’Gabu'.
کالمار اتحاد Scandinavia راسکیلے then Copenhagen 1397 1523 126 Personal union of ڈنمارک, پومیرانیا, ناروے and سویڈن.
Kanem Empire چاڈ Njimi 700 1387 687
Kanva dynasty India Pataliputra, ودیشا 75 ق م 30 ق م 45 Replaced the Shunga Empire.
خانان قاراخانی ترکستان کاشغر 840 1212 372 First Turkic dynasty to embrace Islam.
Khazar Khaganate Pontic steppe, North Caucasus Balanjar, later Atil 700 1000 300 Founded by Western Turks, the members of the royal family embraced یہودیت.
Khmer Empire Cambodia Hariharalaya (802–889), Angkor (889–1431) 802 1431 629 Succeeded from the kingdom of Chenla.
خلجی خاندان Afghanistan کابل, Delhi 1290 1320 30
Khwarazmian dynasty ایران Urgench 1077 1221 144
Konbaung dynasty Myanmar ماندالے 1752 1885 133
Kong Empire West Africa Kong 1710 1898 188 Also known as the Wattara Empire or Ouattara Empire.
Korean Empire Korean Peninsula Hanseong 1897 1910 13 Was the last ruling Korean dynasties.
Kushan Empire Afghanistan Various, including متھرا, پشاو‏ر, بگرام, ٹیکسلا 30 345 315
مملکت کوش شمال مشرقی افریقا, نوبیا نبتہ, Meroe 1070 ق م 350 1420
Lakota people Great Plains Great winter camps 1700 1877 177 Main Native power in North America until بلیک ہلز annexation by ریاست ہائے متحدہ.
Latin Empire Thrace, Asia Minor قسطنطنیہ 1204 1261 57 See also Latinokratia.
Later Lê dynasty ویت نام Đông Kinh 1428 1789 361
لیاؤ خاندان China Shangjing 915 1125 210
Lodi Sultanate Afghanistan Delhi 1451 1526 75
Macedonian Empire Macedonian Kingdom پیلا 334 ق م 323 ق م 11 Founded by سکندر اعظم.
Madurai Nayak dynasty جنوبی ہند Madurai,

