تیموری خاندان

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تیموری خاندان یا خاندان تیموری (انگریزی: Timurid dynasty; فارسی: تیموریان‎) اک ترک منگل قبیلے دا سنی مسلم شاہی خاندان سی جو امیر تیمور دی اولاد سی۔[1][2][3][4][5] تیموری منگول سلطنت دے بانی چنگیز خان [6] دے خاندان وجوں سن۔ تیموری خاندان نے فارسی ثقافت تے بہت اثر پایا تے دو اہم سلطنتاں قائم کیتیاں۔ جنہان وچوں اک تیموری سلطنت (1370–1507) ایران تے وسط ایشیا وچ جبکہ دوسری مغلیہ سلطنت (1526–1857) برصغیر وچ سی۔

خاندان دے منگول[لکھو]

تیموری سلطنت[لکھو]

شاہی ناں ذاتی ناں دور
Timur ruled over Chagatai Khanate with Soyurghatmïsh Khan as nominal Khan followed by Sultan Mahmud Khan. He himself adopted the Muslim Arabic title of Amir. In essence the Khanate was finished and Timurid Empire was firmly established.
Amir
امیر
Timur Lang
تیمور لنگ
تیمور بیگ گورکانی
تیمور بیگ گورکانی
1370 – 1405 A.D.
Amir
امیر
پیر محمد بن جہانگیر میرزا
پیر محمد بن جہانگیر میرزا
1405–1407 A.D.
Amir
امیر
خلیل سلطان بن میران شاہ
خلیل سلطان بن میران شاہ
1405–1409 A.D.
Amir
امیر
شاہ رخ مرزا
شاھرخ میرزا
1405–1447 A.D.
Amir
امیر
Ulugh Beg
الغ بیگ
میرزا محمد تراغئیTāraghay
میرزا محمد طارق
1447–1449 A.D.
Division of Timurid Empire


Transoxiana Khurasan/Herat/Fars/Iraq-e-Ajam
میرزا عبداللطیف
میرزا عبداللطیف
Padarkush
(Father Killer)
1449 – 1450
میرزا عبد اللہ
میرزا عبد اللہ
1450 – 1451
میرزا ابوالقاسم بابر بن بایسنقر
میرزا ابوالقاسم بابر بن بایسنقر
1451–1457
میرزا شاہ محمود
میرزا شاہ محمود
1457
ابراھیم میرزا ابن علاء الدولہ
ابراھیم میرزا
1457–1459
ابو سعید میرزا
ابو سعید میرزا
(Although Abu Sa'id Mirza re-united most of the Timurid heartland in Central Asia with the help of Uzbek Chief, Abul-Khayr Khan (grandfather of Muhammad Shayabani Khan), he agreed to divide Iran with the Black Sheep Turkomen under Jahan Shah, but the White Sheep Turkomen under Uzun Hassan defeated and killed first Jahan Shah and then Abu Sa'id. After Abu Sa'id's death another era of fragmentation follows.)
1451–1469
**Transoxiana is Divided سلطان حسین میرزا بایقرا
سلطان حسین میرزا بایقرا
1469 1st reign
میرزا یادگار محمد
میرزا یادگار محمد
1470 (6 weeks)
سلطان حسین میرزا بایقرا
سلطان حسین میرزا بایقرا
1470–1506 2nd reign
Uzbeks under Muhammad Shayabak Khan Uzbek Conquer Herat
سمرقند بخارا حصار فرغانہ بلخ کابل
سلطان احمد میرزا
سلطان احمد میرزا
1469 – 1494
عمر شیخ میرزا ثانی
عمر شیخ میرزا ثانی
1469 – 1494
سلطان محمود میرزا
سلطان محمود میرزا
1469 – 1495
میرزا الغ بیگ
میرزا الغ بیگ
1469 – 1502
بایسنقر میرزا بن محمود میرزا
بایسنقر میرزا بن محمود میرزا
1495 – 1497
سلطان علی بن محمود میرزا
سلطان علی بن محمود میرزا
1495 – 1500
سلطان مسعود بن محمود میرزا
سلطان مسعود بن محمود میرزا
1495 – ?
ظہیر الدین محمد بابر
ظہیر الدین محمد بابر
1494 – 1497
خسرو شاہ خسرو شاہ
(Usurper)
? – 1503
مقیم ارغون مقیم ارغون
(Usurper)
? – 1504
Uzbeks under محمد شایبک خان ازبک
محمد شایبک خان ازبک
1500–01
Jahangir Mirza II
جہانگیر میرزا
(puppet of Sultan Ahmed Tambol)
1497 – ?
Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur
ظہیر الدین محمد بابر
1503 – 1504
Uzbeks under Muhammad Shayabak Khan Uzbek
محمد شایبک خان ازبک
1503–04
Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur
ظہیر الدین محمد بابر
1504 – 1511
Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur
ظہیر الدین محمد بابر
(Never till his conquest of India were the dominions of Babur as extensive as at this period. Like his grandfather Abu Sa'id Mirza, he managed to re-unite the Timurid heartland in Central Asia with the help of Shah of Iran, Ismail I. His dominions stretched from the Caspian Sea and the Ural Mountains to the farthest limits of Ghazni and comprehended Kabul and Ghazni;Kunduz and Hissar; Samarkand and Bukhara; Farghana; Tashkent and Seiram)
1511 – 1512
Uzbeks under Ubaydullah Sultan عبید اللہ سلطان re-conquer Transoxiana and Balkh
1512
Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur
ظہیر الدین محمد بابر
1512 – 1530
Timurid Empire in Central Asia becomes extinct under the Khanate of Bukhara of the Uzbeks. However, Timurid dynasty moves on to conquer India under the leadership of Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur in 1526 C.E. and established the Timurid dynasty of India.