Tiruchirappalli

1529 1736 207 Branched out from the Vijayanagara Empire by Viswanatha Nayak.
Majapahit Empire Indonesian Archipelago Majapahit, Wilwatikta 1293 1527 234 Founded by Raden Wijaya.
سلطنت مالی West Africa Niani, later Ka-ba 1235 1610 375 A Mandinka empire founded by Sundiata Keita.
Mamluk Sultanate مصر, Syria قاہرہ 1250 1517 267 See also خلافت.
Manchukuo منچوریا Hsinking 1932 1945 13 سال، 178 دن Created as a کٹھ پتلی ریاست of the سلطنت جاپان, with Emperor پویی (the last emperor of the Qing dynasty) installed as nominal regent and emperor.
مرہٹہ سلطنت برصغیر قلعہ رائے گڑھ, later Satara 1674 1818 144 Founded by شیواجی Maharaj, also known as the Maratha Confederacy.
مرین سلسلہ شاہی مراکش فاس 1244 1465 221
Massina Empire West Africa Hamdullahi 1820 1862 42
موریا Ancient India Pataliputra 321 ق م 185 ق م 136 Founded by چندرگپت موریا. The موریا became the largest ever Indian empire under اشوک اعظم.
Median Empire ایران Ecbatana 625 ق م 549 ق م 76 First Iranian empire, Founded by Deioces.
میکسیکی سلطنت اول میکسیکو میکسیکو شہر 1821 1823 2 Preceded the Second Mexican Empire which was short lived (1864–1867). See also Mexican Imperial Orders.
Second Mexican Empire میکسیکو میکسیکو شہر 1864 1867 3 Succeeded the First Mexican Empire which was short lived (1821–1823). See also Mexican Imperial Orders.
منگ خاندان China نانجنگ (1368–1421), Beijing (1421–1644) 1368 1644 276 Founded by Zhu Yuanzhang the Great Marshal.
Mitanni Empire Syria, ایران, Iraq, Turkey Washukanni 1500 ق م 1300 ق م 200
Mongol Empire Mongolia Karakorum 1206 1368 162 Split into four empires (یوآن خاندان, ایل خانی, Chagatai Khanate and Golden Horde). Largest contiguous land empire.
مغلیہ سلطنت برصغیر آگرہ, Delhi 1526 1758 232 Founded by ظہیر الدین محمد بابر. "Mughal" is a Persian word for the منگول.
نندا سلطنت برصغیر Pataliputra 450 ق م 350 ق م 100
جدید بابلی سلطنت بین النہرین Babylon 626 ق م 539 ق م 87 See also سلطنت بابل.
Nguyễn dynasty ویت نام Phú Xuân 1802 1945 143 Was the last ruling Vietnamese dynasty.
North Sea Empire ڈنمارک Ribe 1016 1035 19 As one historian put it: "When the 11th century began its fourth decade, Canute was, with the single exception of the Emperor, the most imposing ruler in Latin Christendom. … [H]e was lord of four important realms and the overlord of other kingdoms. Though technically Canute was counted among the kings, his position among his fellow-monarchs was truly imperial. Apparently he held in his hands the destinies of two great regions: the British Isles and the Scandinavian peninsulas. His fleet all but controlled two important seas, the North and the Baltic. He had built an Empire."[۴]
Empire of Nicaea Bithynia ازنیق 1204 1261 57 Successor state of the بازنطینی سلطنت.
Northern Yuan dynasty Mongolia, North China سنادو, Yingchang, قراقرم شہر 1368 1635 267 Created after the expulsion of the Yuan dynasty from China proper in 1368.
Omani Empire Oman مسقط 1698 1856 158 See Oman.
سلطنت عثمانیہ اناطولیہ سوغوت, بورصہ, Edirne, İstanbul 1299 1922 623 Predecessor of the Republic of Turkey. Osman I Mehmed VI
Oyo Empire Southwestern Nigeria Oyo-Ile 1400 1905 505
Pagan Empire Myanmar Bagan 849 1297 448
پہلوی خاندان ایران Tehran 1925 1979 54 The last Imperial dynasty of the Persian Empire.
Pala Empire جنوبی ہند Pataliputra 750 1174 424
Palmyrene Empire شام (رومی صوبہ) Palmyra 270 273 3 Broke off from the رومی سلطنت during the Crisis of the Third Century.
پانڈیہ شاہی سلسلہ جنوبی ہند Madurai, Korkai, تینکاسی, ترونلویلی 500 ق م 1759[۵] 2259 A Tamil dynasty which includes Early Pandyas(possible sunken continent,کماری کندم), First Empire, Second Empire and Later Pandyas of Tenkasi and Tirunelveli.
سلطنت اشکانیان ایران Various, including Asaak, صددروازہ, Ecbatana, مدائن, Nisa 247 ق م 224 471 Third Iranian empire, Founded by Arsaces I.
Pontic Empire Pontus اماسیا, Sinope 120 ق م 47 ق م 73 Mithridates VI had the title: King of Kings.
پرتگیزی سلطنت پرتگال Lisbon, ریو دے جینیرو (1815–1821) 1415 1999 584 سال، 121 دن It was one of the first global empires and one of the longest lived of the نو آبادیات‏ی نظام مغربی یورپan empires. See also مملکت متحدہ پرتگال، برازیل تے الغرب. João I Maunel II
مملکت پروشیا جرمنی Berlin 1701 1871 170 Was a great power during the اٹھارہويں صدی. Unificated جرمن سلطنت after the فرانسیسی جرمن جنگ against فرانسیسی سلطنت دوم. Frederick III Wilhelm II
Ptolemaic Empire مصر Alexandria 305 ق م 30 ق م 275 See also Diadochi.
قاجار خاندان[حوالہ درکار] ایران Tehran 1794 1925 131
Qin dynasty China Xianyang 221 ق م 206 ق م 15 First dynasty of the imperial period.
Qing dynasty China Shenyang, Beijing 1644 1912 268 Last dynasty of the imperial period.
Ramnad Sethupathis India رام ناتھ پورم 1590 1979 389
Rashidun Caliphate Saudi Arabia مدینہ منورہ, کوفہ 632 661 29 Predecessor of the خلافت امویہ, See also خلافت. ابوبکر صدیق حسن ابن علی
Rashtrakuta dynasty India Manyakheta 753 982 229
رومی سلطنت Italy Rome, Milan, راوینا 27 ق م 395 422 Together with the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic, direct Roman states lasted from 753 BC until 1453 AD, 1229 years. Formed from the Roman Republic as a consequence of the dictatorship and political assassination of Julius Caesar. The Empire was divided into the مغربی رومی سلطنت and the Eastern Roman/Byzantine Empire in 395 AD, although the latter is usually considered to have become a sort of distinct civilization. However, given that this half of the Empire fell only in 1453 AD, this extends the whole year count to 2206 years. Octavianus Augustus تھیودوسیوس اول (undivided)
Romulus Augustus (Western)
Rouran Khaganate Inner China Not specified 330 555 225
Rozwi Empire جنوبی افریقا Danangombe 1660 1866 206
سلطنت روس (Romanov) Russia سینٹ پیٹرز برگ 1721 1917 196 Successor state of the روسی زار شاہی. Peter The Great Nicolas II
Saadi dynasty مراکش مراکش 1554 1659 105 Sharifian Empire of Morocco who destroyed the Songhai Empire.
Safavid dynasty ایران تبریز, Qazvin, Esfahan 1501 1736 235
صفاری خاندان ایران زرنج 867 1002 135
خاندان ساسان ایران مدائن 224 651 427 Fourth Iranian Empire.
ساتواہن سلطنت India Amaravathi village, Guntur district Dharanikota 230 ق م 220 450 An Andhra dynasty which preceded the Vengi dynasty of Andhra.
Samanid Empire ایران Balkh, بخارا 819 999 180
Duchy of Savoy ساوئی Chambéry then تورینو 1416 1713 297 Theorically member state of Holy Roman Empire then vassal of France. Ruled a territory from Romandy to Nice.
سلوقی سلطنت ایران, بین النہرین, Syria Seleucia, Antioch 312 ق م 63 ق م 249 See also Diadochi.
سربیائی سلطنت بلقان (سربیا, مونٹینیگرو, Macedonia, اپیروس (علاقہ), Thessaly, Albania) اسکوپیہ, پریزرین 1346 1371 25 Founded by Stephen Uroš IV (Dušan the Mighty), fell into feudal disarray after his death.
Shu Han China چینگدو 221 263 42 See also تین مملکتاں.
Siam Empire تھائی لینڈ Bangkok 1782 1932 150
سکھ سلطنت خطۂ پنجاب Lahore 1733 1849 116 Preceded the سلطنت برطانیہ of British India in the برصغیر.
Sokoto Caliphate West Africa Sokoto (1804–1850), (1851–1902), Gudu (1804), Birnin Konni (1850, 1903) 1804 1903 99
Song dynasty China Bianjing (960–1127), ہانگژو (1127–1279) 960 1279 319 Founded by Zhao Kuangyin.
Songhai Empire West Africa گاو 1340 1591 251 Former vassal of the سلطنت مالی which became one of the largest African empires in history.
سلطنت ہسپانیہ جزیرہ نما آئبیریا میدرد 1479 1975 496 Was founded with Columbus’s funding, by the Catholic monarchs of Castille and Aragon, to his first voyage (that would land in America). Ferdinand V & Isabella I Fransisco Franco
Srivijaya Empire Indonesian Archipelago پالمبانگ, Mataram 683 1293 610 It was a powerful ancient thalassocratic Malay empire based on the island of سماٹرا, Indonesia, then based on Mataram (Medang Kingdom) under Sailendra's dynasty.