مغلیہ سلطنت[لکھو]

اصل مضمون: مغل بادشاہ
بادشاہ جم راج دور موت نوٹس
بابر 23 February 1483 1526–1530 26 December 1530 Was a direct descendant of Genghis Khan through his mother and was descendant of Timur through his father. Founded the Mughal Empire after his victories at the First Battle of Panipat and the Battle of Khanwa.
ہمایوں 6 March 1508 1530–1540 Jan 1556 Reign interrupted by Sur Empire. Youth and inexperience at ascension led to his being regarded as a less effective ruler than usurper, Sher Shah Suri.
شیرشاہ سوری 1472 1540–1545 May 1545 Deposed Humayun and led the Sur Empire.
اسلامشاہ سوری c.1500 1545–1554 1554 Second and last ruler of the Sur Empire, claims of sons Sikandar and Adil Shah were eliminated by Humayun's restoration.
ہمایوں 6 March 1508 1555–1556 Jan 1556 Restored rule was more unified and effective than initial reign of 1530–1540; left unified empire for his son, Akbar.
اکبر 15 October 1542 1556–1605 27 October 1605 He and Bairam Khan defeated Hemu during the Second Battle of Panipat and later won famous victories during the Siege of Chittorgarh and the Siege of Ranthambore; He greatly expanded the Empire and is regarded as the most illustrious ruler of the Mughal Empire as he set up the empire's various institutions; he married Mariam-uz-Zamani, a Rajput princess. One of his most famous construction marvels was the Lahore Fort.
جہانگیر Oct 1569 1605–1627 1627 Jahangir set the precedent for sons rebelling against their emperor fathers. Opened first relations with the British East India Company. Reportedly was an alcoholic, and his wife Empress Noor Jahan became the real power behind the throne and competently ruled in his place.
شاہ جہان 5 January 1592 1627–1658 1666 Under him, Mughal art and architecture reached their zenith; constructed the Taj Mahal, Jama Masjid, Red Fort, Jahangir mausoleum, and Shalimar Gardens in Lahore. Deposed by his son Aurangzeb.
اورنگزیب 21 October 1618 1658–1707 3 March 1707 He reinterpreted Islamic law and presented the Fatawa-e-Alamgiri; he captured the diamond mines of the Sultanate of Golconda; he spent the major part of his last 27 years in the war with the Maratha rebels; at its zenith, his conquests expanded the empire to its greatest extent; the over-stretched empire was controlled by Mansabdars, and faced challenges after his death. He is known to have transcribed copies of the Qur'an using his own styles of calligraphy. He died during a campaign against the ravaging Marathas in the Deccan.
بہادر شاہ I 14 October 1643 1707–1712 Feb 1712 First of the Mughal emperors to preside over an empire ravaged by uncontrollable revolts. After his reign, the empire went into steady decline due to the lack of leadership qualities among his immediate successors.
جہانداد شاہ 1664 1712–1713 Feb 1713 The son of Bahadur Shah I, he was an unpopular incompetent titular figurehead; he attained the throne after his father's death by his victory in battle over his brother, who was killed.
فرخ سیر 1683 1713–1719 1719 His reign marked the ascendancy of the manipulative Syed Brothers, execution of the rebellious Banda. In 1717 he granted a Firman to the English East India Company granting them duty-free trading rights in Bengal. The Firman was repudiated by the notable Murshid Quli Khan the Mughal appointed ruler of Bengal.
رفیع الدرجات Unknown 1719 1719  
رفیع الدولہ Unknown 1719 1719  
نیکوسیر Unknown 1719 1743  
محمد ابراہیم Unknown 1720 1744  
محمد شاہ 1702 1719–1720, 1720–1748 1748 Got rid of the Syed Brothers. Tried to counter the emergence of the Marathas but his empire disintegrated. Suffered the invasion of Nadir-Shah of Persia in 1739.[7]
احمدشاہ بہادر 1725 1748–54 1775
عالمگیرII 1699 1754–1759 1759 He was murdered according by the Vizier Imad-ul-Mulk and Maratha associate Sadashivrao Bhau.
شاہ جہان III Unknown In 1759 1772 Was ordained to the imperial throne as a result of the intricacies in Delhi with the help of Imad-ul-Mulk. He was later deposed by Maratha Sardars.[8][9]
شاہ عالم II 1728 1759–1806 1806 He was proclaimed as Mughal Emperor by the Marathas.[8] Later, he was again recognised as the Mughal Emperor by Ahmad Shah Durrani after the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761.[10] 1764 saw the defeat of the combined forces of Mughal Emperor, Nawab of Oudh & Nawab of Bengal and Bihar at the hand of East India Company at the Battle of Buxar. Following this defeat, Shah Alam II left Delhi for Allahabad, ending hostilities with the Treaty of Allahabad (1765). Shah Alam II was reinstated to the throne of Delhi in 1772 by Mahadaji Shinde under the protection of the Marathas.[11] He was a de jure emperor. During his reign in 1793 British East India company abolished Nizamat (Mughal suzerainty) and took control of the former Mughal province of Bengal marking the beginning of British reign in parts of Eastern India officially.
اکبر شاہ II 1760 1806–1837 1837 He became a British pensioner after the defeat of the Marathas in the third Anglo-Maratha war who were until then the protector of the Mughal throne. Under the East India company's protection, his imperial name was removed from official coinage after a brief dispute with the British East India Company;
بہادر شاہ II 1775 1837–1857 1862 The last Mughal emperor was deposed in 1858 by the British East India company and exiled to Burma following the War of 1857 after the fall of Delhi to the company troops. His death marks the end of the Mughal dynasty but not of the family.