تحصیل سوئی China Chang'an 581 618 37
Wadiyar dynasty (Kingdom of Mysore) Mysuru, Karnataka Yaduraya Wodeyar 1399 1950 551
Shunga Empire برصغیر Pataliputra, ودیشا 185 ق م 73 ق م 112 Magadha dynasty that controlled North-central and Eastern India.
سویڈش سلطنت سویڈن اسٹاک ہوم 1611 1721 110 See also Swedish overseas colonies.
آل طاہر ایران نیشاپور 821 873 52
تانگ خاندان China Chang'an (618–904), لوویانگ (904–907) 618 907 289 Founded By Li Yuan (aka. Emperor Gaozu of Tang).
Thanjavur Nayak dynasty جنوبی ہند تنجاور 1532 1673 141 Founded by Sevappa Nayak.
Tây Sơn dynasty ویت نام Phú Xuân 1778 1802 24
Empire of Thessalonica اپیروس, Kingdom of Thessalonica Thessaloniki 1224 1246 22 Evolved from the Despotate of Epirus.
نازی جرمنی جرمنی Berlin, Hamburg (1933–1945), Flensburg (1945) 1933 1945 12 سال، 113 دن Nazi Germany signed a treaty (Tripartite Pact) with the سلطنت جاپان and سلطنت اطالیہ. Only lasted at its height from winter 1941–42 when the Soviet Union started counterattacks. Adolf Hitler General Alfred Jodl (Signed surrender terms on May 7, 1945)[۶]
Tibetan Empire تبت Lhasa 755 842 87 Expansion of Tibet started ~626. The death of the last leader lead to a civil war which destroyed the empire.[۷] Trisong Dretsen Tsenpo Langadarma
Tondo dynasty فلپائن Tondo 900 1587 687
Timurid Empire ازبکستان, ایران and وسط ایشیا سمرقند, ہرات 1370 1526 156 Persianized form of the Mongolian word kürügän, Turko-Mongol Empire.
Tlemcen Algeria Tlemcen 1235 1556 321 Zayyanid dynasty
Empire of Trebizond Pontus طرابزون 1204 1461 257 Successor state of the بازنطینی سلطنت and a client state of the Kingdom of Georgia.
Toltec Empire Mesoamerica Tollan-Xicocotitlan 496 1122 626 Ce Técpatl Mixcoatl or Huémac (Unsure/potentially mythical) Topiltzin or Huemac (Accounts differ)
Toungoo dynasty Toungoo Myanmar 1510 1752 242 The largest empire ever formed in South East Asia’s history.
سلطنت ٹوکیولیر West Africa سیگو 1848 1893 45
Tu'i Tonga Empire Tonga, Pacific Ocean Mu'a 950 1865 915 See History of Tonga.
Turgesh Khaganate ترکستان Balasagun 699 766 67 Founded as a successor of West Turkish empire.
خلافت امویہ Syria دمشق, قرطبہ (capital-in-exile) 661 750 89 Successor of the Rashidun Caliphate, See also خلافت.
Uyunid Emirate Arabian الحساء, قطیف 1076 1253 177 The Uyunids were a اہل سنت Arab dynasty that ruled سرزمین بحرین for 163 years, from the 11th to the 13th centuries.
Uyghur Khaganate وسط ایشیا Ordubaliq 742 848 106 742–848 Founded as a successor of Göktürk Khaganate, 848–1036 Gansu state, 856–1209 Turfan state.
وجے نگر سلطنت Karnataka, India Vijayanagara 1336 1646 310 A Kannada kingdown, where Gold use to be traded in streets, most richest kingdom in the world.
Republic of Venice Italy Venice 697 1797 1100 Major great power during the Middle Ages and the Early modern period.
Wari Empire پیرو, Bolivia Huari/Tiwanaku 500 1100 600 It is a matter of conflict as to whether it was a real organized state that could be called an empire. If so, it would be considered the first empire in the Americas.
سلطنت واسولو West Africa Bissandugu 1878 1895 17 Also known as the Mandinka Empire.
Western Chalukya Empire جنوبی ہند Manyakheta, بسوا کلیان 973 1189 216
مغربی رومی سلطنت Italy Mediolanum, راوینا 395 476 81 The western half of the رومی سلطنت.
Eastern Wu China ووچانگ ضلع, نانجنگ 229 280 51 See also تین مملکتاں.
مغربی شیا China ینچوان 1038 1227 189 Also called the Tangut dynasty.
شن خاندان China Chang'an 9 23 14 The Xin dynasty had only one ruling emperor.
یوآن خاندان China, Mongolia Dadu 1271 1368 97 Division of the Mongol Empire. The Yuan emperors had nominal supremacy over western khanates.
Zand dynasty ایران Shiraz 1750 1794 44
ژؤ خاندان China فینگہاو, Wangcheng, لوویانگ 1046 ق م 256 ق م 790 Zenith of bronze age in China.
مملکت زولو جنوبی افریقا KwaBulawayo, Ulundi 1818 1897 79

ممکنہ تے غیر رسمی سلطنتاں[لکھو]

"Empire" Origin Capital From To Duration Note
American Empire ریاست ہائے متحدہ واشنگٹن ڈی سی 1776 Present لکھن غلطی: "۲" نشان پچھانیا نہیں جارہیا The concept of an American Empire was first popularized during the presidency of James K. Polk who led the United States into the Mexican–American War of 1846. In recent times the concept has been revived to refer to the sphere of influence of the United States by its critics.
Athenian Empire (Delian League) Ancient Greece Delos island 478 ق م 404 ق م 74 Also known as the Delian League. It was an association of Greek شہر ریاست.
Second Athenian League Ancient Greece Athens 378 ق م 355 ق م 23 Second Athenian League, headed by Athens primarily for self-defense against the growth of Sparta and the ہخامنشی سلطنت.
Central African Empire Central African Republic بانگوئی 1976 1979 3 President Jean-Bédel Bokassa declared himself Emperor Bokassa I in 1976. Along he proclaiming the empire as a constitutional monarchy. The Central African Empire was a hypothetical empire in Africa.
Empire of China China Beijing 1915 1916 1 Was a short-lived attempt by یوان شیکائی to reinstate the Imperial Monarchy.
First Empire of Haiti ہیٹی پورٹ او پرنس 1804 1806 2

First Haitian Empire, Jean-Jacques Dessalines declared himself Emperor Jacques I.

Second Empire of Haiti ہیٹی پورٹ او پرنس 1849 1859 10

Second Haitian Empire, Faustin Soulouque is proclaimed Emperor Faustin I.

یورپی اتحاد (EU) Various member nations No capital as it is a political, economic, and military alliance between the member nations.

If there were a capital it would be Brussels or اسٹراس برک.

1993 Present 27 The EU is a political, economic, and military alliance between the member nations which adhere to certain centralized law-sets and has its own governmental positions. While the EU isn't considered an empire, it still has a large amount of political and economic sway (GDP of $18.292 trillion in 2019) in the world such as bailing out member states in Bankruptcy (Greece) and standing as a militaristic unity to curb aggressive powers such as Russia

The EU is comparable to the US except far less centralized in government.

The EU has often been referred to as "The Fourth Reich" to critics due to the large political and economic influence of Germany.

Grand Duchy of Lithuania Lithuania ویلنیوس 1200 1569 369 It was the largest state in Europe in the 15th century.
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth پولستان, Lithuania Kraków 1569 1795 226 It was formed by the Union of Lublin in 1569, between the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. It was one of the largest and one of the most populous countries of 16th and 17th-century Europe, with some 390,000 square miles (1,000,000 km2) and a multi-ethnic population of 11 million at its peak in the early 17th century.[۸][۹][۱۰][۱۱][۱۲][۱۳]
Roman Republic Italy Rome 509 ق م 27 ق م 482 Predecessor of the رومی سلطنت. Technically a Republic, had imperial holdings throughout its existence.
Kingdom of Romania Romania بخارسٹ 1920 1944 24 Following the post–World War I treaties that ratified its borders (the last one being the 1920 Treaty of Trianon), the newly-enlarged Romanian monarchy was rated by the کمیونسٹ انٹرنیشنل as a multi-national imperial state that subjugated ethnic minorities.[۱۴][۱۵] Indeed, according to the 1930 Romanian census, just over 28% of Romania's inhabitants were not ethnic Romanians. Non-Romanians formed the majority in 14 out of Romania's 71 رومانیہ د‏‏ی کاؤنٹیاں. In 11 Romanian counties, Romanians formed less than 40% of the population: Caliacra (22.6% Romanians), Cernăuți (21.8% Romanians), Cetatea Albă (18.5% Romanians), Ciuc (14.4% Romanians), Durostor (19% Romanians), Hotin (35% Romanians), Ismail (31.9% Romanians), Odorhei (4.9% Romanians), Storojineț (33.9% Romanians), Timiș-Torontal (37.6% Romanians) and Trei Scaune (16% Romanians).

The issue of "Romanian imperialism" (as Romanian leading politician Iuliu Maniu put it) was further exacerbated by the 1941 creation of the Romanian Transnistria Governorate from parts of the Ukrainian SSR, under the rule of "Conducător" Ion Antonescu.[۱۶] These new borders lasted until 1944. According to the 1941 Romanian census, 21 out of the now 73 Romanian counties were inhabited by a non-Romanian ethnic majority, including all of the 13 Transnistrian counties (the entire Transnistrian region was over 75% Ukrainian). Two of the 21 counties did have Romanian plurality (meaning that the Romanians were the largest ethnic group, but still less than half of the county population).