ہور ویکھو[لکھو]


ہور پڑھو[لکھو]




بیرونی جوڑ[لکھو]

حوالے[لکھو]

  1. Maria E. Subtelny, Timurids in Transition: Turko-Persian Politics and Acculturation in Medieval Persia، Vol. 7, (Brill, 2007)، 201.
  2. B.F. Manz, "Tīmūr Lang"، in دائرۃ المعارف الاسلامیہ، Online Edition, 2006
  3. دائرۃ المعارف بریطانیکا، "Timurid Dynasty"، Online Academic Edition, 2007. (Quotation:۔.۔Turkic dynasty descended from the conqueror Timur (Tamerlane)، renowned for its brilliant revival of artistic and intellectual life in Iran and Central Asia.Trading and artistic communities were brought into the capital city of Herat, where a library was founded, and the capital became the centre of a renewed and artistically brilliant Persian culture.۔.)
  4. "Timurids". The Columbia Encyclopedia (Sixth ed.). New York City: Columbia University. Retrieved 2006-11-08. 
  5. دائرۃ المعارف بریطانیکا article: Consolidation & expansion of the Indo-Timurids، Online Edition, 2007.
  6. THE MAN BEHIND THE MOSQUE
  7. S. N. Sen (2006). History Modern India. New Age International, 11–13, 41–43. ISBN 81-224-1774-4. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 Advanced Study in the History of Modern India 1707–1813, p.140
  9. S.R. Sharma. Mughal Empire in India: A Systematic Study Including Source Material 3, 765. 
  10. S.R. Sharma. Mughal Empire in India: A Systematic Study Including Source Material 3, 767. 
  11. N. G. Rathod, The Great Maratha Mahadaji Scindia, (Sarup & Sons, 1994), 8:[1]