Soviet Empire سوویت اتحاد (U.S.S.R: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) ماسکو 1922 1991 69 A political term for the sphere of influence of the Soviet Union used by its critics. March 8, 1983 Ronald Reagan declared the Soviet Union to be an "Evil Empire"

ہور ویکھو[لکھو]

حوالے[لکھو]

  1. Friends Of The British Overseas Territories
  2. "Koguryŏ". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-07-26. 
  3. "Chronological table 5 1 December 1946 – 23 June 1947". National Diet Library. http://www.ndl.go.jp/constitution/e/etc/history05.html. 
  4. Larson, Laurence M (1912). Canute the Great, 995(Circ)–1035, and the Rise of Danish Imperialism During the Viking Age. Putnam. 
  5. Sethuraman, N. (1993). The Later Pandyas (1371–1759 AD). Tiruchirapalli: The Epigraphical Society of India. 
  6. "خطا: {{Cite web}} کے استعمال کے دوران no |title= specified زمرہ:مضامین مع شکستہ حوالہ جات". https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/germany-surrenders-unconditionally-to-the-allies-at-reims#:~:text=On%20May%207%2C%201945%2C%20the,at%20Reims%2C%20in%20northeastern%20France.. 
  7. "The Rise and Fall of the Tibetan Empire". https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F6E8aea7b3E. 
  8. Davies, Norman (1996). Europe: A History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 554. ISBN 978-0-19-820171-7. “Poland-Lithuania was another country which experienced its 'Golden Age' during the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. The realm of the last Jagiellons was absolutely the largest state in Europe.” 
  9. Wandycz, Piotr Stefan (2001). The Price of Freedom: A History of East Central Europe from the Middle Ages to the Present, 2nd, London [u.a.]: Routledge, 66. ISBN 978-0-415-25491-5. “The multinational character of the Habsburg monarchy was comparable to that of the Commonwealth […]” 
  10. (2014) Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland, The Britannica Guide to Countries of the European Union. Chicago: Britannica Educational Publishing, 203. ISBN 978-1-61530-991-7. “Lithuania was also a powerful empire and dominated much of eastern Europe in the 14th–16th centuries in close alignment with Poland; then, from 1569, it was part of a confederation with Poland […]” 
  11. Lozny, Ludomir (2005). "Poland". In Skutsch, Carl. Encyclopedia of the World's Minorities 3. New York [u.a.]: Routledge. p. 963. ISBN 978-1-135-19388-1. It was indeed an Eastern European empire, a multiethnic and multicultural state with great economic strength and strong military power, controlling most of central and eastern European politics. 
  12. Kupisz, Dariusz (2012). "The Polish-Lithuanian Army in the Reign of King Stefan Bathory (1576–1586)", Warfare in Eastern Europe, 1500–1800, History of Warfare 72. Boston: Brill, 63. ISBN 978-90-04-22196-3. “In terms of territorial expanse in Europe the Polish-Lithuanian state was surpassed only by Russia and the Ottoman Empire and in respect to population was behind only France, Spain, and the German Empire.” 
  13. Davies, Brian L. (2011). Empire and Military Revolution in Eastern Europe: Russia's Turkish Wars in the Eighteenth Century, Continuum Studies in Military History. London [u.a.]: Continuum, 29. ISBN 978-1-4411-7004-0. “Poland-Lithuania had entered the seventeenth century as one of the great powers in Eastern Europe.” 
  14. van de Grift, Liesbeth (2012). Securing the Communist State: The Reconstruction of Coercive Institutions in the Soviet Zone of Germany and Romania, 1944–1948, The Harvard Cold War Studies Book Series. Lexington Books, 21. ISBN 978-0-7391-7178-3. 
  15. (1991) Crisis and Reform in Eastern Europe. Transaction Publishers, 162. ISBN 978-0-88738-311-3. 
  16. Deletant, Dennis (2006). Hitler's Forgotten Ally: Ion Antonescu and his Regime, Romania 1940–1944. Springer, 85, 267. 

باہرلے جوڑ[لکھو]

سانچہ:Empires